ning ganima

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Complex Verb. Lit. 'break off + HIT'; thus also applicable to inanimates and more akin to 'finishing something off'. For an alternative restricted to animates, see digirrij ganima.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form
Verb type: VV

Example

(48)
<Ani> burrumanu ning <jambala>ni, langinyni.
ani
but
burru-ma=nu
3PL.A:3SG.P-hit.PST.PFV=3SG.DAT
ning
break.off
jambala-ni
some-ERG
langiny-ni
stick-ERG/INST
‘But some people killed it for her, with a stick.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# KILL Coding set Argument type
1 killer NP-erg subj.V A
2 killee NP-abs obj.V P
3 killing instrument NP-instr I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(49)
‘They are killing them with a stick.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
M Attested only in literal sense of 'break off' y
(50)
‘The power ticket (lit. '(thing) for power') ran out / 'died'.’
C
Should be possible, though rarely applicable semantically. y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y