erschrecken

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This verb does not occur in the Ambitransitive Alternation, but there is a closely related verb (erschrecken, past tense erschrak) which has the corresponding intransitive meaning ('get frightened'). Since this is an idiosyncratic pair of verbs, it is not treated as an alternation here.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Example

(10)
Der Bär erschreckte den Mann.
der
DEF.M.NOM
Bär
bear(NOM)
erschreck-te
frighten-3SG.PST
den
DEF.M.ACC
Mann
man(ACC)
‘The bear frightened the man.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# FRIGHTEN Coding set Argument type
1 frightener NP-nom V.subj A
2 frightenee NP-acc P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
U
N n
(12)
‘The man got frightened.’
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
U
M der Schrei erschreckte den Mann n
C
N y
C
y