burn

show comment

(i) The verb burn bears a special relationship with the noun fire, which can be regarded as its canonical subject. (ii) I have regarded burn as a basically ambitransitive verb when the subject is fire, (e.g. the fire is burning, the fire burnt my hand), but treated transitive uses with agentive human subjects (e.g. I burnt the paper) as a kind of causative.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(5)
The fire burnt for hours.
the
the
fire
fire
burnt
burnt
for
for
hours
hours
‘The fire burnt for hours.’
(414)
The fire was burning brightly.
the
the
fire
fire
was
was
burning
burning
brightly
brightly
‘The fire was burning brightly.’
(7)
Her house is burning down around her.
her
her
house
house
is
is
burning
burning
down
down
around
around
her
her
‘Her house is burning down around her.’
(21)
The fire burnt over 4000 hectares.
the
the
fire
fire
burnt
burnt
over
over
4000
4000
hectares
hectares
‘The fire burnt over 4000 hectares.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BURN Coding set Argument type
1 burnt thing NP-nom V.subj S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
N
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
R y
(10)
‘I burnt myself on the hand.’
U
R n
(6)
‘The fire burnt the house down.’
(9)
‘I burnt the papers in the backyard.’
(11)
‘The fire burnt her house down.’
U
R n
(8)
‘Kindling burns well but it doesn't last long.’
U
N n