Coding frames of Bezhta

coding frames.
Coding frame Alternations #Vs Verb meanings & Verb forms
12
COOK (helal)
DIG (yäxäl)
EAT (yüⁿqal)
FILL (yoc'lal)
FRIGHTEN (hič'egolal)
GRIND (haʔal)
MAKE (yowal)
MEET (keziyaqal)
PUSH (zistuqlal)
SEARCH FOR (xalbowal)
SHAVE (a body part/person) (kusuʔal)
WASH (nizal)
4
HEAR (tuqal)
KNOW (yiq'al)
LIKE (yat'al)
SEE (yegaal)
WANT (yat'al)
3
FEAR (hic'al)
LOOK AT (goc'oqal)
TALK (yiq'lašal)
3
BREAK (yišelal)
CUT (yüč'al)
KILL (yiƛ'al (1))
16
APPEAR (yoⁿq'al)
BE DRY (qoqal)
BE HUNGRY (nukal)
BE ILL (k'ok'al)
BOIL (ɣayƛal)
BURN (yek'al)
CRY (yiyaal)
DIE (yuɣal)
FEEL COLD (yäč’ɬal)
FEEL PAIN (k'ok'al)
JUMP (yogic'al)
LAUGH (łowal)
PLAY (k'isal)
ROLL (k'äyƛäl)
SIT (q'ey yecal)
SIT DOWN (q'ey yecal)
3
HELP (komak bowal)
TELL (xabar meyal)
1
SAY (nisal)
9
BEAT (yäƛ'elal)
BRING (yaq'al)
CARRY (yezal)
GIVE (niƛal)
HIT (yäƛ'elal)
SEND (yeⁿyal)
SHOW (yegalal)
TEACH (małciyowal)
THROW (yiƛ'al (2))
TOUCH (yeⁿxelal)
3
COUGH (öhƛäl)
1
2
HIDE (yuⁿcal (1))
TEAR (yäxelal)
2
COVER (yoq'olal)
DRESS (łič'elal)
4
CLEAN (yaⁿcolal)
LOAD (yoⁿsal)
POUR (git'al)
PUT (gulal)
WIPE (yaⁿcolal)
1
ASK FOR (harziyowal)
2
NAME (caaⁿ gulal)
SCREAM (lalaƛal)
SHOUT AT (lalaƛal)
1
SMELL (mäh biq'al)
6
BE A HUNTER (no verbal counterpart)
1
LIVE (ömrö bowal)
2
FALL (yekal)
THINK (urɣeziyaqal)
1
1
LEAVE (yeⁿƛ'al (2))
1
TIE (yiⁿcal)
1
GET (yiqal)
2
STEAL (yuⁿcal (2))
TAKE (yokčal)
Ambitransitive Alternation 1
COOK (helal)
Antipassive 2 Alternation Antipassive 1 Alternation 7
BE DRY (qoqal)
BOIL (ɣayƛal)
COUGH (öhƛäl)
JUMP (yogic'al)
PLAY (k'isal)
RUN (č'an yaɣal)
WASH (nizal)
Antipassive 1 Alternation 1
TEAR (yäxelal)
Antipassive 1 Alternation 1
TIE (yiⁿcal)
Antipassive 1 Alternation 13
BREAK (yišelal)
COOK (helal)
CUT (yüč'al)
EAT (yüⁿqal)
FILL (yoc'lal)
GRIND (haʔal)
KILL (yiƛ'al (1))
KNOW (yiq'al)
MAKE (yowal)
PUSH (zistuqlal)
SHAVE (a body part/person) (kusuʔal)
WASH (nizal)
Causative with -l/-ll 1
Causative with -l/-ll 1
LOOK AT (goc'oqal)
Causative with -l/-ll 1
FALL (yekal)
Causative with -l/-ll 2
HIDE (yuⁿcal (1))
TEAR (yäxelal)
Causative with -l/-ll 1
TIE (yiⁿcal)
Causative with -l/-ll 3
BREAK (yišelal)
CUT (yüč'al)
KILL (yiƛ'al (1))
Causative with -l/-ll 2
COVER (yoq'olal)
DRESS (łič'elal)
Causative with -l/-ll 1
LIVE (ömrö bowal)
Causative with -l/-ll 9
BEAT (yäƛ'elal)
BRING (yaq'al)
CARRY (yezal)
GIVE (niƛal)
HIT (yäƛ'elal)
SEND (yeⁿyal)
SHOW (yegalal)
TEACH (małciyowal)
THROW (yiƛ'al (2))
TOUCH (yeⁿxelal)
Causative with -l/-ll 3
HELP (komak bowal)
TELL (xabar meyal)
Causative with -l/-ll 4
CLEAN (yaⁿcolal)
LOAD (yoⁿsal)
POUR (git'al)
PUT (gulal)
WIPE (yaⁿcolal)
Causative with -l/-ll 1
ASK FOR (harziyowal)
Causative with -l/-ll 1
SAY (nisal)
Causative with -l/-ll 3
GET (yiqal)
STEAL (yuⁿcal (2))
TAKE (yokčal)
Causative with -l/-ll 2
NAME (caaⁿ gulal)
SCREAM (lalaƛal)
SHOUT AT (lalaƛal)
Causative with -l/-ll 2
Causative with -l/-ll 1
SMELL (mäh biq'al)
Causative with -l/-ll 10
APPEAR (yoⁿq'al)
BE DRY (qoqal)
BE ILL (k'ok'al)
BOIL (ɣayƛal)
BURN (yek'al)
DIE (yuɣal)
FEEL PAIN (k'ok'al)
JUMP (yogic'al)
ROLL (k'äyƛäl)
SIT (q'ey yecal)
SIT DOWN (q'ey yecal)
Causative with -l/-ll 11
COOK (helal)
DIG (yäxäl)
FILL (yoc'lal)
FRIGHTEN (hič'egolal)
GRIND (haʔal)
MAKE (yowal)
PUSH (zistuqlal)
SEARCH FOR (xalbowal)
SHAVE (a body part/person) (kusuʔal)
WASH (nizal)
Instrument Alternation 1
BEAT (yäƛ'elal)
HIT (yäƛ'elal)
Recipient/Goal/Location Alternation 1 2
GIVE (niƛal)
THROW (yiƛ'al (2))
Causative with -l/-ll 3
HEAR (tuqal)
KNOW (yiq'al)
LIKE (yat'al)
WANT (yat'al)
Antipassive 1 Alternation 7
BEAT (yäƛ'elal)
BRING (yaq'al)
CARRY (yezal)
GIVE (niƛal)
HIT (yäƛ'elal)
SEND (yeⁿyal)
THROW (yiƛ'al (2))
TOUCH (yeⁿxelal)
Antipassive 1 Alternation 2
TELL (xabar meyal)
Antipassive 1 Alternation 2
STEAL (yuⁿcal (2))
TAKE (yokčal)
Antipassive 1 Alternation 2
NAME (caaⁿ gulal)
SCREAM (lalaƛal)
SHOUT AT (lalaƛal)
Antipassive 1 Alternation 4
CLEAN (yaⁿcolal)
LOAD (yoⁿsal)
POUR (git'al)
PUT (gulal)
WIPE (yaⁿcolal)
Potential Alternation 1
Potential Alternation 3
FEAR (hic'al)
LOOK AT (goc'oqal)
TALK (yiq'lašal)
Potential Alternation 1
Potential Alternation 2
HIDE (yuⁿcal (1))
TEAR (yäxelal)
Potential Alternation 1
TIE (yiⁿcal)
Potential Alternation 1
LIVE (ömrö bowal)
Potential Alternation 7
BEAT (yäƛ'elal)
BRING (yaq'al)
CARRY (yezal)
GIVE (niƛal)
HIT (yäƛ'elal)
SEND (yeⁿyal)
TEACH (małciyowal)
THROW (yiƛ'al (2))
Potential Alternation 3
HELP (komak bowal)
TELL (xabar meyal)
Potential Alternation 1
ASK FOR (harziyowal)
Potential Alternation 1
SAY (nisal)
Potential Alternation 2
STEAL (yuⁿcal (2))
TAKE (yokčal)
Potential Alternation 2
NAME (caaⁿ gulal)
SCREAM (lalaƛal)
SHOUT AT (lalaƛal)
Potential Alternation 3
LOAD (yoⁿsal)
POUR (git'al)
PUT (gulal)
Potential Transitivizing Alternation Potential Alternation 5
COUGH (öhƛäl)
SMELL (mäh biq'al)
Potential Alternation 6
CRY (yiyaal)
DIE (yuɣal)
JUMP (yogic'al)
PLAY (k'isal)
SIT (q'ey yecal)
SIT DOWN (q'ey yecal)
Antipassive 1 Alternation 2
COVER (yoq'olal)
DRESS (łič'elal)
Potential Alternation 9
COOK (helal)
DIG (yäxäl)
EAT (yüⁿqal)
GRIND (haʔal)
MAKE (yowal)
SEARCH FOR (xalbowal)
SHAVE (a body part/person) (kusuʔal)
WASH (nizal)
Potential Alternation 2
CUT (yüč'al)
KILL (yiƛ'al (1))
Accidental/Potential Intransitive Alternation 7
APPEAR (yoⁿq'al)
BE DRY (qoqal)
BOIL (ɣayƛal)
BURN (yek'al)
DIE (yuɣal)
FEEL COLD (yäč’ɬal)
ROLL (k'äyƛäl)
Accidental/Potential Intransitive Alternation 1
FALL (yekal)
Accidental/Potential Transitive Alternation 2
COOK (helal)
GRIND (haʔal)
Accidental/Potential Transitive Alternation 2
BREAK (yišelal)
CUT (yüč'al)
Causative with golal 1
EAT (yüⁿqal)
Recipient/Goal/Location Alternation 2 4
BRING (yaq'al)
CARRY (yezal)
SEND (yeⁿyal)
THROW (yiƛ'al (2))
Potential Alternation 1
THINK (urɣeziyaqal)
Causative with -k' 1
FEEL COLD (yäč’ɬal)
Causative with yowal 1
THINK (urɣeziyaqal)
Causative with yowal 1
Causative with golal 2
FEAR (hic'al)
TALK (yiq'lašal)
Causative with golal 4
BE HUNGRY (nukal)
CRY (yiyaal)
LAUGH (łowal)
PLAY (k'isal)
Potential Transitivizing Alternation 9
APPEAR (yoⁿq'al)
BE DRY (qoqal)
BE HUNGRY (nukal)
BE ILL (k'ok'al)
BOIL (ɣayƛal)
BURN (yek'al)
FEEL PAIN (k'ok'al)
JUMP (yogic'al)
ROLL (k'äyƛäl)
Potential Transitivizing Alternation 1
FALL (yekal)
Antipassive 1 Alternation 1
LEAVE (yeⁿƛ'al (2))
Antipassive 1 Alternation 1
Antipassive 1 Alternation 1
Potential Alternation 1
DRESS (łič'elal)
B
1
Accidental/Potential Intransitive Alternation 1
Antipassive 1 Alternation 1
Causative with -l/-ll 1