cecel

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corpus frequencies:
12560/1224/0 (basic/middle/causative)

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(29)
Tʁan օʒin cececʰ pʰajtov.
tʁa-n
boy-def
օʒ-i-n
snake-dat-def
cec-ecʰ
beat-aor.3sg
pʰajt-ov
stick-instr
‘The boy beat the snake with the stick.’
(102)
Kanajkʰ cecum ein hatikneɾə (sandov jev vaɾsandov).
kanajkʰ
woman.pl
cec-um
beat-cvb.ipfv
ein
aux.pst.3pl
hatik-neɾ-ə
seed-pl-def
sand-ov
mortar-instr
jev
and
vaɾsand-ov
pestle-instr
‘The women were grounding the seeds (with mortar and pestle).’
(163)
Mi angam tesa, voɾ mekə pʰajtov cecum e očʰχaɾin.
mi
one
angam
time
tes-a
see-aor.1sg
voɾ
that
mek-ə
one-def
pʰajt-ov
stick-instr
cec-um
beat-cvb.ipfv
e
aux.3sg
vočʰχaɾ-i-n
sheep-dat-def
‘One day she saw someone beating a ram with a stick.’

Verb meanings , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BEAT GRIND Coding set Argument type
1 beater grinder NP-nom V.subj A
2 beatee ground thing NP-nomdat P
3 beating instrument grinding instrument NP-instr I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n