kipma kat

show comment

This is a complex predicate. Kipma is a lexicalized infinitive of the verb kitt- 'fear', and kat- means 'come up', so lit. 'fearing comes up'. Almost all experiencer predicates of Chintang are based on this pattern (emotional noun + verb, usually kat- 'come up' or katt- 'bring up'). Kipma kat- is more frequent than kitt- and is mostly used without a specific stimulus (so it mostly means 'be afraid' rather than 'be afraid of').

Coding frame

Complex Verb form
Verb type: NV

Example

(10)
Cha maʔmibeʔã ukipma kadase.
cha
child
maʔmi-beʔ-ã
person-LOC-ERG
u-kipma
3sPOSS-fear
kad-a-s-e
come.up-PST-PRF-[3sS.]IND.PST
‘The child has become afraid of the man.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# FEAR Coding set Argument type
1 fearer NP-abs & V.subj S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
M y