spaventare

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(44)
Mario ha spaventato Laura di proposito.
Mario
Mario
ha
have.PRS.3SG
spaventa-t-o
frighten-PP-M.SG
Laura
Laura
di
of
proposit-o
purpose-M.SG
‘Mario has frightened Laura on purpose.’
(40)
I fiaschi non ci spaventano.
i
ART.DEF.M.PL
fiasch-i
failure-M.PL
non
NEG
ci
OBJ.1PL
spaventa-no
frighten.PRS-3PL
‘Fiascos don't frighten us.’
(46)
Mario fece spaventare i ragazzi da Luca.
Mario
Mario
fec-e
make.PST-3SG
spaventa-re
frighten-INF
i
ART.DEF.M.PL
ragazz-i
boy-M.PL
da
by
Luca
Luke
‘Mario made Luke frighten the boys.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# FRIGHTEN Coding set Argument type
1 frightener V.subj A
2 frightenee Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(45)
‘Those two (men) frighten each other whenever they get the chance.’
C
R y
(42)
‘Gregory was frightened of his shadow.’
(122)
‘The professor was frightened by this cry of alarm.’
C
R y
(124)
‘One/They (indef.)/We frightened the crowd with a false alarm.’
C
R y
(123)
‘One gets easily frightened./We/They (indef.) get easily frightened.’
C
R y
(43)
‘The professor is frightened by this cry of alarm.’
U
M n
(41)
‘Mario frightens everybody because of his skinniness.’
C
N y
C
R y
(140)
‘The crowd is frightened in this way.’
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
R n
(765)
‘Mario's skinniness frightens.’
U
N n
U
R n
C
N y
C
R y
(726)
‘One is/We/You/They (indef.) are frightened by noises at night.’
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y