nstel

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corpus frequencies:
83866/0/3300 (basic/middle/causative)
medial forms are backformations (72)

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(57)
Maɾdə nstecʰ (getnin).
maɾd-ə
man-def
nst-ecʰ
sit-aor.3sg
getn-i-n
floor-dat-def
‘The man sat down (on the floor).’
(58)
Maɾdə nstac eɾ (getnin).
maɾd-ə
man-def
nst-ac
sit-ptcp.res
aux.pst.3sg
getn-i-n
floor-dat-def
‘The man sat (on the floor).’
(59)
Maɾdə nstac eɾ getni vɾa.
maɾd-ə
man-def
nst-ac
sit-ptcp.res
aux.pst.3sg
getn-i
floor-gen
vɾa
on
‘The man sat on the floor.’
(143)
Tʰomə nstecʰ cʰankapatin.
tʰom-ə
Tom-def
nst-ecʰ
sit-aor.3sg
cʰankapat-i-n
fence-dat-def
‘Tom sat on the fence.’
(178)
Vaɾdann angoɾ nstecʰ calovi atʰori vɾa jev ʒerkʰov makʰɾecʰ čavati kʰɾtinkʰə.
vaɾdan-n
Vartan-def
angoɾ
weak
nst-ecʰ
sit-aor.3sg
calovi
pliable
atʰor-i
chair-gen
vɾa
on
jev
and
ʒerkʰ-ov
hand-instr
makʰɾ-ecʰ
remove-aor.3sg
čavat-i
front-gen
kʰɾtinkʰ-ə
sweat-def
‘Vartan limply sank to a folding chair and wiped sweat off his front with his hand.’

Verb meanings , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SIT SIT DOWN Coding set Argument type
1 sitter sitdowner NP-nom V.subj S
2 sitting place sitting-down place LOC L

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
C
M y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n