gnal

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corpus frequencies:
222449/0/17 (basic/middle/causative)
medial forms (11) are backformations from the causative forms

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(63)
Tʁan gnacʰ (gjuʁicʰ).
tʁa-n
boy-def
gn-acʰ
go-aor.3sg
gjuʁ-icʰ
village-abl
‘The boy went (from the village).’
(136)
Na tʰkʰecʰ, šɾǯvecʰ jev gnacʰ.
na
3sg.nom
tʰkʰ-ecʰ
spit-aor.3sg
šɾǯ-v-ecʰ
turn-med-aor.3sg
jev
and
gn-acʰ
go-aor.3sg
‘He spat, turned around and left.’
(148)
Tʁan gnacʰ.
tʁa-n
boy-def
gn-acʰ
go-aor.3sg
‘The boy left.’
(191)
Hagnvecʰin, sapʰɾvecʰin jev gnacʰin haɾsnaχosutʰjan.
hagn-v-ecʰ-in
dress-med-aor-3pl
sapʰɾ-v-ecʰ-in
shave-med-aor-3pl
jev
and
gn-acʰ-in
go-aor-3pl
haɾsnaχosutʰjan
wedding.gen
‘They dressed up, shaved themselves and went to the wedding.’
(116)
Aɾamjanə kuzenaɾ inkʰn el gnal najel, bajcʰ culanum eɾ hagnvel.
aɾamjan-ə
Aramyan-def
k-uzen-aɾ
fut-want-sbjv.pst.3sg
inkʰ-n
self-def
el
part
gn-al
go-inf
naj-el
look-inf
bajcʰ
but
culan-um
be.lazy-cvb.ipfv
aux.pst.3sg
hagn-v-el
dress-med-inf
‘Aramian would go to see himself, but he didn't feel like dressing.’
(158)
Bajcʰ kʰani voɾ jes hivand čʰem jev uzum em gnal, inʒ vočʰ mi bžišk čʰi ogni.
bajcʰ
but
kʰani
as.much
voɾ
that
jes
I.nom
hivand
sick
čʰ-em
neg-aux.1sg
jev
and
uz-um
want-cvb.ipfv
em
aux.1sg
gn-al
go-inf
inʒ
I.dat
vočʰ
not
mi
one
bžišk
doctor
čʰi
neg.aux.3sg
ogn-i
help-cvb.conneg
‘But as I am not ill and want to leave, there is no doctor who can help me.’
(172)
Na inʒ netecʰ banalineɾə jev vazecʰgnacʰ.
na
3sg.nom
inʒ
I.dat
net-ecʰ
throw-aor.3sg
banali-neɾ-ə
key-pl-def
jev
and
vaz-ecʰ-gn-acʰ
run-aor.3sg-go-aor.3sg
‘He threw me the keys and ran away.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# GO Coding set Argument type
1 goer NP-nom V.subj S
2 going goal LOC L

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
M y
C
N y
C
M y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n