German deu Wals

Variety Standard
Family Indo-European
Region Europe (and Indo-European)



Martin Haspelmath

Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology


Luisa Baumann

Universität Leipzig

with data contributions by 2 native speakers

How to cite the German dataset  BibTeX

Haspelmath, Martin & Baumann, Luisa. 2013. German Valency Patterns.
In: Hartmann, Iren & Haspelmath, Martin & Taylor, Bradley (eds.) 2013.
Valency Patterns Leipzig.
Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
(Available online at, Accessed on 2021-10-18)


100 Verb forms 20 Coding frames 14 Alternations (100.0% avail.) 170 glossed Examples


General comment

Concerning the frequency of a verb's alternation, we decided intuitively whether an alternation occurs 'marginally' or 'regularly'. Some alternations marked as occuring 'marginally' surely have to be rediscussed.
Concerning the Coding Frames we did not pay attention to adjuncts.
Often there can be created alternations of alternations. We did not mark them but in most cases we made a comment.
We did not establish a causative alternation.