vazel

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corpus frequencies:
22750/0/135 (basic/middle/causative)
medial forms backformations from the causative

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(60)
Jeɾeχan vazecʰ (hatak-ov).
jeɾeχa-n
child-def
vaz-ecʰ
run-aor.3sg
hatak-ov
floor-instr
‘The child ran (on the floor).’
(61)
Jeɾeχan vazecʰ (hatak-i vɾa-jov).
jeɾeχa-n
child-def
vaz-ecʰ
run-aor.3sg
hatak-i
floor-gen
vɾa-jov
on-instr
‘The child ran (on the floor).’
(170)
Hoʁatʰmbi takicʰ ǯɾeɾə gloɾvum ein χrovahujz ev aʁmkum vazum araǯ.
hoʁatʰmb-i
embankment-gen
tak-icʰ
under-abl
ǯɾ-eɾ-ə
water-pl-def
gloɾ-v-um
roll-med-cvb.ipfv
ein
aux.pst.3pl
χrovahujz
agitatedly
jev
and
aʁmk-um
rush-cvb.ipfv
vaz-um
run-cvb.ipfv
araǯ
in.front.of
‘From under the embankment the water was quickly running (=rolling), roaring, running forth.’
(172)
Na inʒ netecʰ banalineɾə jev vazecʰgnacʰ.
na
3sg.nom
inʒ
I.dat
net-ecʰ
throw-aor.3sg
banali-neɾ-ə
key-pl-def
jev
and
vaz-ecʰ-gn-acʰ
run-aor.3sg-go-aor.3sg
‘He threw me the keys and ran away.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# RUN Coding set Argument type
1 runner NP-nom V.subj S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R make run y
(147)
‘As a punishment, the teacher made the children do a two-kilometer run.’
C
M y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n