Conative U

Description

A canonically transitive verb implying physical affect, via motion and contact, appears without a direct object, but the expected direct object appears in a PP introduced by at. The frame implies an attempted action.
for Derived CF
Verb meaning Verb form Occurs Basic Coding frame Derived Coding frame
EAT eat N
(377)
I
I
was
was
still
still
eating
eating
lunch
lunch
when
when
he
he
arrived
arrived
‘I was still eating lunch when he arrived.’
RAIN rain N
(4)
it
it
is
is
raining
raining
‘It's raining.’
BURN burn N
(5)
the
the
fire
fire
burnt
burnt
for
for
hours
hours
‘The fire burnt for hours.’
(414)
the
the
fire
fire
was
was
burning
burning
brightly
brightly
‘The fire was burning brightly.’
HUG hug N
(12)
she
she
hugged
hugged
her
her
little
little
sister
sister
and
and
kissed
kissed
her
her
on
on
the
the
head
head
‘She hugged her little sister and kissed her on the head.’
LAUGH laugh N
(22)
the
the
children
children
laughed
laughed
and
and
laughed
laughed
‘The children laughed and laughed.’
TALK talk N
(25)
I
I
talked
talked
to
to
him
him
about
about
his
his
problem
problem
for
for
quite
quite
a
a
while
while
‘I talked to him about his problem for quite a while.’
(410)
I
I
can
can
not
not
talk
talk
to
to
her
her
she
she
will
will
not
not
listen
listen
‘I can't talk to her. She won't listen.’
CLIMB climb N
(31)
I
I
climbed
climbed
{up/down/over/in}
{up/down/over/in}
‘I climbed up/down/over/in.’
CARRY carry N
(32)
the
the
men
men
carried
carried
the
the
gear
gear
to
to
camp
camp
‘The men carried the gear to camp.’
(35)
he
he
was
was
carrying
carrying
a
a
weapon
weapon
‘He was carrying a weapon.’
(36)
the
the
flood
flood
waters
waters
carried
carried
her
her
away
away
‘The flood waters carried her away.’
PUT put N
(38)
she
she
put
put
the
the
cup
cup
on
on
the
the
table
table
‘She put the cup on the table.’
(39)
he
he
put
put
the
the
phone
phone
down
down
(way
(way
back)
back)
‘He put the phone down (way, back).’
THROW throw N
(40)
the
the
boy
boy
threw
threw
the
the
ball
ball
through
through
the
the
window
window
‘The boy threw the ball through the window.’
(42)
they
they
threw
threw
eggs
eggs
at
at
me
me
‘They threw eggs at me.’
LOOK AT look N
(326)
I
I
looked
looked
at
at
her
her
again
again
but
but
I
I
still
still
did
did
not
not
recognise
recognise
her
her
‘I looked at her again but I still didn't recognise her.’
SEE see N
(49)
he
he
saw
saw
the
the
bear
bear
by
by
the
the
river
river
bank
bank
‘He saw the bear by the river bank.’
SHOUT AT shout N
(57)
the
the
mother
mother
was
was
shouting
shouting
at
at
the
the
children
children
‘The mother was shouting at the children.’
SAY say N
(63)
she
she
said
said
something
something
to
to
me
me
‘She said something to me.’
SMELL smell N
(70)
the
the
bear
bear
smelled
smelled
the
the
boy
boy
‘The bear smelled the boy.’
DIE die N
(73)
he
he
died
died
when
when
he
he
was
was
sixteen
sixteen
‘He died when he was sixteen.’
KNOW know N
(76)
I
I
do
do
not
not
know
know
her
her
well
well
‘I don't know her well.’
THINK think N
(81)
I
I
was
was
thinking
thinking
about
about
my
my
mother
mother
yesterday
yesterday
‘I was thinking about my mother yesterday.’
JUMP jump N
(86)
I
I
jumped
jumped
for
for
joy
joy
‘I jumped for joy.’
GIVE give N
(89)
we
we
gave
gave
the
the
books
books
to
to
the
the
children
children
‘We gave the books to the children.’
SEND send N
(93)
the
the
girl
girl
sent
sent
flowers
flowers
to
to
her
her
grandmother
grandmother
in
in
hospital
hospital
‘The girl sent flowers to her grandmother in hospital.’
TEAR tear N
(95)
the
the
girl
girl
tore
tore
the
the
page
page
from
from
the
the
book
book
‘The girl tore the page from the book.’
KILL kill N
(98)
the
the
man
man
killed
killed
the
the
snake
snake
with
with
a
a
stick
stick
‘The man killed the snake with a stick.’
SEARCH FOR search N
(102)
the
the
men
men
searched
searched
for
for
the
the
women
women
‘The men searched for the women.’
(103)
they
they
searched
searched
the
the
house
house
(for
(for
the
the
women)
women)
‘They searched the house (for the women).’
(104)
they
they
searched
searched
me
me
(for
(for
drugs)
drugs)
‘They searched me (for drugs).’
MEET meet N
(107)
the
the
men
men
met
met
the
the
boys
boys
at
at
the
the
river
river
‘The men met the boys at the river.’
FOLLOW follow N
(109)
the
the
boys
boys
followed
followed
the
the
girls
girls
to
to
the
the
river
river
‘The boys followed the girls to the river.’
(110)
the
the
boys
boys
followed
followed
the
the
path
path
all
all
the
the
way
way
to
to
the
the
river
river
‘The boys followed the path all the way to the river.’
(401)
his
his
eyes
eyes
followed
followed
her
her
every
every
move
move
‘His eyes followed her every move.’
(402)
he
he
is
is
always
always
following
following
me
me
around
around
‘He's always following me around.’
HELP help N
(111)
I
I
helped
helped
the
the
boys
boys
to
to
fix
fix
their
their
bikes
bikes
‘I helped the boys to fix their bikes.’
WASH wash N
(113)
the
the
mother
mother
washed
washed
the
the
baby
baby
‘The mother washed the baby.’
(397)
I
I
generally
generally
wash
wash
the
the
delicate
delicate
items
items
by
by
hand
hand
‘I generally wash the delicate items by hand.’
DRESS dress N
(117)
the
the
mother
mother
dressed
dressed
her
her
daughter
daughter
‘The mother dressed her daughter.’
SHAVE (a body part/person) shave N
(120)
he
he
shaved
shaved
his
his
beard
beard
‘He shaved his beard.’
(451)
she
she
shaved
shaved
her
her
head
head
‘She shaved her head.’
SING sing N
(124)
she
she
sings
sings
beautifully
beautifully
‘She sings beautifully.’
TOUCH touch N
(125)
the
the
boy
boy
touched
touched
the
the
snake
snake
with
with
a
a
stick
stick
‘The boy touched the snake with a stick.’
BEAT beat N
(136)
he
he
beat
beat
the
the
poor
poor
dog
dog
with
with
a
a
stick
stick
‘He beat the poor dog with a stick.’
BREAK break N
(138)
he
he
broke
broke
the
the
glass
glass
with
with
a
a
hammer
hammer
‘He broke the glass with a hammer.’
BUILD build N
(146)
they
they
built
built
the
the
model
model
out
out
of
of
plywood
plywood
and
and
plastic
plastic
‘They built the model out of plywood and plastic.’
PEEL peel N
(149)
I
I
peeled
peeled
the
the
potatoes
potatoes
with
with
that
that
new
new
Swiss
Swiss
vegetable
vegetable
peeler
peeler
‘I peeled the potatoes with that new Swiss vegetable peeler.’
POUR pour N
(154)
he
he
poured
poured
the
the
water
water
into
into
the
the
glass
glass
‘He poured the water into the glass.’
TIE tie N
(156)
he
he
tied
tied
the
the
horse
horse
to
to
the
the
tree
tree
with
with
a
a
rope
rope
‘He tied the horse to the tree with a rope.’
FILL fill N
(162)
she
she
filled
filled
the
the
glass
glass
with
with
water
water
‘She filled the glass with water.’
LOAD load N
(164)
the
the
farmer
farmer
loaded
loaded
the
the
hay
hay
onto
onto
the
the
truck
truck
‘The farmer loaded the hay onto the truck.’
(166)
they
they
loaded
loaded
her
her
into
into
the
the
ambulance
ambulance
‘They loaded her into the ambulance.’
COVER cover N
(167)
the
the
woman
woman
covered
covered
her
her
son
son
with
with
a
a
blanket
blanket
‘The woman covered her son with a blanket.’
(170)
I
I
covered
covered
my
my
eyes
eyes
with
with
my
my
hands
hands
‘I covered my eyes with my hands.’
WIPE wipe N
(171)
she
she
wiped
wiped
the
the
crumbs
crumbs
off
off
the
the
table
table
‘She wiped the crumbs off the table.’
(174)
he
he
wiped
wiped
the
the
tears
tears
from
from
his
his
eyes
eyes
‘He wiped the tears from his eyes.’
DIG dig N
(175)
she
she
was
was
digging
digging
in
in
the
the
garden
garden
‘She was digging in the garden.’
PUSH push N
(182)
he
he
pushed
pushed
her
her
into
into
the
the
water
water
‘He pushed her into the water.’
(183)
they
they
managed
managed
to
to
push
push
it
it
down
down
the
the
driveway
driveway
and
and
onto
onto
the
the
street
street
‘They managed to push it down the driveway and onto the street.’
GRIND grind N
(188)
the
the
women
women
ground
ground
the
the
seeds
seeds
with
with
a
a
mortar
mortar
and
and
pestle
pestle
‘The women ground the seeds with a mortar and pestle.’
COOK cook N
(192)
the
the
men
men
cooked
cooked
the
the
meat
meat
‘The men cooked the meat.’
HIDE hide N
(196)
the
the
boy
boy
hid
hid
the
the
frog
frog
from
from
his
his
mother
mother
‘The boy hid the frog from his mother.’
(197)
he
he
hid
hid
it
it
under
under
the
the
bed
bed
‘He hid it under the bed.’
(199)
she
she
hid
hid
her
her
face
face
‘She hid her face.’
TAKE take N
(200)
he
he
took
took
the
the
money
money
from
from
the
the
drawer
drawer
‘He took the money from the drawer.’
SHOW show N
(204)
the
the
girls
girls
showed
showed
the
the
pictures
pictures
to
to
their
their
teacher
teacher
‘The girls showed the pictures to their teacher.’
TEACH teach N
(209)
my
my
grandmother
grandmother
taught
taught
me
me
this
this
song
song
‘My grandmother taught me this song.’
PLAY play N
(215)
the
the
children
children
were
were
playing
playing
in
in
the
the
garden
garden
‘The children were playing in the garden.’
LIVE live N
(221)
they
they
live
live
in
in
town
town
‘They live in town.’
(222)
they
they
live
live
near
near
the
the
river
river
‘They live near the river.’
(223)
at
at
the
the
time
time
I
I
was
was
living
living
in
in
Armidale
Armidale
‘At the time I was living in Armidale.’
COUGH cough N
(224)
I
I
could
could
not
not
sleep
sleep
I
I
was
was
coughing
coughing
all
all
night
night
‘I couldn't sleep, I was coughing all night.’
BLINK blink N
(228)
coming
coming
out
out
into
into
the
the
sunshine
sunshine
I
I
blinked
blinked
a
a
few
few
times
times
before
before
I
I
could
could
see
see
properly
properly
‘Coming out into the sunshine, I blinked a few times before I could see properly.’
(229)
his
his
eyes
eyes
blinked
blinked
involuntarily
involuntarily
‘His eyes blinked involuntarily.’
FEAR fear N
(230)
Americans
Americans
generally
generally
fear
fear
the
the
Muslim
Muslim
Brotherhood
Brotherhood
‘Americans generally fear the Muslim Brotherhood.’
(379)
she
she
feared
feared
his
his
temper
temper
‘She feared his temper.’
(380)
she
she
feared
feared
him
him
for
for
his
his
temper
temper
‘She feared him for his temper.’
FEAR be afraid N
(233)
I
I
am
am
afraid
afraid
of
of
spiders
spiders
‘I'm afraid of spiders.’
(234)
it
it
turned
turned
out
out
he
he
was
was
afraid
afraid
of
of
heights
heights
‘It turned out he was afraid of heights.’
FRIGHTEN frighten N
(235)
oh
oh
my
my
God
God
do
do
not
not
do
do
that
that
you
you
frightened
frightened
me
me
‘Oh my God, don't do that, you frightened me!’
(237)
his
his
temper
temper
frightens
frightens
me
me
‘His temper frightens me.’
FRIGHTEN scare N
(238)
he
he
scares
scares
me
me
sometimes
sometimes
‘He scares me sometimes.’
LIKE like N
(240)
Pete
Pete
really
really
likes
likes
his
his
PS3
PS3
‘Pete really likes his PS3.’
(241)
Roger
Roger
likes
likes
playing
playing
tennis
tennis
‘Roger likes playing tennis.’
NAME call N
(244)
they
they
called
called
the
the
baby
baby
Anna
Anna
‘They called the baby Anna.’
(245)
they
they
called
called
him
him
a
a
fool
fool
‘They called him a fool.’
NAME name N
(250)
the
the
children
children
named
named
their
their
new
new
puppies
puppies
Bonnie
Bonnie
Mitzy
Mitzy
and
and
Ben
Ben
‘The children named their new puppies Bonnie, Mitzy, and Ben.’
TELL tell N
(251)
she
she
told
told
me
me
a
a
funny
funny
story
story
‘She told me a funny story.’
ASK FOR ask N
(256)
the
the
boy
boy
asked
asked
his
his
parents
parents
for
for
money
money
‘The boy asked his parents for money.’
(257)
I
I
asked
asked
for
for
help
help
with
with
filling
filling
out
out
the
the
form
form
‘I asked for help with filling out the form.’
ROLL roll N
(259)
the
the
ball
ball
rolled
rolled
across
across
the
the
floor
floor
‘The ball rolled across the floor.’
SINK sink N
(263)
the
the
boat
boat
sank
sank
‘The boat sank.’
(426)
it
it
sank
sank
into
into
the
the
swamp
swamp
‘It sank into the swamp.’
(427)
the
the
poor
poor
boy
boy
lost
lost
his
his
grip
grip
and
and
sank
sank
under
under
the
the
waves
waves
‘The poor boy lost his grip and sank under the waves.’
(428)
the
the
Titanic
Titanic
sank
sank
in
in
the
the
Atlantic
Atlantic
Ocean
Ocean
‘The Titanic sank in the Atlantic Ocean.’
(429)
those
those
who
who
can
can
not
not
swim
swim
generally
generally
sink
sink
like
like
a
a
stone
stone
‘Those who can't swim generally sink like a stone.’
BE A HUNTER be a hunter N
(266)
this
this
man
man
is
is
a
a
hunter
hunter
‘This man is a hunter.’
SCREAM scream N
(267)
she
she
screamed
screamed
in
in
fear
fear
‘She screamed in fear.’
SIT sit N
(271)
the
the
children
children
sat
sat
on
on
the
the
floor
floor
‘The children sat on the floor.’
LEAVE leave N
(273)
the
the
boy
boy
left
left
the
the
village
village
‘The boy left the village.’
RUN run N
(277)
the
the
horse
horse
is
is
running
running
‘The horse is running.’
SIT DOWN sit down N
(281)
the
the
children
children
sat
sat
down
down
on
on
the
the
bench
bench
and
and
waited
waited
‘The children sat down on the bench and waited.’
GO go N
(283)
the
the
women
women
went
went
to
to
the
the
market
market
every
every
day
day
‘The women went to the market every day.’
BE COLD be cold N
(287)
I
I
am
am
cold
cold
‘I'm cold.’
(289)
my
my
main
main
meal
meal
was
was
cold
cold
‘My main meal was cold.’
FEEL COLD feel cold N
(290)
I
I
feel
feel
cold
cold
‘I feel cold.’
BE SAD be sad N
(291)
the
the
little
little
girl
girl
was
was
sad
sad
because
because
she
she
had
had
lost
lost
her
her
kitten
kitten
‘The little girl was sad because she'd lost her kitten.’
BE SAD feel sad N
(292)
I
I
felt
felt
sad
sad
for
for
some
some
reason
reason
‘I felt sad for some reason.’
BE ILL be sick N
(293)
I
I
was
was
too
too
sick
sick
to
to
go
go
to
to
work
work
all
all
last
last
week
week
‘I was too sick to go to work all last week.’
BE ILL feel sick N
(294)
I
I
felt
felt
sick
sick
after
after
lunch
lunch
and
and
wondered
wondered
if
if
the
the
food
food
was
was
OK
OK
‘I felt sick after lunch and wondered if the food was OK.’
(295)
I
I
feel
feel
sick
sick
when
when
I
I
think
think
about
about
it
it
‘I feel sick when I think about it.’
BE DRY be dry N
(297)
the
the
clothes
clothes
are
are
dry
dry
‘The clothes are dry.’
BE HUNGRY be hungry N
(301)
the
the
baby
baby
is
is
hungry
hungry
‘The baby is hungry.’
(302)
I
I
was
was
not
not
hungry
hungry
but
but
I
I
ate
ate
anyway
anyway
‘I wasn't hungry but I ate anyway.’
BE HUNGRY feel hungry N
(303)
I
I
felt
felt
hungry
hungry
all
all
the
the
time
time
‘I felt hungry all the time.’
FALL fall N
(304)
she
she
fell
fell
down
down
and
and
hurt
hurt
herself
herself
‘She fell down and hurt herself.’
(305)
he
he
slipped
slipped
and
and
fell
fell
into
into
the
the
pool
pool
‘He slipped and fell into the pool.’
(306)
apprarently
apprarently
the
the
child
child
fell
fell
from
from
the
the
balcony
balcony
‘Apprarently the child fell from the balcony.’
(307)
my
my
i-pod
i-pod
fell
fell
into
into
the
the
water
water
‘My i-pod fell into the water.’
(308)
it
it
must
must
have
have
fallen
fallen
out
out
of
of
my
my
pocket
pocket
‘It must have fallen out of my pocket.’
(327)
he
he
fell
fell
to
to
his
his
knees
knees
and
and
wept
wept
‘He fell to his knees and wept.’
FEEL PAIN hurt N
(309)
my
my
neck
neck
hurts
hurts
when
when
I
I
turn
turn
my
my
head
head
‘My neck hurts when I turn my head.’
(310)
it
it
hurts
hurts
‘It hurts!’
FEEL PAIN have (a) pain N
(313)
I
I
had
had
a
a
pain
pain
in
in
my
my
back
back
‘I had a pain in my back.’
(314)
she
she
had
had
a
a
stabbing
stabbing
pain
pain
in
in
her
her
back
back
‘She had a stabbing pain in her back.’
HEAR hear N
(316)
I
I
heard
heard
shouting
shouting
outside
outside
‘I heard shouting outside.’
(317)
I
I
heard
heard
a
a
loud
loud
bang
bang
in
in
the
the
car
car
park
park
‘I heard a loud bang in the car park.’
HEAR listen (to) N
(321)
listen
listen
to
to
me
me
carefully
carefully
‘Listen to me carefully.’
(322)
they
they
listened
listened
patiently
patiently
to
to
the
the
opening
opening
speeches
speeches
‘They listened patiently to the opening speeches.’
CRY cry N
(328)
I
I
could
could
not
not
sleep
sleep
because
because
the
the
baby
baby
was
was
crying
crying
‘I couldn't sleep because the baby was crying.’
APPEAR appear N
(336)
all
all
of
of
a
a
sudden
sudden
her
her
fairy
fairy
Godmother
Godmother
appeared
appeared
in
in
front
front
of
of
her
her
‘All of a sudden her fairy Godmother appeared in front of her.’
(337)
this
this
story
story
first
first
appeared
appeared
in
in
Le
Le
Monde
Monde
‘This story first appeared in Le Monde.’
(338)
modern
modern
humans
humans
first
first
appeared
appeared
in
in
Africa
Africa
‘Modern humans first appeared in Africa.’
(425)
the
the
Angel
Angel
Gabriel
Gabriel
appeared
appeared
to
to
Mary
Mary
‘The Angel Gabriel appeared to Mary.’
BOIL boil N
(339)
the
the
water
water
is
is
boiling
boiling
‘The water's boiling.’
WANT want N
(345)
I
I
want
want
an
an
icecream
icecream
‘I want an icecream.’
(347)
I
I
want
want
you
you
‘I want you.’
MAKE make N
(356)
he
he
made
made
a
a
shelter
shelter
out
out
of
of
branches
branches
and
and
leaves
leaves
‘He made a shelter out of branches and leaves.’
(357)
she
she
made
made
biscuits
biscuits
out
out
of
of
rice
rice
flour
flour
‘She made biscuits out of rice flour.’
(361)
in
in
America
America
they
they
make
make
ethanol
ethanol
from
from
corn
corn
in
in
Brazil
Brazil
they
they
make
make
it
it
from
from
sugarcane
sugarcane
‘In America they make ethanol from corn, in Brazil they make it from sugarcane.’
(365)
did
did
you
you
make
make
it
it
or
or
buy
buy
it
it
‘Did you make it or buy it?’
GET get N
(369)
I
I
got
got
a
a
new
new
bike
bike
for
for
Christmas
Christmas
‘I got a new bike for Christmas.’
(370)
I
I
got
got
an
an
email
email
from
from
Christina
Christina
today
today
‘I got an email from Christina today.’
(371)
he
he
got
got
a
a
prize
prize
for
for
the
the
best
best
undergraduate
undergraduate
essay
essay
in
in
his
his
year
year
‘He got a prize for the best undergraduate essay in his year.’
(372)
we
we
got
got
a
a
loan
loan
from
from
the
the
bank
bank
‘We got a loan from the bank.’
STEAL steal N
(373)
the
the
thief
thief
stole
stole
money
money
from
from
the
the
old
old
lady
lady
‘The thief stole money from the old lady.’
(375)
the
the
child
child
stole
stole
cookies
cookies
from
from
the
the
cookie
cookie
jar
jar
‘The child stole cookies from the cookie jar.’
HIT hit M
(129)
the
the
boy
boy
hit
hit
the
the
snake
snake
with
with
a
a
stick
stick
‘The boy hit the snake with a stick.’
BRING bring N
(349)
she
she
brought
brought
them
them
to
to
me
me
‘She brought them to me.’
(350)
the
the
child
child
brought
brought
the
the
money
money
to
to
me
me
‘The child brought the money to me.’
CUT cut M
(15)
cut
cut
the
the
onion
onion
with
with
a
a
sharp
sharp
knife
knife
‘Cut the onion with a sharp knife.’