Examples of Jakarta Indonesian

Example Verb meaning Example of...
(1)
Erni tutup pintunya.
Erni
Erni
tutup
close
pintu-nya
door-ASSOC
‘Erni closes the door.’
COVER the Verb form tutup
(2)
Erni nutup pintunya.
Erni
Erni
n-(t)utup
G.ACT-close
pintu-nya
door-ASSOC
‘Erni closes the door.’
COVER the Verb form tutup
(3)
Pintunya tutup.
pintu-nya
door-ASSOC
tutup
close
‘The door is closed.’
COVER an Alternation:
Intransitive alternation
(4)
Erni nutupin makanannya.
Erni
Erni
n-(t)utup-in
G.ACT-close-G.APPL
makan-an-nya
eat-NMLZ-ASSOC
‘Erni covered the food.’
COVER the Verb form tutup
(5)
Pintunya ditutup Erni.
pintu-nya
door-ASSOC
di-tutup
G.PASS-close
Erni
Erni
‘The door was closed by Erni.’
COVER an Alternation:
Passive Transitive
(6)
Gue kasi dia buku.
gua
1sg.fam
kasi
give
dia
3sg
buku
book
‘I gave him a book.’
GIVE a Coding frame:
1 V 2 3
(7)
Gue kasi buku ke dia.
gue
1sg.fam
kasi
give
buku
book
ke
to
dia
3sg
‘I gave a book to him.’
GIVE an Alternation:
Bare Allative
(8)
Gue bawain dia buku.
gue
1sg.fam
bawa-in
carry-G.APPL
dia
3sg
buku
book
‘I brought her a book.’
BRING an Alternation:
Ditransitive Alternation
(9)
Gue bawain buku buat dia.
gue
1sg.fam
bawa-in
carry-G.APPL
buku
book
buat
for
dia
3sg
‘I brought a book for her.’
BRING an Alternation:
Applicative Benefactive
(10)
Gue ngajarin dia bahasa inggris.
gue
1sg.fam
ng-ajar-in
G.ACT-teach-G.APPL
dia
3sg
bahasa
language
inggris
English
‘I teach her English.’
TEACH an Alternation:
Ditransitive Alternation
(11)
Gue ngajarin bahasa inggris ke dia.
gue
1sg.fam
ng-ajar-in
G.ACT-teach-G.APPL
bahasa
language
inggris
English
ke
to
dia
3sg
‘I teach her English.’
TEACH an Alternation:
Applicative Allative
(12)
Gue kecolongan dompet.
gue
1sg.fam
ke.an-colong
ADVERS-steal
dompet
wallet
‘My wallet was stolen.’
STEAL an Alternation:
Thematic Adversative Passive
(13)
Kucing kebunuh.
kucing
cat
ke-bunuh
NONVOL-kill
‘The cat was killed (accidentally).’
KILL an Alternation:
Accidental Passive
(14)
Dalan ngambil duit dari dompet Betty.
Dalan
Dalan
ng-ambil
G.ACT-take
duit
money
dari
from
dompet
wallet
Betty
Betty
‘Dalan took money from Betty's wallet.’
TAKE a Coding frame:
1 V 2 dari+3
(15)
Nadia bakar ikan.
Nadia
Nadia
bakar
burn
ikan
fish
‘Nadia's grilling fish.’
BURN (tr) a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(16)
Tomo mbangun kos-kosan.
Tomo
Tomo
m-bangun
G.ACT-build
kos~kos-an
RED~rental.room-NMLZ
‘Tomo's building some rooms for rent.’
BUILD a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(17)
Tessa bantuin Erni bikin PR.
Tessa
Tessa
bantu-in
help-G.APPL
Erni
Erni
bikin
make
PR
homework
‘Tessa is helping Erni with her homework.’
HELP the Verb form bantu
(18)
Erni nangis.
Erni
Erni
n-(t)angis
G.ACT-cry
‘Erni's crying.’
CRY a Coding frame:
1 V
(19)
Ujan.
ujan
rain
‘It's raining.’
RAIN a Coding frame:
V
(20)
Gue pergi.
gue
1sg.fam
pergi
go
‘I go.’
GO a Coding frame:
1 V
(21)
Betty ngumpet.
Betty
Betty
ng-umpet
G.ACT-hide
‘Betty is hiding.’
HIDE an Alternation:
Intransitive alternation
(22)
Nadia dipanggil.
Nadia
Nadia
di-panggil
G.PASS-call
‘Nadia was called.’
BE NAMED an Alternation:
Impersonal Passive
(23)
Gue lempar batu.
gue
1sg.fam
lempar
throw
batu
stone
‘I threw a stone.’
THROW the Verb form lempar
(24)
Gue ngikat rambut.
gue
1sg.fam
ng-ikat
G.ACT-tie
rambut
hair
‘I tied my hair.’
TIE the Verb form ikat
(25)
Dompetnya dicolong dia.
dompet-nya
wallet-ASSOC
di-colong
G.PASS-steal
dia
3sg
‘The wallet was stolen (by) her.’
STEAL an Alternation:
Passive Transitive
(26)
Erni tutupin makanan.
Erni
Erni
tutup-in
close-G.APPL
makan-an
eat-NMLZ
‘Erni covered the food.’
COVER an Alternation:
Bare Applicative Transitive
(27)
Dalan mecahin gelas.
Dalan
Dalan
m-(p)ecah-in
G.ACT-break-G.APPL
gelas
glass
‘Dalan broke the glass.’
BREAK a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(28)
Aer dituangin gue.
aer
water
di-tuang-in
G.PASS-pour-G.APPL
gue
1sg.fam
‘The water was poured out (by) me.’
POUR an Alternation:
Passive Applicative Transitive
(29)
Gue ngasi dia buku.
gue
1sg.fam
ng-(k)asi
G.ACT-give
dia
3sg
buku
book
‘I gave him a book.’
GIVE a Coding frame:
1 V 2 3
(30)
Dalan dikasitahu Nadia soal FPI.
Dalan
Dalan
di-kasitahu
G.PASS-tell
Nadia
Nadia
soal
about
FPI
FPI
‘Dalan was told by Nadia about the FPI.’
TELL an Alternation:
Oblique Subject Passive Ditransitive
(31)
Nadia dikasi kado ama pacarnya.
Nadia
Nadia
di-kasi
G.PASS-give
kado
gift
ama
by
pacar-nya
boy/girlfriend-ASSOC
‘Nadia was given a gift by her boyfriend.’
GIVE an Alternation:
Oblique Subject Passive Agentive by-phrase.
(32)
Betty kirimin gue surat.
Betty
Betty
kirim-in
send-G.APPL
gue
1sg.fam
surat
letter
‘Betty sent me letters.’
SEND the Verb form kirim
(33)
Gue nuangin dia aer.
gue
1sg.fam
n-(t)uang-in
G.ACT-pour-G.APPL
dia
3sg
aer
water
‘I poured her some water.’
POUR the Verb form tuang
(34)
Motor dimasukin garasi ama satpamnya.
motor
motorbike
di-masuk-in
G.PASS-go.in-G.APPL
garasi
garage
ama
by
satpam-nya
guard-ASSOC
‘The motorbike was put in the garage by the guard.’
LOAD an Alternation:
Patient Subject Passive Ditransitive Applicative Agentive by-phrase.
(35)
Dalan dipotongin Mamanya mangga.
Dalan
Dalan
di-potong-in
G.PASS-cut-G.APPL
mama-nya
mother-ASSOC
mangga
mango
‘Dalan's mommy cut him some mango.’
CUT an Alternation:
Oblique subject Passive Applicative Ditransitive (A P)
(36)
Tim tutup pintu pake tongkat.
Tim
Tim
tutup
close
pintu
door
pake
INST
tongkat
stick
‘Tim closed the door with a stick.’
COVER an Alternation:
Bare Instrumental
(37)
Gue lemparin Tim pake batu.
gue
1sg.fam
lempar-in
throw-G.APPL
Tim
Tim
pake
INST
batu
stone
‘I hit Tim with stones.’
THROW an Alternation:
Applicative Instrumental
(38)
Dalan kirim surat buat mamanya.
Dalan
Dalan
kirim
send
surat
letter
buat
for
mama-nya
mother-ASSOC
‘Dalan sent a letter for his mom.’
SEND an Alternation:
Bare Benefactive
(39)
Gue taroin laptopnya buat John.
gue
1sg.fam
taro-in
put-G.APPL
laptop-nya
laptop-ASSOC
buat
for
John
John
‘I put the laptop down for John.’
LOAD an Alternation:
Applicative Benefactive
(40)
Gue lempar batu ke Tim.
gue
1sg.fam
lempar
throw
batu
stone
ke
to
Tim
Tim
‘I threw a rock to Tim.’
THROW a Coding frame:
1 V 2 ke+3
(41)
Gue masukin mobil ke garasi.
gue
1sg.fam
masuk-in
go.in-G.APPL
mobil
car
ke
to
garasi
garage
‘I put the car in the garage.’
LOAD the Verb form masuk
(42)
John taro buku di meja.
John
John
taro
put
buku-nya
book-ASSOC
di
LOC
meja
table
‘John put the book on the table.’
LOAD a Coding frame:
1 V 2 LOC3
(43)
Gue taroin buku di meja.
gue
1sg.fam
taro-in
put-G.APPL
buku
book
di
LOC
meja
table
‘I put the book on the table (for someone).’
LOAD the Verb form taro
(44)
John terima laptopnya dari Bangkok.
John
John
terima
receive
laptop-nya
laptop-ASSOC
dari
from
Bangkok
Bangkok
‘John got his laptop from Bangkok.’
GET an Alternation:
Bare Ablative
(45)
Tim dapetin herpes dari pacarnya.
Tim
Tim
dapet-in
get-G.APPL
herpes
herpes
dari
from
pacar-nya
boy/girlfriend-ASSOC
‘Tim got herpes from his girlfriend.’
GET (= obtain) an Alternation:
Applicative Ablative
(46)
Tim keujanan.
Tim
Tim
ke.an-ujan
ADVERS-rain
‘Tim got rained on.’
RAIN an Alternation:
Adversative Passive
(47)
Tasku kebawa.
tas-ku
bag-1sg
ke-bawa
NONVOL-carry
‘My bag got carried away (accidentally).’
BRING an Alternation:
Accidental Passive
(48)
Erni nyukur kumisnya Dalan.
Erni
Erni
n-(c)yukur
G.ACT-shave
kumis-nya
moustache-ASSOC
Dalan
Dalan
‘Erni shaved Dalan's moustache.’
SHAVE (a body part/person) the Verb form cukur
(49)
Erni ngajar matematika.
Erni
Erni
ng-ajar
G.ACT-teach
matematika
math
‘Erni teaches math.’
TEACH a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(50)
Dalan diajarin sastra ama Erni.
Dalan
Dalan
di-ajar-in
G.PASS-teach-G.APPL
sastra
literature
ama
by
Erni
Erni
‘Dalan was taught literature by Erni.’
TEACH an Alternation:
Oblique subject Passive Applicative Ditransitive Agentive by-phrase
(51)
Dalan nemu duit.
Dalan
Dalan
n-(t)emu
G.ACT-meet
duit
money
‘Dalan found (some) money.’
MEET a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(52)
Aernya mendidih.
aer-nya
water-ASSOC
mendidih
boil
‘The water is boiling.’
BOIL a Coding frame:
1 V
(53)
Dalan berangkat.
Dalan
Dalan
berangkat
leave
‘Dalan left.’
LEAVE a Coding frame:
1 V
(54)
Tomo teriak.
Tomo
Tomo
teriak
shout
‘Tomo shouted.’
SCREAM a Coding frame:
1 V
(55)
Nadia isi aer ke gentong.
Nadia
Nadia
isi
fill
aer
water
ke
to
gentong
earthen.pitcher
‘Nadia filled the earthen pitcher with water.’
FILL a Coding frame:
1 V 2 ke+3
(56)
Erni tuang aer ke gelas.
Erni
Erni
tuang
pour
aer
water
ke
to
gelas
glass
‘Erni poured the water into the glass.’
POUR a Coding frame:
1 V 2 ke+3
(57)
Gue bawa ember.
gue
1sg.fam
bawa
carry
ember
basin
‘I brought the basin.’
BRING a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(58)
Erni dapet kado dari Pak John.
Erni
Erni
dapet
get
kado
gift
dari
from
pak
TRU.father
John
John
‘Erni got a gift from John.’
GET (= obtain) an Alternation:
Bare Ablative
(59)
Dalan nyolong duit.
Dalan
Dalan
n-(c)yolong
G.ACT-steal
duit
money
‘Dalan stole some money.’
STEAL the Verb form colong
(60)
Betty ngumpet di lemari.
Betty
Betty
ng-umpet
G.ACT-hide
di
LOC
lemari
cupboard
‘Betty hid in the cupboard.’
HIDE the Verb form umpetin
(61)
Nadia nyobek kertas.
Nadia
Nadia
ny-(s)obek
G.ACT-tear
kertas
paper
‘Nadia tore the paper.’
TEAR the Verb form sobek
(62)
Dalan nyentuh pacarnya.
Dalan
Dalan
ny-(s)entuh
G.ACT-touch
pacar-nya
boy/girlfriend-ASSOC
‘Dalan touched his girlfriend.’
TOUCH a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(63)
Erni pukul meja.
Erni
Erni
pukul
hit
meja
table
‘Erni hit the table.’
BEAT a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(64)
Kucingnya mati.
kucing-nya
cat-ASSOC
mati
die
‘The cat died.’
DIE a Coding frame:
1 V
(65)
Gelasnya pecah.
gelas-nya
glass-ASSOC
pecah
break
‘The glass broke.’
BREAK an Alternation:
Intransitive alternation
(66)
Dalan bangun rumah.
Dalan
Dalan
bangun
build
rumah
house
‘Dalan built a house.’
BUILD a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(67)
Nadia bilang ke Dalan dia udah pergi.
Nadia
Nadia
bilang
say
ke
to
Dalan
Dalan
dia
3sg
udah
PFCT
pergi
go
‘Nadia told Dalan she already left.’
SAY a Coding frame:
1 V ke+2 UTT3
(68)
Dalan cerita ke Erni soal rencana pernikahannya.
Dalan
Dalan
cerita
tell
ke
to
Erni
Erni
soal
about
rencana
plan
pernikahan-nya
wedding-ASSOC
‘Dalan told Erni about his wedding plan.’
TELL a Coding frame:
1 V ke+2 soal+3
(69)
Erni kenal istrinya Pak John.
Erni
Erni
kenal
know
istri-nya
wife-ASSOC
pak
TRU.father
John
John
‘Erni knew John's wife.’
KNOW a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(70)
Dalan liat setan.
Dalan
Dalan
liat
see
setan
evil.spirit
‘Dalan saw a ghost.’
LOOK AT a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(71)
Dalan takut kecoak.
Dalan
Dalan
takut
afraid
kecoak
cockroach
‘Dalan was afraid of a cockroach.’
FEAR a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(72)
Erni suka coklat.
Erni
Erni
suka
like
coklat
chocolate
‘Erni likes chocolate.’
LIKE a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(73)
Erni cari bukunya.
Erni
Erni
cari
look.for
buku-nya
book-ASSOC
‘Erni looked for her book.’
SEARCH FOR a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(74)
Dalan ketemu Tom.
Dalan
Dalan
ketemu
meet
Tom
Tom
‘Dalan met Tom.’
MEET a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(75)
Gue ikut outing.
gue
1sg.fam
ikut
follow
outing
outing
‘I attended an outing.’
FOLLOW a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(76)
Gua makan roti.
gua
1sg.fam
makan
eat
roti
bread
‘I ate bread.’
EAT a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(77)
Nadia pake sepatu.
Nadia
Nadia
pake
dress
sepatu
shoes
‘Nadia is wearing shoes.’
DRESS the Verb form pakein
(78)
Dalan mandi.
Dalan
Dalan
mandi
wash
‘Dalan bathes.’
WASH the Verb form mandiin
(79)
Dalan batuk.
Dalan
Dalan
batuk
cough
‘Dalan coughs.’
COUGH a Coding frame:
1 V
(80)
Erni duduk di lantai.
Erni
Erni
duduk
sit
di
LOC
lantai
floor
‘Erni is sitting on the floor.’
SIT a Coding frame:
1 V LOC2
(81)
Dalan lari.
Dalan
Dalan
lari
run
‘Dalan is running.’
RUN a Coding frame:
1 V
(82)
Tom loncat.
Tom
Tom
loncat
jump
‘Tom jumped.’
JUMP a Coding frame:
1 V
(83)
Dalan nyanyi lagu dangdut.
Dalan
Dalan
nyanyi
sing
lagu
song
dangdut
dangdut
‘Dalan sang a dangdut song.’
SING an Alternation:
Transitive Alternation
(84)
Gua tinggal di Jakarta.
gua
1sg.fam
tinggal
live
di
LOC
Jakarta
Jakarta
‘I live in Jakarta.’
LIVE a Coding frame:
1 V LOC2
(85)
Tessa muncul dari goa.
Tessa
Tessa
muncul
appear
dari
from
goa
cave
‘Tessa appeared from within the cave.’
APPEAR a Coding frame:
1 V LOC2
(86)
Tom sakit.
Tom
Tom
sakit
sick
‘Tom is sick.’
BE ILL a Coding frame:
1 V
(87)
Hpnya jatoh.
hp-nya
cellphone-ASSOC
jatoh
fall
‘The cellphone fell.’
FALL a Coding frame:
1 V
(88)
Hawanya dingin.
hawa-nya
air-ASSOC
dingin
cold
‘The air is cold.’
BE COLD a Coding frame:
1 V
(89)
Anaknya laper.
anak-nya
child-ASSOC
laper
hungry
‘The child is hungry.’
BE HUNGRY a Coding frame:
1 V
(90)
Matanya ngedip.
mata-nya
eye-ASSOC
ng-edip
G.ACT-blink
‘His/her eye blinked.’
BLINK a Coding frame:
1 V
(91)
Bolanya nggelinding.
bola-nya
ball-ASSOC
ng-gelinding
G.ACT-roll
‘The ball rolled.’
ROLL a Coding frame:
1 V
(92)
Tessa nyalain lampu.
Tessa
Tessa
nyala-in
appear-G.APPL
lampu
lights
‘Tessa turned on the lights.’
BURN an Alternation:
Bare Applicative Transitive
(93)
Kapalnya tenggelem.
kapal-nya
ship-ASSOC
tenggelem
sink
‘The ship sank.’
SINK a Coding frame:
1 V
(94)
Bajunya kering.
baju-nya
clothing-ASSOC
kering
dry
‘The item of clothing is dry.’
BE DRY a Coding frame:
1 V
(95)
Dalan pemburu.
Dalan
Dalan
pemburu
hunter
‘Dalan is a hunter.’
BE A HUNTER a Coding frame:
1 V
(96)
Gue sedih.
gue
1sg.fam
sedih
sad
‘I'm sad.’
BE SAD a Coding frame:
1 V
(97)
Mobilnya penuh.
mobil-nya
car-ASSOC
penuh
full
‘The car's full.’
FILL the Verb form penuhin
(98)
Dalan lap meja.
Dalan
Dalan
lap
rag
meja-nya
table-ASSOC
‘Dalan wiped the table.’
WIPE a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(99)
Nadia potong mangga pake piso.
Nadia
Nadia
potong
cut
mangga
mango
pake
INST
piso
knife
‘Nadia cut the mango with a knife.’
CUT a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(100)
Jono bicara ama Betty soal gajinya.
Jono
Jono
bicara
talk
ama
with
Betty
Betty
soal
about
gaji-nya
salary-ASSOC
‘Jono talked to Betty about her salary.’
TALK a Coding frame:
1 V ama+2 soal+3
(101)
Dalan tolong Nadia ama PRnya.
Dalan
Dalan
tolong
help
Nadia
Nadia
ama
with
PR-nya
homework-ASSOC
‘Dalan helped Nadia with her homework.’
HELP a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(102)
Erni masuk kelas.
Erni
Erni
masuk
go.in
kelas
class
‘Erni went into the classroom.’
LOAD the Verb form masuk
(103)
Anaknya nunjukin hasil ujiannya ke ortunya.
anak-nya
child-ASSOC
n-(t)unjuk-in
G.ACT-show-G.APPL
hasil
result
ujian-nya
test-ASSOC
ke
to
ortu-nya
parent-ASSOC
‘The child showed her test results to her parents.’
SHOW a Coding frame:
1 V 2 ke+3
(104)
Tessa nyuri duitnya dari dompet Betty.
Tessa
Tessa
n-(c)yuri
G.ACT-steal
duit-nya
money-ASSOC
dari
from
dompet
wallet
Betty
Betty
‘Tessa stole money from Betty's wallet.’
STEAL a Coding frame:
1 V 2 dari+3
(105)
Jono nyolok kabel.
Jono
Jono
n-(c)yolok
G.ACT-touch
kabel
cable
‘Jono plugged in the cable.’
TOUCH a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(106)
Dalan gebuk anjingnya.
Dalan
Dalan
gebuk
hit
anjing-nya
dog-ASSOC
‘Dalan hit the dog.’
HIT a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(107)
Nadia bunuh anjing.
Nadia
Nadia
bunuh
kill
anjing
dog
‘Nadia killed the dog.’
KILL a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(108)
Erni matahin penggaris.
Erni
Erni
m-(p)atah-in
G.ACT-break-G.APPL
peng-garis
pen-line
‘Erni broke her ruler.’
BREAK a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(109)
Tom lagi ngomong.
Tom
Tom
lagi
PROG
ng-omong
G.ACT-talk
‘Tom is talking.’
SAY a Coding frame:
1 V (UTT2)
(110)
Erni kasitahu Tom rencana outing.
Erni
Erni
kasitahu
tell
Tom
Tom
rencana
plan
outing
outing
‘Erni told Tom the plan for the outing.’
TELL a Coding frame:
1 V 2 3
(111)
Ririn minta duit.
Ririn
Ririn
minta
ask.for
duit
money
‘Ririn asked for money.’
ASK FOR a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(112)
Dalan lagi seneng.
Dalan
Dalan
lagi
PROG
seneng
like
‘Dalan is happy.’
LIKE the Verb form seneng
(113)
Erni bantu mamanya.
Erni
Erni
bantu
help
mama-nya
mother-ASSOC
‘Erni helps her mother.’
HELP a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(114)
Dalan panjat pinang.
Dalan
Dalan
panjat
climb
pinang
betel.palm
‘Dalan climbed the betel tree.’
CLIMB a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(115)
Erni lompat.
Erni
Erni
lompat
jump
‘Erni is jumping (up and down).’
JUMP a Coding frame:
1 V
(116)
Kepalanya nongol.
kepala-nya
head-ASSOC
nongol
appear
‘Her head appeared (from the window). / Her head was sticking out.’
APPEAR a Coding frame:
1 V
(117)
Pembantu cuci baju.
pem-bantu
AGNMLZ-help
cuci
wash
baju
clothes
‘The maid washes the clothes.’
WASH a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(118)
Erni pegang tangannya anaknya.
Erni
Erni
pegang
hold
tangan-nya
hand-ASSOC
anak-nya
child-ASSOC
‘Erni held her child's hand.’
TOUCH a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(119)
Nadia panggil dokter.
Nadia
Nadia
panggil
call
dokter
doctor
‘Nadia called (for) the doctor.’
BE NAMED the Verb form panggil
(120)
Erni masak mie.
Erni
Erni
masak
cook
mie
noodle
‘Erni cooks noodles.’
COOK a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(121)
Tukang gali kuburan.
tukang
worker
gali
dig
kubur-an
grave-NMLZ
‘The worker dug the grave.’
DIG a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(122)
Petani giling padi.
pe-tani
AGNMLZ-farm
giling
grind
padi
rice
‘The farmer grinds the rice.’
GRIND a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(123)
Singgih dengar suara orang.
Singgih
Singgih
dengar
hear
suara
voice
orang
person
‘Singgih heard someone's voice.’
HEAR a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(124)
Dalan peluk pacarnya.
Dalan
Dalan
peluk
hug
pacar-nya
boy/girlfriend-ASSOC
‘Dalan was hugging his girlfriend.’
HUG a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(125)
Dalan ketawa.
Dalan
Dalan
ketawa
laugh
‘Dalan was laughing.’
LAUGH a Coding frame:
1 V
(126)
Erni bikin PRnya.
Erni
Erni
bikin
make
PR-nya
homework-ASSOC
‘Erni was doing her homework.’
MAKE a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(127)
Nadia ngupas mangga.
Nadia
Nadia
ng-(k)upas
G.ACT-peel
mangga
mango
‘Nadia is peeling a mango.’
PEEL a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(128)
Dalan ngulitin ayamnya.
Dalan
Dalan
ng-(k)ulit-in
G.ACT-skin-G.APPL
ayam-nya
chicken-ASSOC
‘Dalan skinned the chicken.’
PEEL the Verb form kulitin
(129)
Erni dorong mobil.
Erni
Erni
dorong
push
mobil
car
‘Erni was pushing the car.’
PUSH a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(130)
Bos terima kuitansi.
bos
boss
terima
receive
kuitansi
receipt
‘The boss got the receipt.’
GET a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(131)
Erni ambil duitnya.
Erni
Erni
ambil
take
duit-nya
money-ASSOC
‘Erni took the money.’
TAKE the Verb form ambil
(132)
Nadia lagi mikir.
Nadia
Nadia
lagi
PROG
m-(p)ikir
G.ACT-think
‘Nadia is thinking.’
THINK a Coding frame:
1 V
(133)
Vitto pengen baso.
Vitto
Vitto
pengen
want
baso
meatball
‘Vitto wants (some) meatballs.’
WANT a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(134)
Pacarnya nyium bau badannya.
pacar-nya
boy/girlfriend-ASSOC
n-(c)yium
G.ACT-smell
bau
odor
badan-nya
body-ASSOC
‘His girlfriend smelled his body odor.’
SMELL a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(135)
Erni main sinetron.
Erni
Erni
main
play
sinetron
soap.opera
‘Erni appears in a soap opera.’
PLAY a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(136)
Tomo naik motor.
Tomo
Tomo
naik
ride
motor
motorbike
‘Tom takes a motorcycle.’
CLIMB the Verb form naik
(137)
Tessa nyuri duit.
Tessa
Tessa
n-(c)yuri
G.ACT-steal
duit
money
‘Tessa stole the money.’
STEAL the Verb form curi
(138)
Tim dapet coklat.
Tim
Tim
dapet
get
coklat
chocolate
‘Tim got chocolate(s).’
GET (= obtain) a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(139)
Nadia motong mangga.
Nadia
Nadia
m-(p)otong
G.ACT-cut
mangga
mango
‘Nadia cut the mango.’
CUT the Verb form potong
(140)
Erni tutup kepalanya pake jilbab.
Erni
Erni
tutup
cover
kepala-nya
head-ASSOC
pake
INST
jilbab
headscarf
‘Erni covers her head with a headscarf.’
COVER a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(141)
Dalan ikat rambut.
Dalan
Dalan
ikat
tie
rambut
hair
‘Dalan tied his hair.’
TIE a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(142)
Betty kirim gue duit.
Betty
Betty
kirim
send
gue
1sg.fam
duit
money
‘Betty sent me money.’
SEND a Coding frame:
1 V 2 3
(143)
Adam colong anjing.
Adam
Adam
colong
steal
anjing
dog
‘Adam stole a dog.’
STEAL a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(144)
Betty umpetin dompet di lemari.
Betty
Betty
umpet-in
hide-G.APPL
dompet
wallet
di
LOC
lemari
cupboard
‘Betty hid the wallet in the cupboard.’
HIDE a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(145)
Nadia sobek bajunya.
Nadia
Nadia
sobek
tear
baju-nya
clothes-ASSOC
‘Nadia tears her clothes.’
TEAR a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(146)
Adam potong kuenya.
Adam
Adam
potong
cut
kue-nya
cake-ASSOC
‘Adam cut the cake.’
CUT a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(147)
Dalan matiin lampu.
Dalan
Dalan
mati-in
kill-G.APPL
lampu
light
‘Dalan killed the lights.’
KILL a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(148)
Erni pecahin hatiku.
Erni
Erni
pecah-in
break-G.APPL
hati-ku
liver-1sg
‘Erni broke my heart.’
BREAK a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(149)
Dalan takutin Erni.
dalan
Dalan
takut-in
fear-G.APPL
Erni
Erni
‘Dalan frightened Erni.’
FEAR a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(150)
Gue ikut Dalan.
gue
1sg.fam
ikut
follow
Dalan
Dalan
‘I followed Dalan.’
FOLLOW a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(151)
Erni tolong Dalan.
Erni
Erni
tolong
help
Dalan
Dalan
‘Erni helped Dalan.’
HELP a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(152)
Nadia pakein baju ke anak.
Nadia
Nadia
pake-in
use-G.APPL
baju
clothes
ke
to
anak
child
‘Nadia dresses her child.’
DRESS a Coding frame:
1 V 2 ke+3
(153)
Dalan mandiin neneknya.
Dalan
Dalan
mandi-in
wash-G.APPL
nenek-nya
grandmother-ASSOC
‘Dalan bathes his grandmother.’
WASH a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(154)
Betty pergi ke pasar.
Betty
Betty
pergi
go
ke
to
pasar
market
‘Betty went to the market.’
GO an Alternation:
Bare Allative
(155)
Dalan lagi nyanyi.
Dalan
Dalan
lagi
PROG
nyanyi
sing
‘Dalan is singing.’
SING a Coding frame:
1 V
(156)
Ibu Dalan baru meninggal.
Ibu
mother
Dalan
Dalan
baru
just
men-(t)inggal
G.ACT-live
‘Dalan's mother just died.’
LIVE a Coding frame:
1 V
(157)
Adam dingin.
Adam
Adam
dingin
cold
‘Adam is cold.’
BE COLD a Coding frame:
1 V
(158)
Apinya nyala.
Api-nya
fire-ASSOC
nyala
burn
‘The fire is burning.’
BURN a Coding frame:
1 V
(159)
Dalan penuhin mobil (ma gas).
Dalan
Dalan
penuh-in
fill-G.APPL
mobil
car
‘Dalan filled the car (with gas).’
FILL a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(160)
Dalan masuk barangnya ke mobil.
Dalan
Dalan
masuk
enter
barang-nya
thing-ASSOC
ke
to
mobil
car
‘Dalan loaded his things into the car.’
LOAD a Coding frame:
1 V 2 ke+3
(161)
Dalan tunjukin gue tangannya.
Dalan
Dalan
tunjuk-in
point-G.APPL
gue
1sg.fam
tangan-nya
hand-ASSOC
‘Dalan showed me his hand.’
SHOW the Verb form tunjukin
(162)
Erni patahin balpoin gue.
Erni
Erni
patah-in
break-G.APPL
balpoin
pen
gue
1sg.fam
‘Erni broke my pen.’
BREAK a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(163)
Nadia omong kita mendingan pergi.
Nadia
Nadia
omong
say
kita
1pl
mending-an
better-COMP
pergi
go
‘Nadia said it would be best if we go.’
SAY a Coding frame:
1 V (UTT2)
(164)
Ririn minta duit ke Tessa.
Ririn
Ririn
minta
ask.for
duit
money
ke
to
Tessa
Tessa
‘Ririn asked Tessa for money.’
ASK FOR an Alternation:
Bare Allative
(165)
Betty seneng masakan padang.
Betty
Betty
seneng
like
masak-an
cook-NMLZ
padang
Padang
‘Betty likes Padang food.’
LIKE a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(166)
Rumah lagi kebakar.
Rumah
house
lagi
PROG
ke-bakar
NONVOL-burn
‘The house is burning.’
BURN (tr) an Alternation:
Accidental Passive
(167)
Gue dipanggil Tom.
gue
1sg.fam
di-panggil
G.PASS-call
Tom
Tom
‘I am called Tom. / I was called by Tom.’
BE NAMED a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(168)
Gue panggil dia Mak.
gue
1sg.fam
panggil
call
dia
3sg
Mak
mother
‘I call her mom.’
BE NAMED an Alternation:
Ditransitive Alternation
(169)
Singgih dengarin lagu itu terus.
Singgih
Singgih
dengar-in
hear-G.APPL
lagu
song
itu
that
terus
continue
‘Singgih listened to that song endlessly.’
HEAR an Alternation:
Bare Applicative Transitive
(170)
Nadia kupas mangga.
Nadia
Nadia
kupas
peel
mangga
mango
‘Nadia pealed a mango.’
PEEL the Verb form kupas
(171)
Dalan kulitin ayamnya.
Dalan
Dalan
kulit-in
skin-G.APPL
ayam-nya
chicken-ASSOC
‘Dalan skinned the chicken.’
PEEL a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(172)
Dalan cukur kumisnya.
Dalan
Dalan
cukur
shave
kumis-nya
moustache-ASSOC
‘Dalan shaved his moustache.’
SHAVE (a body part/person) a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(173)
Anak lagi main.
anak
child
lagi
PROG
main
play
‘The children are playing.’
PLAY the Verb form main
(174)
Hillary naik gunung Everest.
Hillary
Hillary
naik
climb
gunung
mount
Everest
Everest
‘Hillary climbed Mt. Everest.’
CLIMB a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(175)
Nadia mau ketemu Tomo besok.
Nadia
Nadia
mau
want
ke-temu
NONVOL-meet
Tomo
Tomo
besok
tomorrow
‘Nadia wants to meet Tomo tomorrow.’
MEET an Alternation:
Accidental Passive
(176)
Dalan ketakutan.
Dalan
Dalan
ke.an-takut
ADVERS-fear
‘Dalan got scared.’
FEAR an Alternation:
Adversative Passive
(177)
Tessa kecolongan.
Tessa
Tessa
ke.an-colong
ADVERS-steal
‘Tessa was robbed.’
STEAL an Alternation:
Adversative Passive
(178)
Kita bicarain soal itu.
kita
1pl
bicara-in
speak-G.APPL
soal
matter
itu
that
‘We discussed that issue.’
TALK an Alternation:
Bare Applicative Transitive
(179)
Anjing dibunuh.
Anjing
dog
di-bunuh
G.PASS-kill
‘The dog was killed.’
KILL an Alternation:
Impersonal Passive
(180)
Gue kirimin surat buat Erni.
gue
1sg.fam
kirim-in
send-G.APPL
surat
letter
buat
for
Erni
Erni
‘I sent the letters for Erni.’
SEND an Alternation:
Applicative Benefactive
(181)
Nadia dibawain kado ama Erni.
Nadia
Nadia
di-bawa-in
G.PASS-carry-G.APPL
kado
gift
ama
with
Erni
Erni
‘Nadia was brought a gift by Erni.’
BRING an Alternation:
Oblique subject Passive Applicative Ditransitive Agentive by-phrase
(182)
Gue dimintain duit ama adik.
gue
1sg.fam
di-minta-in
G.PASS-ask.for-G.APPL
duit
money
ama
by
adik
younger.sibling
‘My little sister asked me for money. /Lit. From me was asked for money by my little sister.’
ASK FOR an Alternation:
Oblique subject Passive Applicative Ditransitive Agentive by-phrase
(183)
Brad ngebantuin Erni masak sarapan.
Brad
Brad
nge-bantu-in
G.ACT-help-G.APPL
Erni
Erni
masak
cook
sarapan
breakfast
‘Brad helped Erni cook breakfast.’
HELP the Verb form bantu
(184)
Belom kering.
belom
not.yet
kering
dry
‘It's not dry yet.’
BE DRY an Alternation:
No argument stative
(185)
Tutup pake apa?
tutup
cover
pake
with
apa
what
‘What do you want to cover her with?’
COVER an Alternation:
Bare Instrumental