coprire

show comment

With this verb, the instrumental complement can also be introduced by the preposition di, with co-occurence restrictions on the definiteness of the related nominal.
Ex:
Marco coprì la tavola con fiori / di fiori / *dei fiori.
'Mark covered the table with flowers / of flowers/ *of the flowers.'

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(315)
Anna coprì il pavimento con il telone.
Anna
Anne
copr-ì
cover-PST.3SG
il
ART.DEF.M.SG
paviment-o
floor-M.SG
con
with
un
ART.INDF.M
telon-e
large_piece_of_cloth-M.SG
‘Anne covered the floor with the tarpaulin.’
(337)
Il pavimento va coperto di fiori.
il
ART.DEF.M.SG
paviment-o
floor-M.SG
va
go.PRS.3SG
coper-t-o
cover-PP-M.SG
di
of
fior-i
flower-M.PL
‘The floor is to be covered with flowers.’
(359)
Anna coprì il pavimento di fiori.
Anna
Anne
copr-ì
cover-PST.3SG
il
ART.DEF.M.SG
paviment-o
floor-M.SG
di
of
fior-i
flower-M.PL
‘Anne covered the floor with flowers.’
(785)
Anna copre sempre suo figlio con una coperta.
Anna
Anne
copr-e
cover-PRS.3SG
sempre
always
su-o
her-M.SG
figli-o
son-M.SG
con
with
un-a
ART.INDF-F.SG
copert-a
blanket-F.SG
‘Anne always covers her son with a blanket.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# COVER Coding set Argument type
1 coverer V.subj A
2 covered thing Ø P
3 cover con+NP I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
R y
(320)
‘The floor is covered with flowers.’
C
N y
C
R y
(319)
‘The floor is covered with flowers for a wedding.’
U
N n
C
R y
(505)
‘The lawn got covered with flowers.’
C
R y
(317)
‘Luke covers his head with a woolen hat.’
U
R n
(316)
‘This tarpaulin does not cover well.’
(786)
‘The blanket does not cover the baby well.’
C
N y
C
R y
(506)
‘Anne and Luke are covering each other with the shawl.’
U
N n
C
R y
(321)
‘One covers/We/They (indef.) cover the floor with flowers for the wedding.’
U
R n
C
R y
(318)
‘Mary covered herself with the shawl.’
C
R y
(324)
‘In winter, one wears/we/you/they (indef.) wear warm clothes.’
C
R y
(737)
‘One is/We/You/They (indef.) are covered with a layer of mud.’
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y