kapel

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corpus frequencies:
67150/34809/0 (basic/middle/causative)
LOC - dat or abl
mediopassive: ‘reciprocal’

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(5)
Maɾdə {ʒiun/ʒin} kapecʰ caricʰ.
maɾd-ə
man-def
{ʒiu-n/ʒi-n}
{horse.dat-def/horse-def}
kap-ecʰ
tie-aor.3sg
car-icʰ
tree-abl
‘The man tied the horse to the tree.’
(183)
Ajcə kapiɾ cʰcʰicʰ, voɾ čʰpʰaχčʰi.
ajc-ə
goat-def
kap-iɾ
tie-imp
cʰcʰ-icʰ
peg-abl
voɾ
that
čʰ-pʰaχčʰ-i
neg-run.away-sbjv.3sg
‘Tie the goat to a peg so it can not run away.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# TIE Coding set Argument type
1 tier NP-nom V.subj A
2 tied thing NP-nomdat P
3 tying goal LOC L

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(117)
‘And two characters, so different from each other, were bound together.’
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n