šgaac

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wa- is possible

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(736)
Nįįkjąkra hanąąc hąąpserec šgaacire, eesge hįįcgeire.
nįįkjąk=ra
child=DEF
hanąąc
all
hąąp-serec
day-be.long
šgaac-ire
play-SBJ.3PL
eesge
that's.why
hįįcge-ire
be.tired-SBJ.3PL
‘All the children played all day long, that's why they are all tired.’
(843)
Nįįkjąkra šųųkxete šgaacirera haki(ki)mįnąk šgaacnąąkšąną.
nįįkjąk=ra
child=DEF
šųųkxete
horse
šgaac-ire=ra
play-SBJ.3PL=DEF
ha-kiki-mįįnąk
APPL.SUPESS-RCP-sit
šgaac=nąąk-šąną
play=POS.NTL.PL-DECL
‘The children were playing horse and they rode on each other.’
Waagaxhajahocieja, hegų jaagu šgaacirera, Kųnųga hanąąc wašgac ruxuruk wa'ųjee.
waagaxhajahoci-eeja
school.house-there
hegų_jaagu
whatever
šgaac-ire=ra
play-SBJ.3PL=DEF
Kųnų-ga
first.son-PROP
hanąąc
all
wa-šgaac
OBJ.3PL-play
ruxuruk
accomplish
wa'ų-jee
do/be-POS.VERT
‘What they play at school, whatever, Kunu can play them all.’
Waǧįǧį nąąxjak hašgacra nąąsueja hįjinąkirera, nąąsura teek wįįre.
waǧįǧį_nąąxjak
football
ha-šgaac=ra
1E.A-play=DEF
nąąsu-eja
head-there
hį-jiinąk-ire=ra
1E.U-run.into-SBJ.3PL=DEF
nąąsu=ra
head=DEF
teek
ache
wįį-ire
make/CAUS\1E.U-SBJ.3PL
‘I was playing football and got bumped in the head, they made my head hurt.’
Siikąra nąąkjų nųnįge, hirasa šgaac hakį.
siiką=ra
ankle=DEF
nąą<ha>kjų
<1E.A>sprain
nųnįge
nevertheless
hirasa
in.addition
šgaac
play
ha-kįį
1E.A-make.self
‘Even though I had twisted my ankle I made myself play also.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# PLAY Coding set Argument type
1 player act.V X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R only with -anim y
‘I played with the marbles.’
C
M hošgac also means' torture, abuse', so speakers tend to be very careful and avoid it! y
‘There was a puddle out in the back of the house, did you play in it?’
C
R y
‘Let's go play on the ice!’
‘We played on the ice.’
C
N y
C
R y
(893)
‘The girls liked each other, when they were playing with each other outside.’
‘Hinu and Kunu played with each other all day long.’
C
M y
‘The card game I bought for himself I'm playing with it.’
‘They taught Hinu a new card game, and then she wanted to play that game here/ her new game, she said she wanted to play that here.’
C
N y
C
R y
‘Look, the kids are playing with your car.’
C
M only with reciprocal meaning y
‘They are playing ping pong on the table.’
C
N y
C
R y
‘They were playing baseball and even though I was sick they also made my play.’
C
R y
C
R y
(920)
‘I caused my Kunu to get sick, when I let him play outside without a cap on.’
‘We played baseball, they let me play at the end.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
M y
‘They played on the farmer's field and made him mad.’
C
M y
C
N y
‘The toy I bought him, he's playing with it on the table.’
C
R y
‘The little playhouse they made for you, have you already played in it (=yours)?’
C
R y
‘I played with my new baseball glove today.’
C
M y
‘The squirt gun, did you play with it with Kunu & Heena?’
C
N y
C
R y
C
N y