No argument stative U

Description

This alternation reduces the valency of certain intransitive verbs, only the argumentless verb is left. Applies to weather verbs and the like.
for Derived CF
Verb meaning Verb form Occurs Basic Coding frame Derived Coding frame
RAIN ujan N
(19)
ujan
rain
‘It's raining.’
LOAD taro N
(42)
John
John
taro
put
buku-nya
book-ASSOC
di
LOC
meja
table
‘John put the book on the table.’
COVER tutup N
(140)
Erni
Erni
tutup
cover
kepala-nya
head-ASSOC
pake
INST
jilbab
headscarf
‘Erni covers her head with a headscarf.’
FILL isi N
(55)
Nadia
Nadia
isi
fill
aer
water
ke
to
gentong
earthen.pitcher
‘Nadia filled the earthen pitcher with water.’
TIE ikat N
(141)
Dalan
Dalan
ikat
tie
rambut
hair
‘Dalan tied his hair.’
POUR tuang N
(56)
Erni
Erni
tuang
pour
aer
water
ke
to
gelas
glass
‘Erni poured the water into the glass.’
THROW lempar N
(40)
gue
1sg.fam
lempar
throw
batu
stone
ke
to
Tim
Tim
‘I threw a rock to Tim.’
BRING bawa N
(57)
gue
1sg.fam
bawa
carry
ember
basin
‘I brought the basin.’
SEND kirim N
(142)
Betty
Betty
kirim
send
gue
1sg.fam
duit
money
‘Betty sent me money.’
GIVE kasi N
(6)
gua
1sg.fam
kasi
give
dia
3sg
buku
book
‘I gave him a book.’
(29)
gue
1sg.fam
ng-(k)asi
G.ACT-give
dia
3sg
buku
book
‘I gave him a book.’
GET (= obtain) dapet N
(138)
Tim
Tim
dapet
get
coklat
chocolate
‘Tim got chocolate(s).’
STEAL colong N
(143)
Adam
Adam
colong
steal
anjing
dog
‘Adam stole a dog.’
HIDE umpetin N
(144)
Betty
Betty
umpet-in
hide-G.APPL
dompet
wallet
di
LOC
lemari
cupboard
‘Betty hid the wallet in the cupboard.’
TEAR sobek N
(145)
Nadia
Nadia
sobek
tear
baju-nya
clothes-ASSOC
‘Nadia tears her clothes.’
WIPE lap N
(98)
Dalan
Dalan
lap
rag
meja-nya
table-ASSOC
‘Dalan wiped the table.’
CUT potong N
(99)
Nadia
Nadia
potong
cut
mangga
mango
pake
INST
piso
knife
‘Nadia cut the mango with a knife.’
(146)
Adam
Adam
potong
cut
kue-nya
cake-ASSOC
‘Adam cut the cake.’
TOUCH sentuh N
(62)
Dalan
Dalan
ny-(s)entuh
G.ACT-touch
pacar-nya
boy/girlfriend-ASSOC
‘Dalan touched his girlfriend.’
BEAT pukul N
(63)
Erni
Erni
pukul
hit
meja
table
‘Erni hit the table.’
DIE mati N
(64)
kucing-nya
cat-ASSOC
mati
die
‘The cat died.’
BREAK pecahin N
(27)
Dalan
Dalan
m-(p)ecah-in
G.ACT-break-G.APPL
gelas
glass
‘Dalan broke the glass.’
(148)
Erni
Erni
pecah-in
break-G.APPL
hati-ku
liver-1sg
‘Erni broke my heart.’
BUILD bangun N
(16)
Tomo
Tomo
m-bangun
G.ACT-build
kos~kos-an
RED~rental.room-NMLZ
‘Tomo's building some rooms for rent.’
(66)
Dalan
Dalan
bangun
build
rumah
house
‘Dalan built a house.’
SAY bilang N
(67)
Nadia
Nadia
bilang
say
ke
to
Dalan
Dalan
dia
3sg
udah
PFCT
pergi
go
‘Nadia told Dalan she already left.’
SCREAM teriak
(54)
Tomo
Tomo
teriak
shout
‘Tomo shouted.’
TELL cerita N
(68)
Dalan
Dalan
cerita
tell
ke
to
Erni
Erni
soal
about
rencana
plan
pernikahan-nya
wedding-ASSOC
‘Dalan told Erni about his wedding plan.’
TALK bicara N
(100)
Jono
Jono
bicara
talk
ama
with
Betty
Betty
soal
about
gaji-nya
salary-ASSOC
‘Jono talked to Betty about her salary.’
KNOW kenal N
(69)
Erni
Erni
kenal
know
istri-nya
wife-ASSOC
pak
TRU.father
John
John
‘Erni knew John's wife.’
LOOK AT liat N
(70)
Dalan
Dalan
liat
see
setan
evil.spirit
‘Dalan saw a ghost.’
FEAR takut N
(71)
Dalan
Dalan
takut
afraid
kecoak
cockroach
‘Dalan was afraid of a cockroach.’
LIKE suka N
(72)
Erni
Erni
suka
like
coklat
chocolate
‘Erni likes chocolate.’
SEARCH FOR cari N
(73)
Erni
Erni
cari
look.for
buku-nya
book-ASSOC
‘Erni looked for her book.’
MEET ketemu N
(74)
Dalan
Dalan
ketemu
meet
Tom
Tom
‘Dalan met Tom.’
FOLLOW ikut N
(75)
gue
1sg.fam
ikut
follow
outing
outing
‘I attended an outing.’
(150)
gue
1sg.fam
ikut
follow
Dalan
Dalan
‘I followed Dalan.’
HELP tolong N
(101)
Dalan
Dalan
tolong
help
Nadia
Nadia
ama
with
PR-nya
homework-ASSOC
‘Dalan helped Nadia with her homework.’
(151)
Erni
Erni
tolong
help
Dalan
Dalan
‘Erni helped Dalan.’
EAT makan N
(76)
gua
1sg.fam
makan
eat
roti
bread
‘I ate bread.’
DRESS pakein N
(152)
Nadia
Nadia
pake-in
use-G.APPL
baju
clothes
ke
to
anak
child
‘Nadia dresses her child.’
WASH mandiin N
(153)
Dalan
Dalan
mandi-in
wash-G.APPL
nenek-nya
grandmother-ASSOC
‘Dalan bathes his grandmother.’
COUGH batuk N
(79)
Dalan
Dalan
batuk
cough
‘Dalan coughs.’
SIT duduk N
(80)
Erni
Erni
duduk
sit
di
LOC
lantai
floor
‘Erni is sitting on the floor.’
RUN lari N
(81)
Dalan
Dalan
lari
run
‘Dalan is running.’
JUMP loncat N
(82)
Tom
Tom
loncat
jump
‘Tom jumped.’
GO pergi N
(20)
gue
1sg.fam
pergi
go
‘I go.’
SING nyanyi N
(155)
Dalan
Dalan
lagi
PROG
nyanyi
sing
‘Dalan is singing.’
LIVE tinggal (1) N
(84)
gua
1sg.fam
tinggal
live
di
LOC
Jakarta
Jakarta
‘I live in Jakarta.’
APPEAR muncul N
(85)
Tessa
Tessa
muncul
appear
dari
from
goa
cave
‘Tessa appeared from within the cave.’
BE ILL sakit N
(86)
Tom
Tom
sakit
sick
‘Tom is sick.’
FALL jatoh N
(87)
hp-nya
cellphone-ASSOC
jatoh
fall
‘The cellphone fell.’
BE COLD dingin R
(88)
hawa-nya
air-ASSOC
dingin
cold
‘The air is cold.’
(157)
Adam
Adam
dingin
cold
‘Adam is cold.’
BE HUNGRY laper N
(89)
anak-nya
child-ASSOC
laper
hungry
‘The child is hungry.’
BLINK ng(k)edip N
(90)
mata-nya
eye-ASSOC
ng-edip
G.ACT-blink
‘His/her eye blinked.’
CRY n(t)angis N
(18)
Erni
Erni
n-(t)angis
G.ACT-cry
‘Erni's crying.’
ROLL gelinding N
(91)
bola-nya
ball-ASSOC
ng-gelinding
G.ACT-roll
‘The ball rolled.’
BURN nyala N
(158)
Api-nya
fire-ASSOC
nyala
burn
‘The fire is burning.’
SINK tenggelem N
(93)
kapal-nya
ship-ASSOC
tenggelem
sink
‘The ship sank.’
BE DRY kering R
(94)
baju-nya
clothing-ASSOC
kering
dry
‘The item of clothing is dry.’
BE A HUNTER pemburu N
(95)
Dalan
Dalan
pemburu
hunter
‘Dalan is a hunter.’
BE SAD sedih N
(96)
gue
1sg.fam
sedih
sad
‘I'm sad.’
FILL penuhin N
(159)
Dalan
Dalan
penuh-in
fill-G.APPL
mobil
car
‘Dalan filled the car (with gas).’
LOAD masuk N
(160)
Dalan
Dalan
masuk
enter
barang-nya
thing-ASSOC
ke
to
mobil
car
‘Dalan loaded his things into the car.’
SHOW tunjukin N
(103)
anak-nya
child-ASSOC
n-(t)unjuk-in
G.ACT-show-G.APPL
hasil
result
ujian-nya
test-ASSOC
ke
to
ortu-nya
parent-ASSOC
‘The child showed her test results to her parents.’
STEAL curi N
(104)
Tessa
Tessa
n-(c)yuri
G.ACT-steal
duit-nya
money-ASSOC
dari
from
dompet
wallet
Betty
Betty
‘Tessa stole money from Betty's wallet.’
TOUCH colok N
(105)
Jono
Jono
n-(c)yolok
G.ACT-touch
kabel
cable
‘Jono plugged in the cable.’
HIT gebuk N
(106)
Dalan
Dalan
gebuk
hit
anjing-nya
dog-ASSOC
‘Dalan hit the dog.’
KILL bunuh N
(107)
Nadia
Nadia
bunuh
kill
anjing
dog
‘Nadia killed the dog.’
BREAK patahin N
(108)
Erni
Erni
m-(p)atah-in
G.ACT-break-G.APPL
peng-garis
pen-line
‘Erni broke her ruler.’
(162)
Erni
Erni
patah-in
break-G.APPL
balpoin
pen
gue
1sg.fam
‘Erni broke my pen.’
SAY omong N
(109)
Tom
Tom
lagi
PROG
ng-omong
G.ACT-talk
‘Tom is talking.’
(163)
Nadia
Nadia
omong
say
kita
1pl
mending-an
better-COMP
pergi
go
‘Nadia said it would be best if we go.’
TELL kasitahu N
(110)
Erni
Erni
kasitahu
tell
Tom
Tom
rencana
plan
outing
outing
‘Erni told Tom the plan for the outing.’
ASK FOR minta N
(111)
Ririn
Ririn
minta
ask.for
duit
money
‘Ririn asked for money.’
LIKE seneng N
(165)
Betty
Betty
seneng
like
masak-an
cook-NMLZ
padang
Padang
‘Betty likes Padang food.’
HELP bantu N
(113)
Erni
Erni
bantu
help
mama-nya
mother-ASSOC
‘Erni helps her mother.’
CLIMB panjat N
(114)
Dalan
Dalan
panjat
climb
pinang
betel.palm
‘Dalan climbed the betel tree.’
JUMP lompat N
(115)
Erni
Erni
lompat
jump
‘Erni is jumping (up and down).’
APPEAR nongol N
(116)
kepala-nya
head-ASSOC
nongol
appear
‘Her head appeared (from the window). / Her head was sticking out.’
WASH cuci N
(117)
pem-bantu
AGNMLZ-help
cuci
wash
baju
clothes
‘The maid washes the clothes.’
TOUCH pegang N
(118)
Erni
Erni
pegang
hold
tangan-nya
hand-ASSOC
anak-nya
child-ASSOC
‘Erni held her child's hand.’
BURN (tr) bakar N
(15)
Nadia
Nadia
bakar
burn
ikan
fish
‘Nadia's grilling fish.’
BE NAMED panggil N
(167)
gue
1sg.fam
di-panggil
G.PASS-call
Tom
Tom
‘I am called Tom. / I was called by Tom.’
COOK masak N
(120)
Erni
Erni
masak
cook
mie
noodle
‘Erni cooks noodles.’
DIG gali N
(121)
tukang
worker
gali
dig
kubur-an
grave-NMLZ
‘The worker dug the grave.’
GRIND giling N
(122)
pe-tani
AGNMLZ-farm
giling
grind
padi
rice
‘The farmer grinds the rice.’
HEAR dengar N
(123)
Singgih
Singgih
dengar
hear
suara
voice
orang
person
‘Singgih heard someone's voice.’
HUG peluk N
(124)
Dalan
Dalan
peluk
hug
pacar-nya
boy/girlfriend-ASSOC
‘Dalan was hugging his girlfriend.’
LAUGH ketawa N
(125)
Dalan
Dalan
ketawa
laugh
‘Dalan was laughing.’
MAKE bikin N
(126)
Erni
Erni
bikin
make
PR-nya
homework-ASSOC
‘Erni was doing her homework.’
PEEL kupas N
(127)
Nadia
Nadia
ng-(k)upas
G.ACT-peel
mangga
mango
‘Nadia is peeling a mango.’
PEEL kulitin N
(171)
Dalan
Dalan
kulit-in
skin-G.APPL
ayam-nya
chicken-ASSOC
‘Dalan skinned the chicken.’
PUSH dorong N
(129)
Erni
Erni
dorong
push
mobil
car
‘Erni was pushing the car.’
GET terima N
(130)
bos
boss
terima
receive
kuitansi
receipt
‘The boss got the receipt.’
SHAVE (a body part/person) cukur N
(172)
Dalan
Dalan
cukur
shave
kumis-nya
moustache-ASSOC
‘Dalan shaved his moustache.’
TAKE ambil N
(14)
Dalan
Dalan
ng-ambil
G.ACT-take
duit
money
dari
from
dompet
wallet
Betty
Betty
‘Dalan took money from Betty's wallet.’
TEACH ajar N
(49)
Erni
Erni
ng-ajar
G.ACT-teach
matematika
math
‘Erni teaches math.’
THINK pikir N
(132)
Nadia
Nadia
lagi
PROG
m-(p)ikir
G.ACT-think
‘Nadia is thinking.’
WANT pengen N
(133)
Vitto
Vitto
pengen
want
baso
meatball
‘Vitto wants (some) meatballs.’
SMELL cium N
(134)
pacar-nya
boy/girlfriend-ASSOC
n-(c)yium
G.ACT-smell
bau
odor
badan-nya
body-ASSOC
‘His girlfriend smelled his body odor.’
PLAY main N
(135)
Erni
Erni
main
play
sinetron
soap.opera
‘Erni appears in a soap opera.’
LEAVE berangkat N
(53)
Dalan
Dalan
berangkat
leave
‘Dalan left.’
BOIL mendidih N
(52)
aer-nya
water-ASSOC
mendidih
boil
‘The water is boiling.’
CLIMB naik N
(174)
Hillary
Hillary
naik
climb
gunung
mount
Everest
Everest
‘Hillary climbed Mt. Everest.’
MEET temu N
(51)
Dalan
Dalan
n-(t)emu
G.ACT-meet
duit
money
‘Dalan found (some) money.’
KILL matiin N
(147)
Dalan
Dalan
mati-in
kill-G.APPL
lampu
light
‘Dalan killed the lights.’
FRIGHTEN takutin N
(149)
dalan
Dalan
takut-in
fear-G.APPL
Erni
Erni
‘Dalan frightened Erni.’
DIE tinggal (2) N
(156)
Ibu
mother
Dalan
Dalan
baru
just
men-(t)inggal
G.ACT-live
‘Dalan's mother just died.’