dire

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(211)
Anna dice sempre la verità a Luca.
Anna
Anne
dic-e
say-PRS.3SG
sempre
always
la
ART.DEF.F.SG
verità
truth.F.SG
a
to
Luca
Luke
‘Anne always tells the truth to Luke.’
(329)
La verità va detta con coraggio.
la
ART.DEF.F.SG
verità
truth.F.SG
va
go.PRS.3SG
dett-a
say.PP-F.SG
con
with
coraggi-o
courage-M.SG
‘Truth is to be said with courage.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SAY Coding set Argument type
1 sayer V.subj A
2 said content Ø P
3 saying addressee a+NP X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
R n
(209)
‘Go ahead and tell me, I’m listening to you.’
C
R y
(216)
‘The truth is said with courage.’
C
N y
C
R y
(215)
‘The truth is to be said with courage.’
U
N n
C
N y
C
R y
(208)
‘Anne told herself a lie.’
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
R y
(214)
‘One tells/We/You/They (indef.) tell the truth to the one one/we/you/they (indef.) love.’
U
R n
C
R y
(210)
‘Luke says he's surprised by what has happened.’
C
R y
(212)
‘If we/you really love each other we/you always tell each other the truth.’
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
R y
(213)
‘Anne and Luke always tell each other the truth.’