kag-u

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My consultant said that the replacement of nioi with other nouns results in unnaturalness. But that does not necessarily means that this verb is one place predicate. The noun nioi can be modified by adjectives and possessive phrases. This indicates that the nioi is a phrasal entity syntactically independent from the verb kag-u.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(20)
Kumawa syo:nenno nioio kaida.
kuma=wa
bear=TOP
syo:nen=no
boy=GEN
nioi=o
smell=ACC
kai-da
smell-PST
‘The bear caught the boy's scent.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SMELL Coding set Argument type
1 smeller NP-nom A
2 smelled entity NP-acc P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R kag-ase-ru y
(22)
‘He made the dog smell (something).’
C
N y
C
N N/A y
C
R kag-e-ru y
(23)
‘Although it is an old bear, it still has a good nose.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
M kag-are-ru y
(21)
‘The boy was smelled by the bear.’