gad ganima

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Complex Verb. Lit. 'cut + HIT'. Alternative with inflecting verb meaning 'make an impact with an edge' also exists. Although the uninflecting coverb gad is phonologically identical to English 'cut' it is most likely an inherited lexical item (if it were a Kriol borrowing it would take the transitive suffix -im).

Coding frame

Complex Verb form
Verb type: VV

Examples

(69)
Gad ganima nawij Nawurlani.
gad
cut
gani-ma
3SG.A:3SG.P-hit.PST.PFV
nawij
neck
Nawurla-ni
Nawurla-ERG
‘Nawurla cut its neck.’
(70)
<Naif>di biyang burramanyi gadgad.
naif-di=biyang
knife-ERG/INST=SEQ
burra-ma-nyi
3PL.A:3SG.P-hit-PST.IPFV
gad-gad
RDP-cut
‘They cut it with a knife.’
(71)
<Kwin>ni gad ganima <dem>, <ribon>.
kwin-ni
queen-ERG
gad
cut
gani-ma
3SG.A:3SG.P-hit.PST.PFV
dem
dam
ribon
ribbon
‘The queen cut the dam, the ribbon.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# CUT Coding set Argument type
1 cutter NP-erg subj.V A
2 cut thing NP-abs obj.V P
3 cutting instrument NP-instr I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(73)
‘They are cutting it for her, they will be cutting until lunchtime.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(72)
‘The boy cut himself with a knife.’
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y