χoɾtakvel

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corpus frequencies:
1422/[0]/0 (basic/middle/causative)
derived mediopassive of 'sink' tr.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

(79)
Navakə χoɾtakvecʰ.
navak-ə
boat-def
χoɾtak-v-ecʰ
sink-med-aor.3sg
‘The boat sank.’
(127)
Ajd oɾə Nelson Stepʰanjanə iɾ ʁekavaɾac χmbov χoɾtakecʰ tʰšnamu jeɾku pahakanav.
ajd
this
oɾ-ə
day-def
Nelson
Nelson
Stepʰanjan-ə
Stepanian-def
self.gen
ʁekavaɾ-ac
direct-ptcp.res
χmb-ov
group-instr
χoɾtak-ecʰ
sink-aor.3sg
tʰšnam-u
enemy-gen
jeɾku
two
pahakanav
patrol.ship
‘This day Nelson Stepanian and the crew under his command sank two enemy patrol ships.’
(128)
Um e aχoɾželi χoɾtakel haɾazat aʁǯkan?
um
who.gen
e
aux.3sg
aχoɾželi
tasty
χoɾtak-el
sink-inf
haɾazat
own
aʁǯka-n
girl.dat-def
‘Who would feel happy about drowning his own daughter?’
(129)
Arnetneɾə lkʰum en χoɾtakvoʁ navə, burn hɾčvankʰov kančʰecʰ Aʁasin.
arnet-neɾ-ə
rat-pl-def
lkʰ-um
flee-cvb.ipfv
en
aux.3pl
χoɾtak-v-oʁ
sink-med-ptcp.sbj
nav-ə
ship-def
burn
violent
hɾčvankʰ-ov
exultation-instr
kančʰ-ecʰ
shout-aor.3sg
Aʁasi-n
Aghasy-def
‘The rats are deserting a sinking ship, exclaimed Aghasy in a passionate exultation.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SINK Coding set Argument type
1 sunken entity NP-nom V.subj S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N mediopassive itself y
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n