pensare

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With this verb, the animate object is always expressed as a prepositional phrase, headed by a 'to'. When the object is inanimate, instead, its prepositional or canonical object encoding reflects the degree of attainment of the verbal process, in a conative-like alternation, with the non-prepositional encoding of P signaling full attainment of the process.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(508)
Mario pensa alla ricompensa.
Mario
Mario
pens-a
think-PRS.3SG
a-lla
to-ART.DEF.F.SG
ricompens-a
recompense-F.SG
‘Mario is thinking about the recompense.’
(165)
Mario ha pensato un piano di attacco.
Mario
Mario
ha
have.PRS.3SG
pensa-t-o
think-PP-M.SG
un
ART.INDF.M
pian-o
plan-M.SG
di
of
attacc-o
attack-M.SG
‘Mario has thought up a plan of attack.’
(367)
Mario pensa ad Anna.
Mario
Mario
pens-a
think-PRS.3SG
ad
to
Anna
Anne
‘Mario is thinking about Anne.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# THINK Coding set Argument type
1 thinker V.subj S
2 thought content a+NP X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
M y
(167)
‘The plan of attack was thought up by the night-time conspirators.’
C
M y
(166)
‘Mario has thought up a plan of attack.’
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
R y
(168)
‘Anne and Luke often think of each other.’
U
N n
C
R y
(509)
‘One /We/You/They (indef.) thought about the plan of attack.’
U
R n
C
M y
(511)
‘Mario regards himself a genius.’
C
R y
(512)
‘We/You/They (indef.) think of ourselves/themselves as geniuses.’
C
M y
(562)
‘One/ we/ they (indef.) always thinks/think of new solutions.’
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y