run

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(i) Arguably a locational expression is always implied but it is not syntactically required, (ii) This is a highly polysemous verb. At least one of its additional senses (as in running water) involves motion through space.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(277)
The horse is running.
the
the
horse
horse
is
is
running
running
‘The horse is running.’
(278)
Phil used to run to and from work.
Phil
Phil
used
used
to
to
run
run
to
to
and
and
from
from
work
work
‘Phil used to run to and from work.’
(279)
I ran ten kilometres yesterday.
I
I
ran
ran
ten
ten
kilometres
kilometres
yesterday
yesterday
‘I ran ten kilometres yesterday.’
(348)
He ran at me with his fists raised.
he
he
ran
ran
at
at
me
me
with
with
his
his
fists
fists
raised
raised
‘He ran at me with his fists raised.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# RUN Coding set Argument type
1 runner NP-nom V.subj S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
N
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
R n
(280)
‘He ran a marathon.’