essere malato

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In the impersonal reflexive pattern the predicate (i.e., the adjective) is in the plural, reflecting the general rule whereby in the impersonal construction the nominal part of the predicate (adjective/noun/past participle of unaccusatives) is in the plural (Salvi 1988, Cennamo 2011b)

Coding frame

Verb type: COP A

Example

(457)
Luca era malato.
Luca
Luke
er-a
be.IMPF-3SG
malat-o
ill-M.SG
‘Luke was ill.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BE ILL Coding set Argument type
1 sick person V.subj S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
R y
(458)
‘One is/We/You/They(indef.) are often ill when one is/we/you/they(indef.) are old.’
U
R n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y