affondare

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(55)
Il capitano ha affondato la nave con le cannonate.
il
ART.DEF.M.SG
capitan-o
captain-M.SG
ha
have.PRS.3SG
affonda-t-o
sink-PP-M.SG
la
ART.DEF.F.SG
nav-e
ship-F.SG
con
with
le
ART.DEF.F.PL
cannonat-e
cannon_shot-F.PL
‘The captain sank the ship by cannonfire.’
(58)
Una tempesta fa affondare la nave.
un-a
ART.INDF-F.SG
tempest-a
storm-F.SG
fa
make.PRS.3SG
affonda-re
sink-INF
la
ART.DEF.F.SG
nav-e
ship-F.SG
‘A storm is sinking the ship.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SINK (tr) Coding set Argument type
1 sink-(caus)er (tr) V.subj A
2 sunken entity (tr) Ø P
3 sinking instrument con+NP I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R y
C
R y
(57)
‘One puts one’s foot /We/You/They (indef.) put our/your/their foot down on the accelerator all too easily.’
U
N n
C
N y
C
M y
(157)
‘The ship is sunk in this way.’
U
N n
C
N y
U
R n
(783)
‘Cannon salvoes sink ships.’
(787)
‘The cannon salvoes have sunk the ship.’
C
N y
C
N y
U
R n
(56)
‘The ship has sunk.’
U
R n
C
N y
C
N y
C
M y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y