ǯaɾdel

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corpus frequencies:
8767/2678/0 (basic/middle/causative)

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(31)
Tʁan patuhanə kʰaɾov ǯaɾdecʰ.
tʁa-n
boy-def
patuhan-ə
window-def
kʰaɾ-ov
stone-instr
ǯaɾd-ecʰ
break-aor.3sg
‘The boy broke the window with the stone.’
(182)
Jes gndakə netecʰ patin, ajn het tʰrav jev ǯaɾdecʰ patuhanə.
jes
I.nom
gndak-ə
ball-def
net-ecʰ
throw-aor.3sg
pat-i-n
wall-gen-def
ajn
that
het
with
tʰr-av
fly-aor.3sg
jev
and
ǯaɾd-ecʰ
break-aor.3sg
patuhan-ə
window-def
‘I throw a ball at the wall, it bounced and broke a window.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BREAK Coding set Argument type
1 breaker NP-nom V.subj A
2 broken thing NP-nomdat P
3 breaking instrument NP-instr I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R primarily decausative y
(162)
‘He started digging with an old spade that broke in a minute.’
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n