hirojį

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derived verb, see also hojį
hirojį
often also means 'throw'

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

Wašjįkįkra iinį hiroajį.
wašjįk-įk=ra
rabbit-DIM=DEF
iinį
stone
hiro<ha>jį
<1E.A>throw
‘I threw a stone at the rabbit / I hit the rabbit with a stone.’
(37)
Jaagu'ų waǧįǧįra hįįrorajį?
jaagu'ų
why
waǧįǧį=ra
ball=DEF
hi<hį>ro<ra>jį
<1E.U><2.A>throw
‘Why did you throw the ball at me?’
(702)
Cii woomįšra nąąksikxete hiraajį.
cii_woomįš=ra
rug=DEF
nąąksik-xete
stick-be.big
hi-ho<ha>jį
APPL.INST-<1E.A>hit
‘I hit the rug with a big stick.’
Jaagu'ų nąąksikaakre hiroįrajį?
jaagu'ų
why
nąąksik-aakre
stick-POS.HOR:PROX
hi-ho<hį-ra>jį
APPL.INST-<1E.U-2.A>hit
‘Why did you hit me with that stick?’
Wakąra nąąksik hiraajį nąąžį.
waką=ra
snake=DEF
nąąksik
stick
hi-ho<ha>jį
APPL.INST-<1E.A>hit
nąą<ha>žį
<1E.A>stand
‘I stood there and beat the snake with a stick.’

Verb meanings , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BEAT THROW Coding set Argument type
1 beater thrower act.V A
2 beatee throwing goal obj:und.V P
3 beating instrument thrown thing Ø I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
‘Did you beat my snake with a stick?’
C
N already part of the verb stem y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
‘They played by the beach and threw mud at each other.’
‘I accidentally beat myself with this stick.’
C
R one ki- only y
‘They used spears to dance with and they beat each other with them.’
C
R y
‘Teega was naughty so they beat him with ash wood.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
C
M y
‘I scared out this little rabbit in front of me and made myself throw a stone at it/ hit it with a stone.’
‘I found a snake and I was afraid, but I made myself beat it with the short stick I had.’
C
R y
‘The blanket we hung up they let me beat it.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
‘I made Kunu hit with a heavy bat in baseball practice.’
C
N y