ganiyu

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Simple Verb. Highly polyfunctional verb which not only serves as a verb of quotation but is also used to express concepts of 'do', 'become', and in complex verbs, of 'internal causation', 'emission', 'internal motion', etc.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(30)
"Mulanggirr mali <hambag> nganthiyu!" ganiyu nu, wiribgumalang.
mulanggirr
dangerous
mali
thing
hambag
humbug/bother
nganthi-yu
2SG.A:3SG.P-say/do.PST.PFV
gani-yu=nu
3SG.A:3SG.P-say/do.PST.PFV=3SG.DAT
wirib-gu=malang
dog-DAT=GIVEN
‘"You have disturbed a dangerous thing!" he said to him, to the dog.’
(31)
"Nganthurum", warnanggalni ganiyurnu, <dokta>ni.
nganthu-rum
2SG.S-come.PRS
warnanggal-ni
medicine.man-ERG
gani-yu=rnu
3SG.A:3SG.P-say/do.PST.PFV=3SG.DAT
dokta-ni
doctor-ERG
‘"You come here", the doctor said to her.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SAY Coding set Argument type
1 sayer NP-erg subj.V X
2 said content UTT obj.V X
3 saying addressee NP-dat X

Alternations