Examples of Balinese

Example Verb meaning Example of...
(1)
Anake muani cenik ento ngajeng buahe ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ngajeng
eat
buah=e
fruit=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy ate the fruit.’
EAT a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(2)
Memenne ngelut panakne cenik muani ento.
memen=ne
mother=DEF
ngelut
hug
panak=ne
child=3POSS
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
‘The mother hugged her little boy.’
HUG a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(3)
Anake cenik muani ento nlektekang anake luh ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
nlektekang
look_at
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The boy looked at the girl.’
LOOK AT a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(4)
Anake muani ento nepukin beruange ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nepukin
see
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
‘The man saw the bear.’
SEE a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(5)
Beruange ento ngadekin anake cenik muani ento.
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
ngadekin
smell
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
‘The bear smelled the boy.’
SMELL a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(6)
Anakemuani ento nakutin beruange ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nakutin
fear
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
‘The man feared the bear.’
FEAR a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(7)
Beruange ento nakutin anake muani ento.
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
nakutin
frighten
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
‘The bear frightened the man.’
FEAR a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(8)
Anake muani cenik ento nemenin bonekane anyar.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nemenin
like
boneka=ne
toy=3POSS
anyar
new
‘The boy liked his new toy.’
LIKE a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(9)
Anake luh ento nawang anake cenik muani ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
nawang
know
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
‘The girl knew the boy.’
KNOW a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(10)
Anake luh ento ngenehang dadongne ibi.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngenehang
think.about
dadong=ne
grandmother=3POSS
ibi
yesterday
‘The girl thought about her grandmother yesterday.’
THINK a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(11)
Anakemuani ento ngalihin anake luh ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
ngalihin
search.for
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The man searched for the woman.’
SEARCH FOR a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(12)
Memenne ngayehang rarene.
memen=ne
mother=DEF
ngayehang
wash
rare=ne
baby=3POSS
‘The mother washed her baby.’
WASH a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(13)
Memenne majunin panakne luh.
memen=ne
mother=DEF
majunin
dress
panak=ne
child=3POSS
luh
female
‘The mother dressed her daughter.’
DRESS a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(14)
Anake muani ento nguris jenggotne.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nguris
shave
jenggot=ne
beard=3POSS
‘The man shaved his beard.’
SHAVE (a body part/person) a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(15)
Ketut nulungin anake muani cenikcenik ento.
Ketut
Ketut
nulungin
help
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik-cenik
small-small
ento
that
‘Ketut helped the boys.’
HELP a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(16)
Anake muani cenikcenik ento ngikutin anak luh ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik-cenik
small-small
ento
that
ngikutin
follow
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The boys followed the girl.’
FOLLOW a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(17)
Anake muani ento matemu teken anake cenik muani ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
matemu
meet
teken
with
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
‘The man met the boy.’
MEET a Coding frame:
1 V teken+2
(18)
Anake luh ento ngomongin anak muani cenik ento unduk cicingne.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngomongin
talk.to
anak
person
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
unduk
about
cicing=ne
dog=3POSS
‘The girl talked to the boy about her dog.’
TALK a Coding frame:
1 V 2 unduk+3
(19)
Anake muani cenik ento nagihin reramanne pipis.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nagihin
ask_for
reraman=ne
parents=3POSS
pipis
money
‘The boy asked his parents for money.’
ASK FOR a Coding frame:
1 V 2 3
(20)
Anake luh ento ngerakin anake cenik cenik ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngerakin
shout_at
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The woman shouted at the children.’
SHOUT AT a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(21)
Anake luh ento ngorahin anake cenik muani ento satua lucu.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngorahin
tell
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
satua
story
lucu
funny
‘The girl told the boy a funny story.’
TELL a Coding frame:
1 V 2 3
(22)
Ia makejang ngorahang 'sing' teken tiang.
ia
he/she
makejang
all
ngorahang
say
'sing'
"no"
teken
with
tiang
I
‘They said "no" to me.’
SAY a Coding frame:
1 V UTT2 teken+3
(23)
Reramanne ngelunin rarene Anna.
reraman=ne
parents=DEF
ngelunin
call
rare=ne
baby=DEF
Anna
Anna
‘The parents called the baby Anna.’
NAME a Coding frame:
1 V 2 3
(24)
Anake muani muani ento mangunang umah aji kayu.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
muani
male
ento
that
mangunang
build
umah
house
aji
with
kayu
wood
‘The men built a house out of wood.’
BUILD a Coding frame:
1 V 2 aji+3
(25)
Anak muani cenik ento melahang jendelene aji batu.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
melahang
break
jendele=ne
window=DEF
aji
with
batu
stone
‘The boy broke the window with a stone.’
BREAK a Coding frame:
1 V 2 aji+3
(26)
Anake muani ento ngematiang musuhne aji keris.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
ngematiang
kill
musuh=ne
enemy=3POSS
aji
with
keris
kris
‘The man killed his enemy with a 'kris'.’
KILL a Coding frame:
1 V 2 aji+3
(27)
Anake muani cenik ento nglempagin lelipine ento aji tungked.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nglempagin
beat
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
tungked
stick
‘The boy beat the snake with a stick.’
BEAT a Coding frame:
1 V 2 aji+3
(28)
Anake muani cenik ento nglempag lelipine ento aji tungked.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nglempag
hit
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
tungked
stick
‘The boy hit the snake with a stick.’
HIT a Coding frame:
1 V 2 aji+3
(29)
Anake muani cenik ento nundik lelipine ento aji tungked.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nundik
touch
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
tungked
stick
‘The boy touched the snake with a stick.’
TOUCH a Coding frame:
1 V 2 aji+3
(30)
Anakeluh ento ngodot rotine ento aji tiuk mangan.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngodot
cut
roti=ne
bread=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
tiuk
knife
mangan
sharp
‘The woman cut the bread with a sharp knife.’
CUT a Coding frame:
1 V 2 aji+3
(31)
Anake muani ento nyemak pipise ento uli timpalne.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nyemak
take
pipis=e
money=DEF
ento
that
uli
from
timpal=ne
friend=3POSS
‘The man took the money from his friend.’
TAKE a Coding frame:
1 V 2 uli+3
(32)
Anake luh ento nguek halaman uli bukune ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
nguek
tear
halaman
page
uli
from
buku=ne
book=DEF
ento
that
‘The girl tore a page from the book.’
TEAR a Coding frame:
1 V 2 uli+3
(33)
Anake muani cenik ento melutin pohe ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
melutin
peel
poh=e
mango=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy peeled the mango.’
PEEL a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(34)
Anake muani cenik ento ngengkebang katake ento uli memenne.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ngengkebang
hide
katak=e
frog=DEF
ento
that
uli
from
memen=ne
mother=3POSS
‘The boy hid the frog from his mother.’
HIDE a Coding frame:
1 V 2 uli+3
(35)
Anake luh luh ento ngedengang gamabaran ke gurune.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
luh
female
ento
that
ngedengang
show
gamabaran
picture
ke
to
guru=ne
teacher=3POSS
‘The girls showed the picture to their teacher.’
SHOW a Coding frame:
1 V 2 ke+3
(36)
Tiang makejang maang buku ke anake cenik cenik ento.
tiang
I
makejang
all
maang
give
buku
book
ke
to
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
‘We gave the books to the children.’
GIVE a Coding frame:
1 V 2 ke+3
(37)
Anake luh ento ngirimang bunga ke dadongne.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngirimang
send
bunga
flower
ke
to
dadong=ne
grandmother=3POSS
‘The girld sent flowers to her grandmother.’
SEND a Coding frame:
1 V 2 ke+3
(38)
Anake muani muani ento ngaba kotake ento ke peken.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
muani
male
ento
that
ngaba
bring
kotak=e
box=DEF
ento
that
ke
to
peken
market
‘The men brought the box to the market.’
CARRY a Coding frame:
1 V 2 ke+3
(39)
Anake muani cenik ento ngentungang bola ke jendelane ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ngentungang
throw
bola
ball
ke
to
jendela=ne
window=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy threw the ball to the window.’
THROW a Coding frame:
1 V 2 ke+3
(40)
Anake muani ento negul jaran ento aji tali ke punyan kayue ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
negul
tie
jaran
horse
ento
that
aji
with
tali
rope
ke
to
punyan
trunk
kayu=e
tree=DEF
ento
that
‘The man tied the horse with rope to the tree trunk.’
TIE a Coding frame:
1 V 2 aji+3 ke+4
(41)
Tiang nejang cangkire ento di mejane ento.
tiang
I
nejang
put
cangkir=e
cup=DEF
ento
that
di
on
meja=ne
table=DEF
ento
that
‘I put the cup onto the table.’
PUT a Coding frame:
1 V 2 di+3
(42)
Anake muani ento nuruhang yeh ke lumure ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nuruhang
pour
yeh
water
ke
to
lumur=e
glass=DEF
ento
that
‘The man poured water into the glass.’
POUR a Coding frame:
1 V 2 ke+3
(43)
Anake luh ento ngerurub anake muani cenik ento aji saput.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngerurub
cover
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
aji
with
saput
blanket
‘The woman covered the boy with a blanket.’
COVER a Coding frame:
1 V 2 aji+3
(44)
Anake luh ento ngisinin lumuree ento aji yeh.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngisinin
fill
lumure=e
glass=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
yeh
water
‘The girl filled the glass with water.’
FILL a Coding frame:
1 V 2 aji+3
(45)
Petanine ento menekang somi ke treke ento.
petani=ne
farmer=DEF
ento
that
menekang
load
somi
hay
ke
to
trek=e
truck=DEF
ento
that
‘The farmer loaded hay onto the truck.’
LOAD a Coding frame:
1 V 2 ke+3
(46)
Tiang ngedipang matan tiange.
tiang
I
ngedipang
blink
mata=n
eye=LIG
tiang=e
I=POSS
‘I blinked my eyes.’
BLINK a Coding frame:
1 V
(47)
Anake tua ento makokohan.
anak=e
person=DEF
tua
old
ento
that
makokohan
cough
‘The old man coughed.’
COUGH a Coding frame:
1 V
(48)
Anake muani muani ento menekin punyan kayune ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
muani
male
ento
that
menekin
climb.up
punyan
trunk
kayu=ne
tree=DEF
ento
that
‘The old men climbed up the tree.’
CLIMB a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(49)
Jaranne ento malaib.
jaran=ne
horse=DEF
ento
that
malaib
run
‘The horse runs.’
RUN a Coding frame:
1 V
(50)
Anake cenik cenik ento negak di bataranne ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
negak
sit
di
on
bataran=ne
floor=DEF
ento
that
‘The children sit on the floor.’
SIT a Coding frame:
1 V di+2
(51)
Anake luh ento makejog.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
makejog
jump
‘The girl jumped.’
JUMP a Coding frame:
1 V
(52)
Anake muani cenik ento magending.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
magending
sing
‘The boy sang.’
SING a Coding frame:
1 V
(53)
Anake luh ento luas ke peken.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
luas
go
ke
to
peken
market
‘The woman went to the market.’
GO a Coding frame:
1 V ke+2
(54)
Anake muani cenik ento ngalahin desane ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ngalahin
leave
desa=ne
village=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy left the village.’
LEAVE a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(55)
Anake tua tua ento nongos di kota.
anak=e
person=DEF
tua
old
tua
old
ento
that
nongos
live
di
in
kota
city
‘The old people live in the city.’
LIVE a Coding frame:
1 V di+2
(56)
Anake luh cenik ento kedek.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
cenik
small
ento
that
kedek
laugh
‘The little girl laughed.’
LAUGH a Coding frame:
1 V
(57)
Anake muani ento makraik.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
makraik
scream
‘The man screamed.’
SCREAM a Coding frame:
1 V
(58)
Tiang nyakitang liman tiange.
tiang
I
nyakitang
hurt
lima=n
hand=LIG
tiang=e
I=POSS
‘I am feeling pain in my arms.’
FEEL PAIN a Coding frame:
1 V 2
(59)
Tiang dingin.
tiang
I
dingin
cold
‘I'm cold.’
FEEL COLD a Coding frame:
1 V
(60)
Lelipine ento mati.
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
mati
die
‘The snake died.’
DIE a Coding frame:
1 V
(61)
Anake cenik ento macanda.
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
ento
that
macanda
play
‘The boy is playing.’
PLAY a Coding frame:
1 V
(62)
Anake luh ento sebet.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
sebet
sad
‘The little girl is sad.’
BE SAD a Coding frame:
1 V
(63)
Rarene ento seduk.
rare=ne
baby=DEF
ento
that
seduk
hungry
‘The baby is hungry.’
BE HUNGRY a Coding frame:
1 V
(64)
Bolane ento ngelilik.
bola=ne
ball=DEF
ento
that
ngelilik
roll
‘The ball is rolling.’
ROLL a Coding frame:
1 V
(65)
Jukunge ento nyilem.
jukung=e
boat=DEF
ento
that
nyilem
sink
‘The boat sank.’
SINK a Coding frame:
1 V
(66)
Umahe ento puun.
umah=e
house=DEF
ento
that
puun
burn
‘The house is burning.’
BURN a Coding frame:
1 V
(67)
Tanahe ento tuh.
tanah=e
ground=DEF
ento
that
tuh
dry
‘The ground was dry.’
BE DRY a Coding frame:
1 V
(68)
Ujan.
ujan
rain
‘It rained.’
RAIN a Coding frame:
V
(69)
Anake muani ene tukangboros.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ene
this
tukangboros
hunter
‘The man is a hunter.’
BE A HUNTER a Coding frame:
1 V
(70)
Memene ngelutang panakne ke bapane.
meme=ne
mother=DEF
ngelut=ang
hug=CAUS
panak=ne
child=3POSS
ke
to
bapa=ne
father=DEF
‘The mother made the child hug the father.’
HUG an Alternation:
Causative with Theme causee
(71)
Anake muani cenik ento nglempagang tungked ke lelipine ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nglempag=ang
hit=CAUS
tungked
stick
ke
to
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy hit the snake with a stick (lit. The boy hit the stick to /against the snake.).’
HIT an Alternation:
Causative with instrument causee
(72)
Anake muani cenik ento nundikang tungked ke lelipine ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nundik=ang
touch=CAUS
tungked
stick
ke
to
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy touched the snake with a stick.’
TOUCH an Alternation:
Causative with instrument causee
(73)
Anake luh ento ngodotang tiuk mangan ke rotine ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngodot=ang
cut=CAUS
tiuk
knife
mangan
sharp
ke
to
roti=ne
bread=DEF
ento
that
‘The woman cut the bread with a sharp knife.’
CUT an Alternation:
Causative with instrument causee
(74)
Anake muani ento negulang jaran ento ke punyan kayue ento aji tali.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
negul=ang
tie=CAUS
jaran
horse
ento
that
ke
to
punyan
trunk
kayu=e
tree=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
tali
rope
‘The man tied the horse with a rope to the tree trunk.’
TIE an Alternation:
Causative with instrument causee
(75)
Anake luh ento ngisinang yeh ke lumuree ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngisin=ang
fill=CAUS
yeh
water
ke
to
lumure=e
glass=DEF
ento
that
‘The girl filled the glass with water.’
FILL an Alternation:
Causative with instrument causee
(76)
Anake muani ento menekang anake cenik ento ke punyan kayune ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
menek=ang
climb=CAUS
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
ento
that
ke
to
punyan
trunk
kayu=ne
tree=DEF
ento
that
‘The man made the child climb up the tree.’
CLIMB an Alternation:
Causative with Theme causee
(77)
Ketut negakang anake cenik cenik ento di bataranne ento.
Ketut
Ketut
negak=ang
sit=CAUS
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
di
on
bataran=ne
floor=DEF
ento
that
‘Ketut made the children sit on the floor.’
SIT an Alternation:
Causative with Theme causee
(78)
Ketut negakang anake cenik cenik ento di bangkune ento.
Ketut
Ketut
negak=ang
sit=CAUS
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
di
on
bangku=ne
bench=DEF
ento
that
‘Ketut made the children sit on the bench.’
SIT an Alternation:
Causative with Theme causee
(79)
Ketut ngecogang anake luh ento.
Ketut
Ketut
ngecog=ang
jump=CAUS
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘Ketut made the girl jump.’
JUMP an Alternation:
Causative with Theme causee
(80)
Anake muani cenik ento ngalahang desane ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ngalah=ang
beat=CAUS
desa=ne
village=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy beat the village.’
LEAVE the Verb form ngalahin
(81)
Ketut nongosang anake tua tua ento di kota.
Ketut
Ketut
nongos-ang
live-CAUS
anak=e
person=DEF
tua
old
tua
old
ento
that
di
in
kota
city
‘Ketut made the old people live in the city.’
LIVE an Alternation:
Causative with Theme causee
(82)
Ketut ninginang nasi.
Ketut
Ketut
ningin=ang
cold=CAUS
nasi
rice
‘Ketut made the rice cold.’
FEEL COLD an Alternation:
Causative with Theme causee
(83)
Ketut ngematiang lelipine ento.
Ketut
Ketut
ngemati-ang
die-CAUS
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
‘Ketut killed the snake.’
KILL an Alternation:
Causative with Theme causee
(84)
Ketut ngelilikang bolane ento.
Ketut
Ketut
ngelilik=ang
roll=CAUS
bola=ne
ball=DEF
ento
that
‘Ketut rolled the ball.’
ROLL an Alternation:
Causative with Theme causee
(85)
Ketut nyilemang jukunge ento.
Ketut
Ketut
nyilem=ang
sink=CAUS
jukung=e
boat=DEF
ento
that
‘Ketut made the boat sink.’
SINK an Alternation:
Causative with Theme causee
(86)
Ketut muunang umahe ento.
Ketut
Ketut
muun=ang
burn=CAUS
umah=e
house=DEF
ento
that
‘Ketut burned that house.’
BURN an Alternation:
Causative with Theme causee
(87)
Ketut ngetuhang penganggone.
Ketut
Ketut
ngetuh=ang
dry=CAUS
penganggo=ne
cloth=DEF
‘Ketut dried the clothes.’
BE DRY an Alternation:
Causative with Theme causee
(88)
Anake muani ento nyemakin timpalne pipise ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nyemak=in
take=LOC
timpal=ne
friend=3POSS
pipis=e
money=DEF
ento
that
‘The man took the money from his friend.’
TAKE an Alternation:
Locative alternation (oblique to object)
(89)
Anake muani cenik ento ngengkebin memenne katake ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ngengkeb=in
hide=LOC
memen=ne
mother=3POSS
katak=e
frog=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy hid the frog from his mother.’
HIDE an Alternation:
Locative alternation (oblique to object)
(90)
Anake luh luh ento ngedengin gurune gambaran.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
luh
female
ento
that
ngedeng=in
show=LOC
guru=ne
teacher=3POSS
gambaran
picture
‘The girls showed their teacher a picture.’
SHOW an Alternation:
Locative alternation (oblique to object)
(91)
Ketut maang anake cenik cenik ento bukune ento.
Ketut
Ketut
maang
give
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
buku=ne
book=DEF
ento
that
‘Ketut gave the children the books.’
GIVE an Alternation:
Locative alternation (oblique to object)
(92)
Anake luh ento ngirimin dadongne bunga.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngirim=in
send=LOC
dadong=ne
grandmother=3POSS
bunga
flower
‘The girl sent her grandmother flowers.’
SEND an Alternation:
Locative alternation (oblique to object)
(93)
Anake muani cenik ento ngentungin jendelane ento (aji) bola.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ngentung=in
throw=LOC
jendela=ne
window=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
bola
ball
‘The boy threw the ball into the window.’
THROW an Alternation:
Locative alternation (argument rearanging)
(94)
Anake muani ento negulin punyan kayue ento jaran.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
negul=in
tie=LOC
punyan
trunk
kayu=e
tree=DEF
ento
that
jaran
horse
‘The man tied the horse to the tree trunk.’
TIE an Alternation:
Locative alternation (oblique to object)
(95)
Ketut nejang cangkire ento di mejane ento.
Ketut
Ketut
nejang
put
cangkir=e
cup=DEF
ento
that
di
on
meja=ne
table=DEF
ento
that
‘Ketut put the cup onto the table.’
PUT the Verb form ngejang
(96)
Anake muani ento nuruhin lumure ento (aji) yeh.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nuruh=in
pour=LOC
lumur=e
glass=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
yeh
water
‘The man poured the water into the glass.’
POUR an Alternation:
Locative alternation (argument rearanging)
(97)
Anake luh ento ngerurubin anake muani cenik ento (aji) saput.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngerurub=in
cover=LOC
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
aji
with
saput
blanket
‘The woman covered the boy with a blanket.’
COVER the Verb form ngerurub
(98)
Petanine ento menekin treke ento (aji) somi.
petani=ne
farmer=DEF
ento
that
menek=in
load=LOC
trek=e
truck=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
somi
hay
‘The farmer loaded the truck with hay.’
CLIMB an Alternation:
Locative alternation (argument rearanging)
(99)
Ketut malaibin jaranne ento.
Ketut
Ketut
malaib=in
run=LOC
jaran=ne
horse=DEF
ento
that
‘Ketut runs from the horse.’
RUN an Alternation:
Locative alternation (argument adding)
(100)
Anake cenik cenik ento negakin bataranne ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
negak=in
sit=LOC
bataran=ne
floor=DEF
ento
that
‘The children sat on the floor.’
SIT an Alternation:
Locative alternation (oblique to object)
(101)
Anake cenik cenik ento negakin bangkune ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
negak=in
sit=LOC
bangku=ne
bench=DEF
ento
that
‘The children sat on the bench.’
SIT an Alternation:
Locative alternation (oblique to object)
(102)
Anake tua tua ento nongosin umah pemerintah.
anak=e
person=DEF
tua
old
tua
old
ento
that
nongos=in
live=LOC
umah
house
pemerintah
government
‘The old people live in government houses.’
LIVE an Alternation:
Locative alternation (oblique to object)
(103)
Anake luh cenik ento ngedekin tiang.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
cenik
small
ento
that
ngedek=in
laugh=LOC
tiang
I
‘The girl laughed at me.’
LAUGH an Alternation:
Locative alternation (argument adding)
(104)
Anake ento ngelilikin tiang bola.
anak=e
person=DEF
ento
that
ngelilik=in
roll=LOC
tiang
I
bola
ball
‘The man rolled the ball to me.’
ROLL an Alternation:
Locative alternation (argument adding)
(105)
Buahe ento ajenga teken anake muani cenik ento.
buah=e
fruit=DEF
ento
that
ajeng=a
eat=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The fruit was eaten by the boy.’
EAT an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(106)
Panakne muani cenik ento geluta teken memene.
panak=ne
child=3POSS
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
gelut=a
hug=PASS
teken
by
meme=ne
mother=DEF
‘Her child was hugged by the mother.’
HUG an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(107)
Anake luh ento tlektekanga tekan anake muani ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
tlektekang=a
look_at=PASS
tekan
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
‘The woman was looked at by the man.’
LOOK AT an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(108)
Beruange ento tepukina teken anake muani ento.
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
tepukin=a
see=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
‘The bear was seen by the man.’
SEE an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(109)
Anake cenik muani ento adekina teken beruange ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
adekin=a
smell=PASS
teken
by
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy was smelled by the bear.’
SMELL an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(110)
Beruange ento takutina teken anake muani ento.
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
takutin=a
fear=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
‘The bear was feared by the man.’
FEAR an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(111)
Anake muani ento takutina teken beruange ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
takutin=a
fear=PASS
teken
by
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
‘The man was feared by the bear.’
FEAR an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(112)
Bonekane anyar demenina teken anake muani cenik ento.
boneka=ne
toy=DEF
anyar
new
demenin=a
like=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The new toy was liked by the boy.’
LIKE an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(113)
Anake muani cenik ento tawanga teken anake luh ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
tawang=a
know=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The boy was known by the woman.’
KNOW an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(114)
Dadongne kenehanga tekan anake luh ento.
dadong=ne
grandmother=3POSS
kenehang=a
think=PASS
tekan
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘Her grandmother was thought about by the girl.’
THINK an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(115)
Anake luh ento kalahina tekan anake muani ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
kalahin=a
leave=PASS
tekan
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
‘The woman was left by the man.’
LEAVE an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(116)
Rarene kayehanga teken memene.
rare=ne
baby=DEF
kayehang=a
wash=PASS
teken
by
meme=ne
mother=DEF
‘The baby was washed my the mother.’
WASH an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(117)
Panakne luh bajunina teken memene.
panak=ne
child=3POSS
luh
female
bajunin=a
dress=PASS
teken
by
meme=ne
mother=DEF
‘Her daugther was dressed by the mother.’
DRESS an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(118)
Jenggotne gurisa teken anake muani ento.
jenggot=ne
beard=3POSS
guris=a
shave=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
‘His beard was shaved by that man.’
SHAVE (a body part/person) an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(119)
Anake muani cenikcenik ento tulungina teken Ketut.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik-cenik
small-small
ento
that
tulungin=a
help=PASS
teken
by
Ketut
Ketut
‘The boy was helped by Ketut.’
HELP an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(120)
Anake luh ento ikutina teken anakne muani cenik ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ikutin=a
follow=PASS
teken
by
anak=ne
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The girl was followed by the boys.’
FOLLOW an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(121)
Anak muani cenik ento omongina unduk cicingne teken anake luh ento.
anak
person
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
omongin=a
talk=PASS
unduk
about
cicing=ne
dog=3POSS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The boy was told about her dog by the girl.’
TALK an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(122)
Reramanne tagihina pipis teken anake muani cenik ento.
reraman=ne
parents=3POSS
tagihin=a
ask=PASS
pipis
money
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The parents were asked some money by the boy.’
ASK FOR an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(123)
Anake cenik cenik ento gerakina teken anak luh ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
gerakin=a
shout=PASS
teken
by
anak=luh
person=female
ento
that
‘The children was shouted at by the woman.’
SHOUT AT an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(124)
Anake cenik ento orahina satua lucu teken anake luh ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
ento
that
orahin=a
tell=PASS
satua
story
lucu
funny
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The boy was told a funny story by the girl.’
TELL an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(125)
'Sing' orahanga teken tiang teken ia makejang.
sing
no
orahang=a
say=PASS
teken
to
tiang
me
teken
by
ia
he/she
makejang
all
‘"No" was said to me by them.’
SAY an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(126)
Rarene gelunina Anna teken reramanne.
rare=ne
baby=DEF
gelunin=a
call=PASS
Anna
Anna
teken
by
reraman=ne
parents=DEF
‘The baby was called Anna by the parents.’
NAME an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(127)
Umah aji kayu bangunanga teken anake muani muani ento.
umah
house
aji
with
kayu
wood
bangunang=a
build=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
muani
male
ento
that
‘A house of wood was built by the men.’
BUILD an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(128)
Jendelene belahanga aji batu teken anake muani cenik ento.
jendele=ne
window=DEF
belahang=a
break=PASS
aji
with
batu
stone
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The window was broken by the boy with a stone.’
BREAK an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(129)
Musuhne matianga aji keris teken anake muani ento.
musuh=ne
enemy=DEF
matiang=a
kill=PASS
aji
with
keris
kris
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
‘The enemy was killed with 'kris' by the man.’
KILL an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(130)
Lelipine ento lempagina aji tungked teken anake muani cenik ento.
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
lempagin=a
beat=PASS
aji
with
tungked
stick
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The snake was beaten by the boy with a stick.’
BEAT an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(131)
Lelipie ento tundika teken anake muani cenik ento aji tungked.
lelipi=e
snake=DEF
ento
that
tundik=a
touch=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
aji
with
tungked
stick
‘The snake was touched by the boy with a stick.’
TOUCH an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(132)
Rotine ento godota teken anake luh ento aji tiuk mangan.
roti=ne
bread=DEF
ento
that
godot=a
cut=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
aji
with
tiuk
knife
mangan
sharp
‘The bread was cut by the womam with a sharp knife.’
CUT an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(133)
Pipise ento jemakaa teken anake muani ento uli timpalne.
pipis=e
money=DEF
ento
that
jemaka=a
take=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
uli
from
timpal=ne
friend=3POSS
‘The money was taken by the man from his friend.’
TAKE an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(134)
Halaman uli bukune ento ueka teken anake luh ento.
halaman
page
uli
from
buku=ne
book=DEF
ento
that
uek=a
tear=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The page of the book was torn by the woman.’
TEAR an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(135)
Pohe ento pelutina teken anake muani cenik ento.
poh=e
mango=DEF
ento
that
pelutin=a
peel=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The mango was peeled by the boy.’
PEEL an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(136)
Katake ento engkebanga teken anake muani cenik ento uli memenne.
katak=e
frog=DEF
ento
that
engkebang=a
hid=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
uli
from
memen=ne
mother=3POSS
‘The frog was hidden by the boy from his mother.’
HIDE an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(137)
Gambaranne ento edenganga teken anakeluh luh ento ke gurune.
gambaran=ne
picture=DEF
ento
that
edengang=a
show=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
luh
female
ento
that
ke
to
guru=ne
teacher=3POSS
‘The picture was shown by the girl to her teacher.’
SHOW an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(138)
Bukune ento baanga teken ia ke anake cenik cenik ento.
buku=ne
book=DEF
ento
that
baang=a
give=PASS
teken
by
ia
he/she
ke
to
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The book was given to the children by her.’
GIVE an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(139)
Bungane ento kirimanga teken anake luh ento ke dadongne.
bunga=ne
flower=DEF
ento
that
kirimang=a
send=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ke
to
dadong=ne
grandmother=3POSS
‘The flowers were sent to her grandmother by the girl.’
SEND an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(140)
Kotake ento abana teken anake muani muani ento ke peken.
kotak=e
box=DEF
ento
that
aba=na
bring=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
muani
male
ento
that
ke
to
peken
market
‘The boxes were brought to the market by the men.’
CARRY an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(141)
Bolane ento entunganga teken anake muani cenik ento ke jendelane ento.
bola=ne
ball=DEF
ento
that
entungang=a
throw=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ke
to
jendela=ne
window=DEF
ento
that
‘The ball was thrown to the window by the boy.’
THROW an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(142)
Jarane ento tegula teken anake muani ento aji tali ke punyan kayue ento.
jaran=e
horse=DEF
ento
that
tegul=a
tie=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
aji
with
tali
rope
ke
to
punyan
trunk
kayu=e
tree=DEF
ento
that
‘The horse was tied with a rope to the tree trunk by the man.’
TIE an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(143)
Cangkire ento ejangaa teken Ketut di mejane ento.
cangkir=e
cup=DEF
ento
that
ejanga=a
put=PASS
teken
by
Ketut
Ketut
di
on
meja=ne
table=DEF
ento
that
‘The cup was put on the table by Ketut.’
PUT an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(144)
Yehe ento turuhanga teken anake muani ento ke lumure ento.
yeh=e
water=DEF
ento
that
turuhang=a
pour=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
ke
to
lumur=e
glass=DEF
ento
that
‘The water was poured into the glass by that man.’
POUR an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(145)
Anake muani cenik ento ruruba teken anake luh ento aji saput.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
rurub=a
cover=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
aji
with
saput
blanket
‘The boy was covered with blanket by the woman.’
COVER an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(146)
Lumure ento isinina yeh tekan anake luh ento.
lumur=e
glass=DEF
ento
that
isinin=a
fill=PASS
yeh
water
tekan
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The glass was filled with water by the woman.’
FILL an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(147)
Somine ento penekanga teken petanine ento ke treke ento.
somi=ne
hay=DEF
ento
that
penekang=a
load=PASS
teken
by
petani=ne
farmer=DEF
ento
that
ke
into
trek=e
truck=DEF
ento
that
‘The hay was loaded into the truck by the farmer.’
LOAD an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(148)
Punyan kayune ento penekina teken anake muani muani ento.
punyan
trunk
kayu=ne
tree=DEF
ento
that
penekin=a
climb=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
muani
male
ento
that
‘The tree was climbed by the men.’
CLIMB an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(149)
Desane ento kalahina teken anake muani cenik ento.
desa=ne
village=DEF
ento
that
kalahin=a
leave=PASS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The village was left by the boy.’
LEAVE an Alternation:
Passive -a alternation
(150)
Buahe ento kaajeng teken anake muani cenik ento.
buah=e
fruit=DEF
ento
that
ka=ajeng
PASS=eat
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The fruit was eaten by the boy.’
EAT an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(151)
Panakne muani cenik ento kagelut teken memene.
panak=ne
child=3POSS
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ka=gelut
PASS=hug
teken
by
meme=ne
mother=DEF
‘Her boy was hugged by the mother.’
HUG an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(152)
Anake luh ento katlektekang teken anak-e muani ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ka=tlektekang
PASS=look_at
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
‘The woman was looked at by the man.’
LOOK AT an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(153)
Beruange ento katepukin teken anake muani ento.
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
ka=tepukin
PASS=see
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
‘The bear was seen by the man.’
SEE an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(154)
Anake cenik muani ento kaadekin teken beruange ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
ka=adekin
PASS=smell
teken
by
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy was smelled by the bear.’
SMELL an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(155)
Beruange ento katakutin teken anake muani ento.
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
ka=takutin
PASS=fear
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
‘The bear was feared by the man.’
FEAR an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(156)
Anake muani ento katakutin teken beruange ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
ka=takutin
PASS=fear
teken
by
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
‘The man was feared by the bear.’
FEAR an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(157)
Bonekane anyar kademenin teken anake muani cenik ento.
boneka=ne
toy=DEF
anyar
new
ka=demenin
PASS=like
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The boy liked the new toy.’
LIKE an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(158)
Anake muani cenik ento katawang teken anake luh ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ka=tawang
PASS=know
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The boy was known by the woman.’
KNOW an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(159)
Dadongne kakenehang tekan anake luh ento.
dadong=ne
grandmother=3POSS
ka=kenehang
PASS=think
tekan
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘Her grandmother was thought about by the girl.’
THINK an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(160)
Anake luh ento kakalahin tekan anake muani ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ka=kalahin
PASS=leave
tekan
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
‘The woman was left by the man.’
LEAVE an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(161)
Rarene kakayehang teken memene.
rare=ne
baby=DEF
ka=kayehang
PASS=wash
teken
by
meme=ne
mother=DEF
‘The baby was washed by the mother.’
WASH an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(162)
Panakne luh kabajunin teken memene.
panak=ne
child=3POSS
luh
female
ka=bajunin
PASS=dress
teken
by
meme=ne
mother=DEF
‘Her daugther was dressed by the mother.’
DRESS an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(163)
Jenggotne kaguris teken anake muani ento.
jenggot=ne
beard=3POSS
ka=guris
PASS=shave
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
‘His beard was shaved by that man.’
SHAVE (a body part/person) an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(164)
Anake muani cenik-cenik ento katulungin teken Ketut.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik-cenik
small-small
ento
that
ka=tulungin
PASS=help
teken
by
Ketut
Ketut
‘The boy was helped by Ketut.’
HELP an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(165)
Anake luh ento kaikutin teken anakne muani cenik ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ka=ikutin
PASS=follow
teken
by
anak=ne
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The girl was followed by the boys.’
FOLLOW an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(166)
Anak muani cenik ento kaomongin unduk cicingne teken anake luh ento.
anak
person
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ka=omongin
PASS=talk
unduk
about
cicing=ne
dog=3POSS
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The boy was told about her dog by the girl.’
TALK an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(167)
Reramanne katagihin pipis teken anake muani cenik ento.
reraman=ne
parents=3POSS
ka=tagihin
PASS=ask
pipis
money
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The parents were asked some money by the boy.’
ASK FOR an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(168)
Anake cenik cenik ento kagerakin teken anak luh ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
ka=gerakin
PASS=shout
teken
by
anak
person
luh
female
ento
that
‘The children was shouted at by the woman.’
SHOUT AT an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(169)
Anake cenik ento kaorahin satua lucu teken anake luh ento.
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
ento
that
ka=orahin
PASS=tell
satua
story
lucu
funny
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The boy was told a funny story by the girl.’
TELL an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(170)
'Sing' kaorahang teken tiang teken ia makejang.
sing
no
ka=orahang
PASS=say
teken
to
tiang
me
teken
by
ia
he/she
makejang
all
‘"No" was said to me by them.’
SAY an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(171)
Rarene kagelunin Anna teken reramane.
rare=ne
baby=DEF
ka=gelunin
PASS=call
Anna
Anna
teken
by
rerama=ne
parents=DEF
‘The bay was called Anna by the parents.’
NAME an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(172)
Umah aji kayu kabangunang teken anake muani muani ento.
umah
house
aji
with
kayu
wood
ka=bangunang
PASS=build
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
muani
male
ento
that
‘A house of wood was bulit by the men.’
BUILD an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(173)
Jendelene kabelahang aji batu teken anake muani cenik ento.
jendele=ne
window=DEF
ka=belahang
PASS=break
aji
with
batu
stone
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The window was broken by the boy with a stone.’
BREAK an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(174)
Musuhne kamatiang aji keris teken anake muani ento.
musuh=ne
enemy=DEF
ka=matiang
PASS=kill
aji
with
keris
kris
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
‘The enemy was killed with 'kris' by the man.’
KILL an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(175)
Lelipine ento kalempagin aji tungked teken anake muani cenik ento.
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
ka=lempagin
PASS=beat
aji
with
tungked
stick
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The snake was beaten by the boy with a stick.’
BEAT an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(176)
Lelipine ento kalempag aji tungked teken anake muani cenik ento.
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
ka=lempag
PASS=beat
aji
with
tungked
stick
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The snake was hit by the boy with a stick.’
HIT an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(177)
Lelipie ento katundik teken anake muani cenik ento aji tungked.
lelipi=e
snake=DEF
ento
that
ka=tundik
PASS=touch
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
aji
with
tungked
stick
‘That snake was touched by that boy with a stick.’
TOUCH an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(178)
Rotine ento kagodot teken anake luh ento aji tiuk mangan.
roti=ne
bread=DEF
ento
that
ka=godot
PASS=cut
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
aji
with
tiuk
knife
mangan
sharp
‘The bread was cut by the womam with a sharp knife.’
CUT an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(179)
Pipise ento kajemak teken anake muani ento uli timpalne.
pipis=e
money=DEF
ento
that
ka=jemak
PASS=take
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
uli
from
timpal=ne
friend=3POSS
‘The money was taken by the man from his friend.’
TAKE an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(180)
Halaman uli bukune ento kauek teken anake luh ento.
halaman
page
uli
from
buku=ne
book=DEF
ento
that
ka=uek
PASS=tear
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The page of the book was torn by the woman.’
TEAR an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(181)
Pohe ento kapelutin teken anake muani cenik ento.
poh=e
mango=DEF
ento
that
ka=pelutin
PASS=peel
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The mango was peeled by the boy.’
PEEL an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(182)
Katake ento kaengkebang teken anake muani cenik ento uli memenne.
katak=e
frog=DEF
ento
that
ka=engkebang
PASS=hid
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
uli
from
memen=ne
mother=3POSS
‘The frog was hidden by the boy from his mother.’
HIDE an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(183)
Gambaranne ento kaedengang teken anake luh ento ke gurune.
gambaran=ne
picture=DEF
ento
that
ka=edengang
PASS=show
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ke
to
guru=ne
teacher=3POSS
‘The picture was shown by the girl to her teacher.’
SHOW an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(184)
Bukune ento kabaang teken ia ke anake cenik cenik ento.
buku=ne
book=DEF
ento
that
ka=baang
PASS=give
teken
by
ia
he/she
ke
to
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The book was given to the children by her.’
GIVE an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(185)
Bungane ento kakirimang teken anake luh ento ke dadongne.
bunga=ne
flower=DEF
ento
that
ka=kirimang
PASS=send
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ke
to
dadong=ne
grandmother=3POSS
‘The flowers were sent to her grandmother by the girl.’
SEND an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(186)
Kotake ento kaaba teken anake muani muani ento ke peken.
kotak=e
box=DEF
ento
that
ka=aba
PASS=bring
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
muani
male
ento
that
ke
to
peken
market
‘The boxes were brought to the market by the men.’
CARRY an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(187)
Bolane ento kaentungang teken anake muani cenik ento ke jendelane ento.
bola=ne
ball=DEF
ento
that
ka=entungang
PASS=throw
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ke
to
jendela=ne
window=DEF
ento
that
‘The ball was thrown to the window by the boy.’
THROW an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(188)
Jarane ento kategul teken anake muani ento aji tali ke punyan kayue ento.
jaran=e
horse=DEF
ento
that
ka=tegul
PASS=tie
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
aji
with
tali
rope
ke
to
punyan
trunk
kayu=e
tree=DEF
ento
that
‘The horse was tied with a rope to the tree trunk by the man.’
TIE an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(189)
Cangkire ento kaejang teken Ketut di mejane ento.
cangkir=e
cup=DEF
ento
that
ka=ejang
PASS=put
teken
by
Ketut
Ketut
di
on
meja=ne
table=DEF
ento
that
‘The cup was put on the table by Ketut.’
PUT an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(190)
Yehe ento katuruhang teken anake muani ento ke lumure ento.
yeh=e
water=DEF
ento
that
ka=turuhang
PASS=pour
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
ke
to
lumur=e
glass=DEF
ento
that
‘The water was poured into the glass by that man.’
POUR an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(191)
Anake muani cenik ento karurub teken anake luh ento aji saput.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ka=rurub
PASS=cover
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
aji
with
saput
blanket
‘The boy was covered with a blanket by the woman.’
COVER an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(192)
Lumure ento kaisinin yeh tekan anake luh ento.
lumur=e
glass=DEF
ento
that
ka=isinin
PASS=fill
yeh
water
tekan
by
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The glass was filled with water by the woman.’
FILL an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(193)
Matan tiange kakedipang tiang.
mata=n
eye=LIG
tiang=e
I=POSS
ka=kedipang
PASS=close
tiang
I
‘My eyes were closed by me.’
BLINK an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(194)
Somine ento kapenekang teken petanine ento ke treke ento.
somi=ne
hay=DEF
ento
that
ka=penekang
PASS=load
teken
by
petani=ne
farmer=DEF
ento
that
ke
into
trek=e
truck=DEF
ento
that
‘The hay was loaded into the truck by the farmer.’
LOAD an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(195)
Punyan kayune ento kapenekin teken anake muani muani ento.
punyan
trunk
kayu=ne
tree=DEF
ento
that
ka=penekin
PASS=climb
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
muani
male
ento
that
‘The tree was climbed by the men.’
CLIMB an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(196)
Desane ento kakalahin teken anake muani cenik ento.
desa=ne
village=DEF
ento
that
ka=kalahin
PASS=leave
teken
by
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The village was left by the boy.’
LEAVE an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(197)
Limaan tiange kasakitang tiang.
lima=an
hand=LIG
tiang=e
I=POSS
ka=sakitang
PASS=hurt
tiang
I
‘My hand was hurt by me.’
FEEL PAIN an Alternation:
Passive ka- alternation
(198)
Buahe ento suba maajeng.
buah=e
fruit=DEF
ento
that
suba
already
ma=ajeng
RES=eat
‘The fruit had been eaten.’
EAT an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(199)
Panakne muani cenik ento suba magelut.
panak=ne
child=3POSS
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
suba
already
ma=gelut
RES=hug
‘The child has been hugged.’
HUG an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(200)
Rarene makayeh.
rare=ne
baby=DEF
ma=kayeh
RES=wash
‘The baby has been washed.’
WASH an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(201)
Panakne luh mabaju.
panak=ne
child=3POSS
luh
female
ma=baju
RES=dress
‘Her daughter was dressed. / Her daughter wore clothes.’
DRESS an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(202)
Jenggotne maguris.
jenggot=ne
beard=3POSS
ma=guris
RES=shave
‘His beard was shaved.’
SHAVE (a body part/person) an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(203)
Lelipine ento malempag.
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
ma=lempag
RES=beat
‘The snake was beaten.’
BEAT an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(204)
Lelipie ento matundik.
lelipi=e
snake=DEF
ento
that
ma=tundik
RES=touch
‘The snake was touched.’
TOUCH an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(205)
Rotine ento magodot.
roti=ne
bread=DEF
ento
that
ma=godot
RES=cut
‘The bread was cut.’
CUT an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(206)
Pipise ento majemak.
pipis=e
money=DEF
ento
that
ma=jemak
RES=take
‘The money was taken.’
TAKE an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(207)
Halaman uli bukune ento mauek.
halaman
page
uli
from
buku=ne
book=DEF
ento
that
ma=uek
RES=tear
‘The page of the book was torn (by the woman).’
TEAR an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(208)
Pohe ento mapelut.
poh=e
mango=DEF
ento
that
ma=pelut
RES=peel
‘The mango was peeled.’
PEEL an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(209)
Katake ento maengkebang.
katak=e
frog=DEF
ento
that
ma=engkebang
RES=hid
‘The frog was hidden.’
HIDE an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(210)
Gambaranne ento maedengang.
gambaran=ne
picture=DEF
ento
that
ma=edengang
RES=show
‘The picture was shown.’
SHOW an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(211)
Bungane ento makirim.
bunga=ne
flower=DEF
ento
that
ma=kirim
RES=send
‘The flowers were sent.’
SEND an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(212)
Kotake ento maaba.
kotak=e
box=DEF
ento
that
ma=aba
RES=bring
‘The boxes were brought.’
CARRY an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(213)
Bolane ento maentungang.
bola=ne
ball=DEF
ento
that
ma=entungang
RES=throw
‘The ball was thrown.’
THROW an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(214)
Jarane ento mategul.
jaran=e
horse=DEF
ento
that
ma=tegul
RES=tie
‘The horse was tied.’
TIE an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(215)
Cangkire ento maejang.
cangkir=e
cup=DEF
ento
that
ma=ejang
RES=put
‘The cup was put.’
PUT an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(216)
Yehe ento maturuh.
yeh=e
water=DEF
ento
that
ma=turuh
RES=pour
‘The water was poured.’
POUR an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(217)
Anake muani cenik ento marurub.
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ma=rurub
RES=cover
‘The boy was covered.’
COVER an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(218)
Lumure ento maisi.
lumur=e
glass=DEF
ento
that
ma=isi
RES=fill
‘The glass was filled.’
FILL an Alternation:
Resultative ma- alternation
(219)
Tiang ngematiang lelipine ento.
tiang
I
ngemati-ang
die-CAUS
lelipi-ne
snake-DEF
ento
that
‘I killed the snake.’
KILL an Alternation:
Causative with Theme causee