hawają

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The pushing goal can be expressed, but often isn't.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(138)
Waamįnąkra hapaja.
waamįnąk=ra
chair=DEF
hapają
push\1E.A
‘I pushed the chair.’
(139)
Hįįwajaire.
ha<hį>wają-ire
<1E.U>push-SBJ.3PL
‘The pushed me.’
(141)
Jaagu'ų hįįšawaja?
jaagu'ų
why
ha<hį-ša>wają
<1E.U-2.A>push
‘Why did you push me?’
(143)
Waamįnąkra guušigi hawają rehiire!
waamįnąk=ra
chair=DEF
guušigi
over.to.there
hawają
push
rehii-re
do.quickly-IMP
‘Push the chair over to the side!’
(144)
Waarucra hakišjek hawająire.
waaruc=ra
table=DEF
hakišjek
together/share
hawają-ire
push-SBJ.3PL
‘They pushed the tables together.’
(148)
Waaruc hihakeja hįįwająire.
waaruc
table
hihak-eja
on.top-there
ha<hį>wają-ire
<1E.U>push-SBJ.3PL
‘They pushed me onto the table.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# PUSH Coding set Argument type
1 pusher act.V A
2 pushee obj:und.V P
3 pushing goal LOC L

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(146)
‘Push this chair over there for me.’
(147)
‘Push all the chairs over there for me.’
C
R y
(816)
‘They pushed the bails of hay with a farm vehicle.’
C
R ho- replaces ha- y
(140)
‘They pushed me aside.’
(142)
‘Why did you push me to the side.’
(149)
‘They pushed me into the hole in the ground.’
‘Push the chair over to the side.’
C
N already part of the verb stem y
C
R y
(819)
‘I used that long stick and pushed myself in the boat.’
(822)
‘I pushed myself along and I got there.’
C
R y
(145)
‘They were pushing each other.’
C
R y
C
R y
‘I used that long stick and pushed myself in the boat.’
‘I pushed myself along and I got there.’
C
R y
C
N y
C
R ho- replaces ha- y
(150)
‘They pushed each other into the hole / ditch.’
C
R y
‘They made me push the red car.’
C
R y
(824)
‘I waited for them for a long time, but then I decided to push the red car myself.’
C
R y
(823)
‘They let me push the red car.’
C
R y
(820)
‘I used that long stick and pushed myself in the boat and went to the island.’
C
R ho- replaces ha- y
(821)
‘The car I broke I pushed it into the garage by myself.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R ho- replaces ha- y
C
N y
C
R y
C
N y
C
R y
(825)
‘Heena made his son push the red car.’
C
N y