lud

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[CIT] is not a case marker but marks the preceding element as something that does not have a meaning in the present context, e.g. metalanguage and citations.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(32)
Paŋa mabeko rɨŋ ukam ludose.
pa-ŋa
man-ERG
ma-be-ko
woman-LOC-GEN
rɨŋ
story
u-kam
3sPOSS-friend
lud-o-s-e
tell-[3sA.]3[s]P-PRF-IND.PST
‘The man told his friend (the story) about the woman.’
(36)
Paŋa ma katha ludose.
pa-ŋa
man-ERG
ma
woman
katha
story
lud-o-s-e
tell-[3sA.]3[s]P-PRF-IND.PST
‘The man has told the woman a story.’
(37)
Hou, Syam ubojuŋa "nacuwa" mo ludokokhalo naŋ.
hou
AFF
syam
Syam
u-boju-ŋa
3sPOSS-grandmother-ERG
nacuwa
dancer
mo
CIT
lud-o-ko-kha=lo
say.to-[3sA.]3[s]P-IND.NPST-BGR=SURP
naŋ
but
‘Yes, Syam's grandmother says "dancer" to him/calls him a dancer.’
(39)
Thitta teĩbe huĩ teĩbeko unɨŋ Dãphe teĩ mo uludoyakte.
thitta
one
teĩ-be
village-LOC
huĩ
MED
teĩ-be-ko
village-LOC-GEN
u-nɨŋ
3sPOSS-name
dãphe
Dãphe
teĩ
village
mo
CIT
u-lud-o-yakt-e
3nsA-call-3[s]P-IPFV-IND.PST
‘In one village they called that village's name Dãphe (= 'there was a village they called Dãphe').’
(135)
Huĩsaŋa hana ukatha nalude?
huĩ-sa-ŋa
MED-OBL-ERG
hana
2s
u-katha
3sPOSS-story
na-lud-e
3[s]:2-tell-IND.PST
‘Did he tell you his story?’

Verb meanings , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# NAME SAY TELL Coding set Argument type
1 namer sayer teller NP-erg & V.agt A
2 name said content told content NP-abs X
3 namee saying addressee tellee NP-abs & V.obj P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
U
R n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
M y
C
M y
C
M y
C
M y
C
R y