ma-

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The verb may also take an instrumental adjunct (in the instrumental case).

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(24)
Hurken mavdiliv moč man.
hurken
boy
mavdili-v
snake-ACC
mo-č
stick-INSTR
ma-n
kill-AOR.3SG
‘The boy killed the snake with the stick.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# KILL Coding set Argument type
1 killer NP-nom V.subj A
2 killee NP-acc P
3 killing instrument NP-instr I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(55)
‘The old man was killed by the bear.’
C
R y
(58)
‘The man was / got killed.’
C
R y
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y