saltare

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The verb saltare in its intransitive use selects the auxiliary essere 'BE' in compund tenses if the process is bounded (i.e., telic) (e.g., i ragazzi sono saltati in piedi, 'the boys are jumped in foot', 'the boys have stood up' (lit. 'have jumped up'). It selects instead the auxiliary avere 'HAVE' if the process is unbounded, i.e., atelic, the past participle reverting to the unmarked masculine singular form (e.g., i ragazzi hanno saltato sul letto, 'the boys have jumped on the bed').

This verb also allows a transitive structure.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(372)
I bambini saltano tutto il giorno sul letto.
i
ART.DEF.M.PL
bambin-i
child-M.PL
salta-no
jump-PRS.3PL
tutt-o
all-M.SG
il
ART.DEF.M.SG
giorn-o
day-M.SG
su-l
on-ART.DEF.M.SG
lett-o
bed-M.SG
‘The children jump on the bed all day long.’
(373)
Mario saltò la siepe.
Mario
Mario
salt-ò
jump-PST.3SG
la
ART.DEF.F.SG
siep-e
hedge-F.SG
‘Mario jumped over the hedge.’
(591)
Mario è saltato in piedi.
Mario
Mario
è
be.PRS.3SG
salta-t-o
jump-PP-M.SG
in
in
pied-i
foot-M.PL
‘Mario jumped to his feet.’
(744)
Maria è saltata in piedi.
Maria
Mary
è
be.PRS.3SG
salta-t-a
jump-PP-F.SG
in
in
pied-i
foot-M.PL
‘Mary jumped to her feet.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# JUMP Coding set Argument type
1 jumper V.subj S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
M y
(590)
‘The obstacle was easily jumped over by Mario.’
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
R y
(592)
‘One jumps/We/You/They (indef.) jump for training.’
(593)
‘One/We/You/They (indef.) jumped on the bed for hours.’
(594)
‘One/We/You/They (indef.) jumped to one’s/our/your/their feet.’
U
R n
(595)
‘Mark always lets Martha jump on his bed.’
(596)
‘Mark always lets her jump.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y