essere triste

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In the impersonal form the predicate is in the plural, following the general rule whereby in the impersonal pattern with the reflexive morpheme the nominal form (past participle with unaccusatives, adjectives and nouns) is in the plural.

Coding frame

Verb type: COP A

Example

(409)
Anna è triste da giorni.
Anna
Anne
è
be.PRS.3SG
trist-e
sad-F.SG
da
since
giorn-i
day-M.PL
‘Anne has been sad for days.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BE SAD Coding set Argument type
1 sad person V.subj S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
R y
(410)
‘If one is sad/we/you/they(indef.) are sad, one works/we/you/they(indef.) work badly.’
U
R n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y