Locative alternation (argument rearanging) C

Description

the former object becomes an oblique argument and the former oblique becomes an object
for Derived CF
Verb meaning Verb form Occurs Basic Coding frame Derived Coding frame
EAT ngajeng N
(1)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ngajeng
eat
buah=e
fruit=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy ate the fruit.’
HUG ngelut N
(2)
memen=ne
mother=DEF
ngelut
hug
panak=ne
child=3POSS
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
‘The mother hugged her little boy.’
LOOK AT nlektekang N
(3)
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
nlektekang
look_at
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The boy looked at the girl.’
SEE nepukin N
(4)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nepukin
see
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
‘The man saw the bear.’
SMELL ngadekin N
(5)
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
ngadekin
smell
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
‘The bear smelled the boy.’
FEAR nakutin N
(6)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nakutin
fear
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
‘The man feared the bear.’
(7)
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
nakutin
frighten
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
‘The bear frightened the man.’
LIKE nemenin N
(8)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nemenin
like
boneka=ne
toy=3POSS
anyar
new
‘The boy liked his new toy.’
KNOW nawang N
(9)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
nawang
know
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
‘The girl knew the boy.’
THINK ngenehang N
(10)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngenehang
think.about
dadong=ne
grandmother=3POSS
ibi
yesterday
‘The girl thought about her grandmother yesterday.’
SEARCH FOR ngalihin N
(11)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
ngalihin
search.for
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The man searched for the woman.’
WASH ngayehang N
(12)
memen=ne
mother=DEF
ngayehang
wash
rare=ne
baby=3POSS
‘The mother washed her baby.’
DRESS majunin N
(13)
memen=ne
mother=DEF
majunin
dress
panak=ne
child=3POSS
luh
female
‘The mother dressed her daughter.’
SHAVE (a body part/person) nguris N
(14)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nguris
shave
jenggot=ne
beard=3POSS
‘The man shaved his beard.’
HELP nulungin N
(15)
Ketut
Ketut
nulungin
help
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik-cenik
small-small
ento
that
‘Ketut helped the boys.’
FOLLOW ngikutin N
(16)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik-cenik
small-small
ento
that
ngikutin
follow
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The boys followed the girl.’
MEET matemu N
(17)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
matemu
meet
teken
with
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
‘The man met the boy.’
TALK ngomongin N
(18)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngomongin
talk.to
anak
person
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
unduk
about
cicing=ne
dog=3POSS
‘The girl talked to the boy about her dog.’
ASK FOR nagihin N
(19)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nagihin
ask_for
reraman=ne
parents=3POSS
pipis
money
‘The boy asked his parents for money.’
SHOUT AT ngerakin N
(20)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngerakin
shout_at
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The woman shouted at the children.’
TELL ngorahin N
(21)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngorahin
tell
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
satua
story
lucu
funny
‘The girl told the boy a funny story.’
SAY ngorahang N
(22)
ia
he/she
makejang
all
ngorahang
say
'sing'
"no"
teken
with
tiang
I
‘They said "no" to me.’
NAME ngelunin N
(23)
reraman=ne
parents=DEF
ngelunin
call
rare=ne
baby=DEF
Anna
Anna
‘The parents called the baby Anna.’
BUILD mangunang N
(24)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
muani
male
ento
that
mangunang
build
umah
house
aji
with
kayu
wood
‘The men built a house out of wood.’
BREAK melahang N
(25)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
melahang
break
jendele=ne
window=DEF
aji
with
batu
stone
‘The boy broke the window with a stone.’
KILL ngematiang N
(26)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
ngematiang
kill
musuh=ne
enemy=3POSS
aji
with
keris
kris
‘The man killed his enemy with a 'kris'.’
BEAT nglempagin N
(27)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nglempagin
beat
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
tungked
stick
‘The boy beat the snake with a stick.’
HIT nglempag N
(28)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nglempag
hit
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
tungked
stick
‘The boy hit the snake with a stick.’
TOUCH nundik N
(29)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nundik
touch
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
tungked
stick
‘The boy touched the snake with a stick.’
CUT ngodot N
(30)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngodot
cut
roti=ne
bread=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
tiuk
knife
mangan
sharp
‘The woman cut the bread with a sharp knife.’
TAKE nyemak
(31)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nyemak
take
pipis=e
money=DEF
ento
that
uli
from
timpal=ne
friend=3POSS
‘The man took the money from his friend.’
TEAR nguek N
(32)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
nguek
tear
halaman
page
uli
from
buku=ne
book=DEF
ento
that
‘The girl tore a page from the book.’
PEEL melutin N
(33)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
melutin
peel
poh=e
mango=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy peeled the mango.’
HIDE ngengkebang
(34)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ngengkebang
hide
katak=e
frog=DEF
ento
that
uli
from
memen=ne
mother=3POSS
‘The boy hid the frog from his mother.’
SHOW ngedengang
(35)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
luh
female
ento
that
ngedengang
show
gamabaran
picture
ke
to
guru=ne
teacher=3POSS
‘The girls showed the picture to their teacher.’
GIVE maang
(36)
tiang
I
makejang
all
maang
give
buku
book
ke
to
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
‘We gave the books to the children.’
SEND ngirimang
(37)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngirimang
send
bunga
flower
ke
to
dadong=ne
grandmother=3POSS
‘The girld sent flowers to her grandmother.’
CARRY ngaba N
(38)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
muani
male
ento
that
ngaba
bring
kotak=e
box=DEF
ento
that
ke
to
peken
market
‘The men brought the box to the market.’
THROW ngentungang R
(39)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ngentungang
throw
bola
ball
ke
to
jendela=ne
window=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy threw the ball to the window.’
TIE negul
(40)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
negul
tie
jaran
horse
ento
that
aji
with
tali
rope
ke
to
punyan
trunk
kayu=e
tree=DEF
ento
that
‘The man tied the horse with rope to the tree trunk.’
PUT ngejang
(41)
tiang
I
nejang
put
cangkir=e
cup=DEF
ento
that
di
on
meja=ne
table=DEF
ento
that
‘I put the cup onto the table.’
POUR nuruhang R
(42)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nuruhang
pour
yeh
water
ke
to
lumur=e
glass=DEF
ento
that
‘The man poured water into the glass.’
COVER ngerurub
(43)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngerurub
cover
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
aji
with
saput
blanket
‘The woman covered the boy with a blanket.’
FILL ngisinin N
(44)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngisinin
fill
lumure=e
glass=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
yeh
water
‘The girl filled the glass with water.’
BLINK ngedipang mata N
(46)
tiang
I
ngedipang
blink
mata=n
eye=LIG
tiang=e
I=POSS
‘I blinked my eyes.’
COUGH makokohan N
(47)
anak=e
person=DEF
tua
old
ento
that
makokohan
cough
‘The old man coughed.’
CLIMB menekin N
(48)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
muani
male
ento
that
menekin
climb.up
punyan
trunk
kayu=ne
tree=DEF
ento
that
‘The old men climbed up the tree.’
RUN malaib
(49)
jaran=ne
horse=DEF
ento
that
malaib
run
‘The horse runs.’
SIT negak
(50)
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
negak
sit
di
on
bataran=ne
floor=DEF
ento
that
‘The children sit on the floor.’
JUMP makejog
(51)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
makejog
jump
‘The girl jumped.’
SING magending N
(52)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
magending
sing
‘The boy sang.’
GO luas N
(53)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
luas
go
ke
to
peken
market
‘The woman went to the market.’
LEAVE ngalahin N
(54)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ngalahin
leave
desa=ne
village=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy left the village.’
LIVE nongos
(55)
anak=e
person=DEF
tua
old
tua
old
ento
that
nongos
live
di
in
kota
city
‘The old people live in the city.’
LAUGH kedek
(56)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
cenik
small
ento
that
kedek
laugh
‘The little girl laughed.’
SCREAM makraik N
(57)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
makraik
scream
‘The man screamed.’
FEEL PAIN nyakitang N
(58)
tiang
I
nyakitang
hurt
lima=n
hand=LIG
tiang=e
I=POSS
‘I am feeling pain in my arms.’
FEEL COLD dingin N
(59)
tiang
I
dingin
cold
‘I'm cold.’
DIE mati N
(60)
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
mati
die
‘The snake died.’
PLAY macanada N
(61)
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
ento
that
macanda
play
‘The boy is playing.’
BE SAD sebet N
(62)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
sebet
sad
‘The little girl is sad.’
BE HUNGRY seduk N
(63)
rare=ne
baby=DEF
ento
that
seduk
hungry
‘The baby is hungry.’
ROLL ngelilik
(64)
bola=ne
ball=DEF
ento
that
ngelilik
roll
‘The ball is rolling.’
SINK nyilem N
(65)
jukung=e
boat=DEF
ento
that
nyilem
sink
‘The boat sank.’
BURN puun N
(66)
umah=e
house=DEF
ento
that
puun
burn
‘The house is burning.’
BE DRY tuh N
(67)
tanah=e
ground=DEF
ento
that
tuh
dry
‘The ground was dry.’
RAIN ujan N
(68)
ujan
rain
‘It rained.’
BE A HUNTER tukangboros N
(69)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ene
this
tukangboros
hunter
‘The man is a hunter.’
LOAD menekang R
(45)
petani=ne
farmer=DEF
ento
that
menekang
load
somi
hay
ke
to
trek=e
truck=DEF
ento
that
‘The farmer loaded hay onto the truck.’