Bare Applicative Transitive C

Description

A V-in P
The applicative marker serves a number of functions in the language. Most broadly, it serves to highlight or focus a non-A/S (agent, actor, experiencer) argument. In some cases, it acts to licence a transitive object, as in ex. 26 where the basic form of the verb is intranstive 'closed', and the form with the applicative yields the transitive 'close/cover s.t.'
for Derived CF
Verb meaning Verb form Occurs Basic Coding frame Derived Coding frame
COVER tutup R
(140)
Erni
Erni
tutup
cover
kepala-nya
head-ASSOC
pake
INST
jilbab
headscarf
‘Erni covers her head with a headscarf.’
LOAD taro N
(42)
John
John
taro
put
buku-nya
book-ASSOC
di
LOC
meja
table
‘John put the book on the table.’
PEEL kulitin N
(171)
Dalan
Dalan
kulit-in
skin-G.APPL
ayam-nya
chicken-ASSOC
‘Dalan skinned the chicken.’
WANT pengen N
(133)
Vitto
Vitto
pengen
want
baso
meatball
‘Vitto wants (some) meatballs.’
SMELL cium N
(134)
pacar-nya
boy/girlfriend-ASSOC
n-(c)yium
G.ACT-smell
bau
odor
badan-nya
body-ASSOC
‘His girlfriend smelled his body odor.’
DRESS pakein N
(152)
Nadia
Nadia
pake-in
use-G.APPL
baju
clothes
ke
to
anak
child
‘Nadia dresses her child.’
BUILD bangun R
(16)
Tomo
Tomo
m-bangun
G.ACT-build
kos~kos-an
RED~rental.room-NMLZ
‘Tomo's building some rooms for rent.’
(66)
Dalan
Dalan
bangun
build
rumah
house
‘Dalan built a house.’
PLAY main R
(135)
Erni
Erni
main
play
sinetron
soap.opera
‘Erni appears in a soap opera.’
BE DRY kering R
(94)
baju-nya
clothing-ASSOC
kering
dry
‘The item of clothing is dry.’
LEAVE berangkat N
(53)
Dalan
Dalan
berangkat
leave
‘Dalan left.’
FILL isi R
(55)
Nadia
Nadia
isi
fill
aer
water
ke
to
gentong
earthen.pitcher
‘Nadia filled the earthen pitcher with water.’
TIE ikat R
(141)
Dalan
Dalan
ikat
tie
rambut
hair
‘Dalan tied his hair.’
POUR tuang N
(56)
Erni
Erni
tuang
pour
aer
water
ke
to
gelas
glass
‘Erni poured the water into the glass.’
THROW lempar N
(40)
gue
1sg.fam
lempar
throw
batu
stone
ke
to
Tim
Tim
‘I threw a rock to Tim.’
BRING bawa N
(57)
gue
1sg.fam
bawa
carry
ember
basin
‘I brought the basin.’
SEND kirim N
(142)
Betty
Betty
kirim
send
gue
1sg.fam
duit
money
‘Betty sent me money.’
GIVE kasi N
(6)
gua
1sg.fam
kasi
give
dia
3sg
buku
book
‘I gave him a book.’
(29)
gue
1sg.fam
ng-(k)asi
G.ACT-give
dia
3sg
buku
book
‘I gave him a book.’
GET (= obtain) dapet N
(138)
Tim
Tim
dapet
get
coklat
chocolate
‘Tim got chocolate(s).’
STEAL colong R
(143)
Adam
Adam
colong
steal
anjing
dog
‘Adam stole a dog.’
HIDE umpetin N
(144)
Betty
Betty
umpet-in
hide-G.APPL
dompet
wallet
di
LOC
lemari
cupboard
‘Betty hid the wallet in the cupboard.’
TEAR sobek R
(145)
Nadia
Nadia
sobek
tear
baju-nya
clothes-ASSOC
‘Nadia tears her clothes.’
WIPE lap R
(98)
Dalan
Dalan
lap
rag
meja-nya
table-ASSOC
‘Dalan wiped the table.’
CUT potong N
(99)
Nadia
Nadia
potong
cut
mangga
mango
pake
INST
piso
knife
‘Nadia cut the mango with a knife.’
(146)
Adam
Adam
potong
cut
kue-nya
cake-ASSOC
‘Adam cut the cake.’
TOUCH sentuh N
(62)
Dalan
Dalan
ny-(s)entuh
G.ACT-touch
pacar-nya
boy/girlfriend-ASSOC
‘Dalan touched his girlfriend.’
BEAT pukul R
(63)
Erni
Erni
pukul
hit
meja
table
‘Erni hit the table.’
DIE mati N
(64)
kucing-nya
cat-ASSOC
mati
die
‘The cat died.’
BREAK pecahin N
(27)
Dalan
Dalan
m-(p)ecah-in
G.ACT-break-G.APPL
gelas
glass
‘Dalan broke the glass.’
(148)
Erni
Erni
pecah-in
break-G.APPL
hati-ku
liver-1sg
‘Erni broke my heart.’
SAY bilang N
(67)
Nadia
Nadia
bilang
say
ke
to
Dalan
Dalan
dia
3sg
udah
PFCT
pergi
go
‘Nadia told Dalan she already left.’
SCREAM teriak R
(54)
Tomo
Tomo
teriak
shout
‘Tomo shouted.’
TELL cerita N
(68)
Dalan
Dalan
cerita
tell
ke
to
Erni
Erni
soal
about
rencana
plan
pernikahan-nya
wedding-ASSOC
‘Dalan told Erni about his wedding plan.’
TALK bicara R
(100)
Jono
Jono
bicara
talk
ama
with
Betty
Betty
soal
about
gaji-nya
salary-ASSOC
‘Jono talked to Betty about her salary.’
KNOW kenal N
(69)
Erni
Erni
kenal
know
istri-nya
wife-ASSOC
pak
TRU.father
John
John
‘Erni knew John's wife.’
LOOK AT liat R
(70)
Dalan
Dalan
liat
see
setan
evil.spirit
‘Dalan saw a ghost.’
FEAR takut N
(71)
Dalan
Dalan
takut
afraid
kecoak
cockroach
‘Dalan was afraid of a cockroach.’
LIKE suka N
(72)
Erni
Erni
suka
like
coklat
chocolate
‘Erni likes chocolate.’
SEARCH FOR cari N
(73)
Erni
Erni
cari
look.for
buku-nya
book-ASSOC
‘Erni looked for her book.’
MEET ketemu R
(74)
Dalan
Dalan
ketemu
meet
Tom
Tom
‘Dalan met Tom.’
FOLLOW ikut R
(75)
gue
1sg.fam
ikut
follow
outing
outing
‘I attended an outing.’
(150)
gue
1sg.fam
ikut
follow
Dalan
Dalan
‘I followed Dalan.’
HELP tolong M
(101)
Dalan
Dalan
tolong
help
Nadia
Nadia
ama
with
PR-nya
homework-ASSOC
‘Dalan helped Nadia with her homework.’
(151)
Erni
Erni
tolong
help
Dalan
Dalan
‘Erni helped Dalan.’
EAT makan R
(76)
gua
1sg.fam
makan
eat
roti
bread
‘I ate bread.’
WASH mandiin N
(153)
Dalan
Dalan
mandi-in
wash-G.APPL
nenek-nya
grandmother-ASSOC
‘Dalan bathes his grandmother.’
COUGH batuk N
(79)
Dalan
Dalan
batuk
cough
‘Dalan coughs.’
SIT duduk R
(80)
Erni
Erni
duduk
sit
di
LOC
lantai
floor
‘Erni is sitting on the floor.’
RUN lari N
(81)
Dalan
Dalan
lari
run
‘Dalan is running.’
JUMP loncat R
(82)
Tom
Tom
loncat
jump
‘Tom jumped.’
GO pergi N
(20)
gue
1sg.fam
pergi
go
‘I go.’
SING nyanyi R
(155)
Dalan
Dalan
lagi
PROG
nyanyi
sing
‘Dalan is singing.’
LIVE tinggal (1) R
(84)
gua
1sg.fam
tinggal
live
di
LOC
Jakarta
Jakarta
‘I live in Jakarta.’
APPEAR muncul N
(85)
Tessa
Tessa
muncul
appear
dari
from
goa
cave
‘Tessa appeared from within the cave.’
BE ILL sakit R
(86)
Tom
Tom
sakit
sick
‘Tom is sick.’
FALL jatoh R
(87)
hp-nya
cellphone-ASSOC
jatoh
fall
‘The cellphone fell.’
BE COLD dingin R
(88)
hawa-nya
air-ASSOC
dingin
cold
‘The air is cold.’
(157)
Adam
Adam
dingin
cold
‘Adam is cold.’
BE HUNGRY laper N
(89)
anak-nya
child-ASSOC
laper
hungry
‘The child is hungry.’
RAIN ujan N
(19)
ujan
rain
‘It's raining.’
BLINK ng(k)edip R
(90)
mata-nya
eye-ASSOC
ng-edip
G.ACT-blink
‘His/her eye blinked.’
CRY n(t)angis R
(18)
Erni
Erni
n-(t)angis
G.ACT-cry
‘Erni's crying.’
ROLL gelinding R
(91)
bola-nya
ball-ASSOC
ng-gelinding
G.ACT-roll
‘The ball rolled.’
BURN nyala R
(158)
Api-nya
fire-ASSOC
nyala
burn
‘The fire is burning.’
SINK tenggelem N
(93)
kapal-nya
ship-ASSOC
tenggelem
sink
‘The ship sank.’
BE A HUNTER pemburu N
(95)
Dalan
Dalan
pemburu
hunter
‘Dalan is a hunter.’
BE SAD sedih N
(96)
gue
1sg.fam
sedih
sad
‘I'm sad.’
FILL penuhin N
(159)
Dalan
Dalan
penuh-in
fill-G.APPL
mobil
car
‘Dalan filled the car (with gas).’
LOAD masuk R
(160)
Dalan
Dalan
masuk
enter
barang-nya
thing-ASSOC
ke
to
mobil
car
‘Dalan loaded his things into the car.’
SHOW tunjukin N
(103)
anak-nya
child-ASSOC
n-(t)unjuk-in
G.ACT-show-G.APPL
hasil
result
ujian-nya
test-ASSOC
ke
to
ortu-nya
parent-ASSOC
‘The child showed her test results to her parents.’
STEAL curi N
(104)
Tessa
Tessa
n-(c)yuri
G.ACT-steal
duit-nya
money-ASSOC
dari
from
dompet
wallet
Betty
Betty
‘Tessa stole money from Betty's wallet.’
TOUCH colok R
(105)
Jono
Jono
n-(c)yolok
G.ACT-touch
kabel
cable
‘Jono plugged in the cable.’
HIT gebuk R
(106)
Dalan
Dalan
gebuk
hit
anjing-nya
dog-ASSOC
‘Dalan hit the dog.’
KILL bunuh R
(107)
Nadia
Nadia
bunuh
kill
anjing
dog
‘Nadia killed the dog.’
BREAK patahin N
(108)
Erni
Erni
m-(p)atah-in
G.ACT-break-G.APPL
peng-garis
pen-line
‘Erni broke her ruler.’
(162)
Erni
Erni
patah-in
break-G.APPL
balpoin
pen
gue
1sg.fam
‘Erni broke my pen.’
SAY omong R
(109)
Tom
Tom
lagi
PROG
ng-omong
G.ACT-talk
‘Tom is talking.’
(163)
Nadia
Nadia
omong
say
kita
1pl
mending-an
better-COMP
pergi
go
‘Nadia said it would be best if we go.’
TELL kasitahu N
(110)
Erni
Erni
kasitahu
tell
Tom
Tom
rencana
plan
outing
outing
‘Erni told Tom the plan for the outing.’
ASK FOR minta R
(111)
Ririn
Ririn
minta
ask.for
duit
money
‘Ririn asked for money.’
LIKE seneng R
(165)
Betty
Betty
seneng
like
masak-an
cook-NMLZ
padang
Padang
‘Betty likes Padang food.’
HELP bantu R
(113)
Erni
Erni
bantu
help
mama-nya
mother-ASSOC
‘Erni helps her mother.’
CLIMB panjat N
(114)
Dalan
Dalan
panjat
climb
pinang
betel.palm
‘Dalan climbed the betel tree.’
JUMP lompat R
(115)
Erni
Erni
lompat
jump
‘Erni is jumping (up and down).’
APPEAR nongol R
(116)
kepala-nya
head-ASSOC
nongol
appear
‘Her head appeared (from the window). / Her head was sticking out.’
WASH cuci R
(117)
pem-bantu
AGNMLZ-help
cuci
wash
baju
clothes
‘The maid washes the clothes.’
TOUCH pegang R
(118)
Erni
Erni
pegang
hold
tangan-nya
hand-ASSOC
anak-nya
child-ASSOC
‘Erni held her child's hand.’
BURN (tr) bakar R
(15)
Nadia
Nadia
bakar
burn
ikan
fish
‘Nadia's grilling fish.’
BE NAMED panggil R
(167)
gue
1sg.fam
di-panggil
G.PASS-call
Tom
Tom
‘I am called Tom. / I was called by Tom.’
COOK masak R
(120)
Erni
Erni
masak
cook
mie
noodle
‘Erni cooks noodles.’
DIG gali R
(121)
tukang
worker
gali
dig
kubur-an
grave-NMLZ
‘The worker dug the grave.’
GRIND giling R
(122)
pe-tani
AGNMLZ-farm
giling
grind
padi
rice
‘The farmer grinds the rice.’
HEAR dengar R
(123)
Singgih
Singgih
dengar
hear
suara
voice
orang
person
‘Singgih heard someone's voice.’
HUG peluk R
(124)
Dalan
Dalan
peluk
hug
pacar-nya
boy/girlfriend-ASSOC
‘Dalan was hugging his girlfriend.’
LAUGH ketawa R
(125)
Dalan
Dalan
ketawa
laugh
‘Dalan was laughing.’
MAKE bikin N
(126)
Erni
Erni
bikin
make
PR-nya
homework-ASSOC
‘Erni was doing her homework.’
PEEL kupas R
(127)
Nadia
Nadia
ng-(k)upas
G.ACT-peel
mangga
mango
‘Nadia is peeling a mango.’
PUSH dorong R
(129)
Erni
Erni
dorong
push
mobil
car
‘Erni was pushing the car.’
GET terima N
(130)
bos
boss
terima
receive
kuitansi
receipt
‘The boss got the receipt.’
SHAVE (a body part/person) cukur R
(172)
Dalan
Dalan
cukur
shave
kumis-nya
moustache-ASSOC
‘Dalan shaved his moustache.’
TAKE ambil R
(14)
Dalan
Dalan
ng-ambil
G.ACT-take
duit
money
dari
from
dompet
wallet
Betty
Betty
‘Dalan took money from Betty's wallet.’
TEACH ajar N
(49)
Erni
Erni
ng-ajar
G.ACT-teach
matematika
math
‘Erni teaches math.’
THINK pikir R
(132)
Nadia
Nadia
lagi
PROG
m-(p)ikir
G.ACT-think
‘Nadia is thinking.’
BOIL mendidih N
(52)
aer-nya
water-ASSOC
mendidih
boil
‘The water is boiling.’
CLIMB naik R
(174)
Hillary
Hillary
naik
climb
gunung
mount
Everest
Everest
‘Hillary climbed Mt. Everest.’
MEET temu R
(51)
Dalan
Dalan
n-(t)emu
G.ACT-meet
duit
money
‘Dalan found (some) money.’
KILL matiin N
(147)
Dalan
Dalan
mati-in
kill-G.APPL
lampu
light
‘Dalan killed the lights.’
FRIGHTEN takutin N
(149)
dalan
Dalan
takut-in
fear-G.APPL
Erni
Erni
‘Dalan frightened Erni.’
DIE tinggal (2) R
(156)
Ibu
mother
Dalan
Dalan
baru
just
men-(t)inggal
G.ACT-live
‘Dalan's mother just died.’