makʰɾel

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corpus frequencies:
11022/2203/0 (basic/middle/causative)
make clean, wipe the black board, peel

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(25)
Aʁǯikə makʰɾecʰ seʁanicʰ pʰošin.
aʁǯik-ə
girl-def
makʰɾ-ecʰ
remove-aor.3sg
seʁan-icʰ
table-abl
pʰoši-n
dirt-def
‘The girl wiped the dirt from the table.’
(93)
Tʁan pʰajticʰ keʁevə makʰɾecʰ.
tʁa-n
boy-def
pʰajt-icʰ
stick-abl
keʁev-ə
crust-def
makʰɾ-ecʰ
remove-aor.3sg
‘The boy made the stick clean of the bark.’
(179)
Aɾagašaɾž «makʰɾičʰneɾə» haziv en hascʰnum hoʁmapaku vɾajicʰ makʰɾel tʰacʰ ʒjunə.
aɾagašaɾž
quick
«makʰɾičʰ-neɾ-ə»
wiper-pl-def
haziv
hardly
en
aux.3pl
hascʰn-um
be.on.time-cvb.ipfv
hoʁmapak-u
windshield-gen
vɾa-jicʰ
on-abl
makʰɾ-el
remove-inf
tʰacʰ
wet
ʒjun-ə
snow-def
‘The quick wipers hardly were in time to take the snow away from the windshield.’

Verb meanings , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# PEEL WIPE Coding set Argument type
1 peeler wiper NP-nom V.subj A
2 peel wiped material NP-nomdat P
3 peeled object wiping surface NP-abl X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
U
M n
(24)
‘The girl wiped the dirt from the table.’
(90)
‘The boy peeled the bark off the stick.’
(178)
‘Vartan limply sank to a folding chair and wiped sweat off his front with his hand.’
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n