dare

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(269)
Anna dà spesso a Luca un regalo.
Anna
Anne
give.PRS.3SG
spesso
often
a
to
Luca
Luke
un
ART.INDF.M
regal-o
gift-M.SG
‘Anne often gives Luke a gift.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# GIVE Coding set Argument type
1 giver V.subj A
2 gift Ø P
3 giving recipient a+NP X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
R y
(272)
‘The pay rise is to be given to deserving workers.’
C
N y
C
R y
(273)
‘The pay rise is given to deserving workers.’
U
N n
C
N y
C
R y
(271)
‘Mark kicked himself accidentally.’
U
N n
C
N y
C
y
U
N n
C
R y
(274)
‘One gives/We/You/They (indef.) give the pay rise to deserving workers.’
U
R n
C
R y
C
R y
(275)
‘One gives oneself/You give yourself/We give ourselves/You give yourselves/They(indef) give themselves a gift / We/You/They give each other gifts.’
C
M y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
R y
(270)
‘Anne and Luke shook hands.’