asel

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corpus frequencies:
592935/13053/0 (basic/middle/causative)

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(34)
Maɾdə aʁǯkan vočʰinčʰ čʰasacʰ.
maɾd-ə
man-def
aʁǯka-n
girl.dat-def
vočʰinčʰ
nothing
čʰ-as-acʰ
neg-say-aor.3sg
‘The man said nothing to the girl.’
(134)
čʰem kaɾoʁ amusnanal nɾa het, asacʰi jes, tanə kin em tʰoʁel, na jerbekʰ apaharzan či ta.
čʰ-em
neg-aux.1sg
kaɾoʁ
able
amusnan-al
marry-inf
nɾa
3sg.gen
het
with
as-acʰ-i
say-aor-1sg
jes
I.nom
tanə
at.home
kin
woman
em
aux.1sg
tʰoʁ-el
leave-cvb.pfv
na
3sg.nom
jeɾbekʰ
never
apaharzan
divorce
čʰi
not
ta
give.sbjv.3sg
‘I can not marry her, I said, I have a wife at home, and she’ll never give me a divorce.’
(159)
Jes tʰujn em uzum, asacʰ na.
jes
I.nom
tʰujn
poison
em
aux.1sg
uz-um
want-cvb.ipfv
as-acʰ
say-aor.3sg
na
3sg.nom
‘I want (to take) poison, he said.’
(184)
Khavatas, Gɾigoɾi Pantelevičʰ, hencʰ voɾ na inʒ ajd asacʰ, vɾas paʁ kʰɾtinkʰ jekav.
k-havata-s
fut-believe-sbjv.2sg
Gɾigoɾi
Grigorij
Pantelevičʰ
Panteleevich
hencʰ
just
voɾ
that
na
3sg.nom
inʒ
I.dat
ajd
this
as-acʰ
say-aor.3sg
vɾa-s
on-1sg.poss
paʁ
cold
kʰɾtinkʰ
sweat
jeka-v
come.aor-aor.3sg
‘Would you believe this, G.P., the moment he told me that I was all covered with cold sweat.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SAY Coding set Argument type
1 sayer NP-nom X
2 said content UTT X
3 saying addressee NP-dat X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(186)
‘And it was said: do not kill.’
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n