break

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Break is (a) highly polysemous and (b) occurs in a large number of fixed and semi-fixed expressions with "abstract" objects, e.g. break the law, break a promise, break a record, break the ice, break the silence. In frequency terms, the agentive meaning is probably not the most common.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(138)
He broke the glass with a hammer.
he
he
broke
broke
the
the
glass
glass
with
with
a
a
hammer
hammer
‘He broke the glass with a hammer.’
(139)
I accidentally broke the knob off.
I
I
accidentally
accidentally
broke
broke
the
the
knob
knob
off
off
‘I accidentally broke the knob off.’
(145)
He broke his arm playing football.
he
he
broke
broke
his
his
arm
arm
playing
playing
football
football
‘He broke his arm playing football.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BREAK Coding set Argument type
1 breaker NP-nom V.subj A
2 broken thing NP-acc P
3 breaking instrument with+NP I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
N
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
(141)
‘He broke the chocolate into several pieces.’
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
R n
(142)
‘The window broke.’
U
R n
(143)
‘The hammer broke the window.’
U
R n
(144)
‘Glass breaks easily.’
U
R n
(140)
‘He broke the twig off the branch.’
U
N n