nąąkewe

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means 'be scared, afraid of'

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(346)
Nąįrakewe waš'ųšąnąk?
nąą<hį-ra>kewe
<1E.U-2.A>be.afraid
wa<š>'ų-ša=nąk
<2.A>do/be-2.A=POS.NTL
‘Do you fear me?’
(568)
Šųųkxetera nąąkewe.
šųųk-xete=ra
dog-be.big=DEF
nąą<ha>kewe
<1E.A>be.afraid
‘I'm afraid of the big dog.’
Nąąkawanųnįge šųųkra nee waruc hok'ų hakį.
nąą<ha>kewe=nųnįge
<1E.A>be.afraid=nevertheless
šųųk=ra
dog=DEF
nee
1EMPH
waruc
food
hok'ų
give
ha-kįį
1E.A-make.self
‘I was scared, but I made myself feed the dog.’
(770)
Nąąkawanųnįge, wakąra hiki'o hakį.
nąą<ha>kewe=nųnįge
<1E.A>be.afraid=nevertheless
waką=ra
snake=DEF
hiki'o
touch
ha-kįį
1E.A-make.self
‘Even though I was afraid I made myself touch the snake.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# FEAR Coding set Argument type
1 fearer act.V A
2 fear stimulus obj:und.V P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
M only with POSS of U meaning y
C
M only with CAUS y
‘He scared him with a toy animal.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(351)
‘I was afraid of myself saying something wrong.’
C
R one ki- only (2 ki-'s may be okay if you really want to emphasize it) y
(350)
‘Those dogs are afraid of each other.’
(891)
‘The dogs are afraid of each other.’
C
R y
(349)
‘I'm fearing my own dog.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(348)
‘They brought back a vicious dog and scared Kunu with it.’
C
R y
(353)
‘When I walked into the dark house, I saw someone there, I scared myself.’
C
M possessive meaning only y
(352)
‘They made my children fear the dog.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(892)
‘That little toy I bought for him, when I showed it to him, I made him scared of it (his own) / I caused him to be scared.’
C
N y