ktɾel

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corpus frequencies:
30189/8160/5 (basic/middle/causative)
also 'saw'

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(26)
Tʁan hacʰə ktɾecʰ danakov.
tʁa-n
boy-def
hacʰ-ə
bread-def
ktɾ-ecʰ
cut-aor.3sg
danak-ov
knife-instr
‘The boy cut the bread with the knife.’
(87)
Maɾdə ktɾecʰ mazeɾə.
maɾd-ə
man-def
ktɾ-ecʰ
cut-aor.3sg
maz-eɾ-ə
hair-pl-def
‘The man cut his hair.’
(144)
Hacʰə ktɾiɾ!
hacʰ-ə
bread-def
ktɾ-iɾ
cut-imp
‘Cut the bread!’
(145)
Suɾ danakov amen inčʰ aveli aɾag kktɾes.
suɾ
sharp
danak-ov
knife-instr
amen
all
inčʰ
what
aveli
more
aɾag
fast
k-ktɾ-es
fut-cut-sbjv.2sg
‘You will cut it all faster with a sharp knife.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# CUT Coding set Argument type
1 cutter NP-nom V.subj A
2 cut thing NP-nomdat P
3 cutting instrument NP-instr I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
M y
C
R decausative (connection was cut) y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n