cantare

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This verb also allows a transitive structure, although only with a restricted set of objects, namely cognate objects and other arguments whose semantic features are part of the lexical meaning of the verb (lexical solidarity, Coseriu 1971: 309ff.).

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(597)
Anna canta spesso.
Anna
Anne
cant-a
sing-PRS.3SG
spesso
often
‘Anne often sings.’
(374)
Anna canta sempre le sue canzoni preferite.
Anna
Anne
cant-a
sing-PRS.3SG
sempre
always
le
ART.DEF.F.PL
su-e
her-F.PL
canzon-i
song-F.PL
preferit-e
favourite-F.PL
‘Anne always sings her favourite songs.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SING Coding set Argument type
1 singer V.subj S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
M Passive is possible only with the transitive basic coding frame. y
(378)
‘This song used to be sung by soldiers.’
C
N y
C
M Passive is possible only with a transitive basic coding frame. y
(376)
‘This song is sung with pleasure in company.’
U
N n
C
N y
C
R y
(375)
‘The baby is singing the lullaby to himself.’
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
R y
(377)
‘One still sings/We/You/They(indef.) still sing a lot of songs from the past.’
(381)
‘Sometimes one sings/We/You/They(indef.) sing to get rid of melancholy.’
U
R n
(670)
‘Mario had the girl sing (a song).’
(671)
‘Mario made the girl sing a song.’
(672)
‘Mario made the girl sing a song.’
C
N y
C
R y
(380)
‘Sometimes one sings oneself/You/We/You/They(indef.) sing yourself/ourselves/themselves a nursery rhyme to get rid of melancholy.’
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
R y
(379)
‘Anne and Luke always sing a song to each other.’