pʰoɾel

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corpus frequencies:
5367/815/0 (basic/middle/causative)
dig in something (earth) or for something

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(103)
Kinə kaɾtofil e pʰoɾumhanum.
kin-ə
woman-def
kaɾtofil
potato
e
aux.3sg
pʰoɾ-um-han-um
dig-cvb.ipfv-take.out-cvb.ipfv
‘The woman is digging for potatoes.’
(161)
Du inkʰd kʰo geɾezmanə kpʰoɾes, isk heto jes kʰez ktʰaʁem.
du
you.sg.nom
inkʰ-d
self-2sg.poss
kʰo
your
geɾezman-ə
grave-def
k-pʰoɾ-es
fut-dig-sbjv.2sg
isk
but
heto
then
jes
I.nom
kʰez
you.sg.dat
k-tʰaʁ-em
fut-bury-sbjv.1sg
‘You will dig your own grave, and then I’ll burry you.’
(187)
Varpetə partezum pʰos eɾ pʰoɾum...
varpet-ə
master-def
partez-um
garden-loc
pʰos
hole
aux.pst.3sg
pʰoɾ-um
dig-cvb.ipfv
‘The master was digging a hole in the garden ...’
(162)
Na sksecʰ pʰoɾel hin bahov, voɾə mi ɾopeicʰ ǯaɾdvecʰ.
na
3sg.nom
sks-ecʰ
start-aor.3sg
pʰoɾ-el
dig-inf
hin
old
bah-ov
spade-instr
voɾ-ə
that-def
mi
one
ɾope-icʰ
minute-abl
ǯaɾd-v-ecʰ
break-med-aor.3sg
‘He started digging with an old spade that broke in a minute.’
(188)
Nstecʰa u varpet asi hognel es, inʒ tur bahə, kʰičʰ el jes pʰoɾem.
nst-ecʰa
come-aor.1sg
u
and
varpet
master
as-i
say-aor.1sg
hognel
tired
es
aux.2sg
inʒ
I.dat
tur
give.imp
bah-ə
spade-def
kʰičʰ
a.little
el
part
jes
I.nom
pʰoɾ-em
dig-sbjv.1sg
‘I joined him and said: Master, you are tired, give me the spade, I will dig for a short while.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# DIG Coding set Argument type
1 digger NP-nom V.subj A
2 dug up thing NP-nomdat P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R passive y
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n