Causative with instrument causee C

Description

This is a kind of instrumental applicative, which uses causative morphology, however. The event is coded as a caused motion involving an instrument as a causee Theme.
for Derived CF
Verb meaning Verb form Occurs Basic Coding frame Derived Coding frame
EAT ngajeng N
(1)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ngajeng
eat
buah=e
fruit=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy ate the fruit.’
HUG ngelut
(2)
memen=ne
mother=DEF
ngelut
hug
panak=ne
child=3POSS
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
‘The mother hugged her little boy.’
LOOK AT nlektekang N
(3)
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
nlektekang
look_at
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The boy looked at the girl.’
SEE nepukin N
(4)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nepukin
see
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
‘The man saw the bear.’
SMELL ngadekin N
(5)
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
ngadekin
smell
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
‘The bear smelled the boy.’
FEAR nakutin N
(6)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nakutin
fear
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
‘The man feared the bear.’
(7)
beruang=e
bear=DEF
ento
that
nakutin
frighten
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
‘The bear frightened the man.’
LIKE nemenin N
(8)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nemenin
like
boneka=ne
toy=3POSS
anyar
new
‘The boy liked his new toy.’
KNOW nawang N
(9)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
nawang
know
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
‘The girl knew the boy.’
THINK ngenehang N
(10)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngenehang
think.about
dadong=ne
grandmother=3POSS
ibi
yesterday
‘The girl thought about her grandmother yesterday.’
SEARCH FOR ngalihin N
(11)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
ngalihin
search.for
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The man searched for the woman.’
WASH ngayehang N
(12)
memen=ne
mother=DEF
ngayehang
wash
rare=ne
baby=3POSS
‘The mother washed her baby.’
DRESS majunin N
(13)
memen=ne
mother=DEF
majunin
dress
panak=ne
child=3POSS
luh
female
‘The mother dressed her daughter.’
SHAVE (a body part/person) nguris N
(14)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nguris
shave
jenggot=ne
beard=3POSS
‘The man shaved his beard.’
HELP nulungin N
(15)
Ketut
Ketut
nulungin
help
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik-cenik
small-small
ento
that
‘Ketut helped the boys.’
FOLLOW ngikutin N
(16)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik-cenik
small-small
ento
that
ngikutin
follow
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
‘The boys followed the girl.’
MEET matemu N
(17)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
matemu
meet
teken
with
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
‘The man met the boy.’
TALK ngomongin N
(18)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngomongin
talk.to
anak
person
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
unduk
about
cicing=ne
dog=3POSS
‘The girl talked to the boy about her dog.’
ASK FOR nagihin N
(19)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nagihin
ask_for
reraman=ne
parents=3POSS
pipis
money
‘The boy asked his parents for money.’
SHOUT AT ngerakin N
(20)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngerakin
shout_at
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
‘The woman shouted at the children.’
TELL ngorahin N
(21)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngorahin
tell
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
muani
male
ento
that
satua
story
lucu
funny
‘The girl told the boy a funny story.’
SAY ngorahang N
(22)
ia
he/she
makejang
all
ngorahang
say
'sing'
"no"
teken
with
tiang
I
‘They said "no" to me.’
NAME ngelunin N
(23)
reraman=ne
parents=DEF
ngelunin
call
rare=ne
baby=DEF
Anna
Anna
‘The parents called the baby Anna.’
BUILD mangunang N
(24)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
muani
male
ento
that
mangunang
build
umah
house
aji
with
kayu
wood
‘The men built a house out of wood.’
BREAK melahang N
(25)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
melahang
break
jendele=ne
window=DEF
aji
with
batu
stone
‘The boy broke the window with a stone.’
KILL ngematiang N
(26)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
ngematiang
kill
musuh=ne
enemy=3POSS
aji
with
keris
kris
‘The man killed his enemy with a 'kris'.’
BEAT nglempagin N
(27)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nglempagin
beat
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
tungked
stick
‘The boy beat the snake with a stick.’
HIT nglempag R
(28)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nglempag
hit
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
tungked
stick
‘The boy hit the snake with a stick.’
TOUCH nundik R
(29)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
nundik
touch
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
tungked
stick
‘The boy touched the snake with a stick.’
CUT ngodot R
(30)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngodot
cut
roti=ne
bread=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
tiuk
knife
mangan
sharp
‘The woman cut the bread with a sharp knife.’
TAKE nyemak N
(31)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nyemak
take
pipis=e
money=DEF
ento
that
uli
from
timpal=ne
friend=3POSS
‘The man took the money from his friend.’
TEAR nguek N
(32)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
nguek
tear
halaman
page
uli
from
buku=ne
book=DEF
ento
that
‘The girl tore a page from the book.’
PEEL melutin N
(33)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
melutin
peel
poh=e
mango=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy peeled the mango.’
HIDE ngengkebang N
(34)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ngengkebang
hide
katak=e
frog=DEF
ento
that
uli
from
memen=ne
mother=3POSS
‘The boy hid the frog from his mother.’
SHOW ngedengang N
(35)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
luh
female
ento
that
ngedengang
show
gamabaran
picture
ke
to
guru=ne
teacher=3POSS
‘The girls showed the picture to their teacher.’
GIVE maang N
(36)
tiang
I
makejang
all
maang
give
buku
book
ke
to
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
‘We gave the books to the children.’
SEND ngirimang N
(37)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngirimang
send
bunga
flower
ke
to
dadong=ne
grandmother=3POSS
‘The girld sent flowers to her grandmother.’
CARRY ngaba N
(38)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
muani
male
ento
that
ngaba
bring
kotak=e
box=DEF
ento
that
ke
to
peken
market
‘The men brought the box to the market.’
THROW ngentungang N
(39)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ngentungang
throw
bola
ball
ke
to
jendela=ne
window=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy threw the ball to the window.’
TIE negul R
(40)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
negul
tie
jaran
horse
ento
that
aji
with
tali
rope
ke
to
punyan
trunk
kayu=e
tree=DEF
ento
that
‘The man tied the horse with rope to the tree trunk.’
PUT ngejang N
(41)
tiang
I
nejang
put
cangkir=e
cup=DEF
ento
that
di
on
meja=ne
table=DEF
ento
that
‘I put the cup onto the table.’
POUR nuruhang N
(42)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
nuruhang
pour
yeh
water
ke
to
lumur=e
glass=DEF
ento
that
‘The man poured water into the glass.’
COVER ngerurub
(43)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngerurub
cover
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
aji
with
saput
blanket
‘The woman covered the boy with a blanket.’
FILL ngisinin R
(44)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
ngisinin
fill
lumure=e
glass=DEF
ento
that
aji
with
yeh
water
‘The girl filled the glass with water.’
BLINK ngedipang mata N
(46)
tiang
I
ngedipang
blink
mata=n
eye=LIG
tiang=e
I=POSS
‘I blinked my eyes.’
COUGH makokohan N
(47)
anak=e
person=DEF
tua
old
ento
that
makokohan
cough
‘The old man coughed.’
CLIMB menekin
(48)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
muani
male
ento
that
menekin
climb.up
punyan
trunk
kayu=ne
tree=DEF
ento
that
‘The old men climbed up the tree.’
RUN malaib N
(49)
jaran=ne
horse=DEF
ento
that
malaib
run
‘The horse runs.’
SIT negak
(50)
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
cenik
small
ento
that
negak
sit
di
on
bataran=ne
floor=DEF
ento
that
‘The children sit on the floor.’
JUMP makejog
(51)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
makejog
jump
‘The girl jumped.’
SING magending N
(52)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
magending
sing
‘The boy sang.’
GO luas N
(53)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
luas
go
ke
to
peken
market
‘The woman went to the market.’
LEAVE ngalahin
(54)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
cenik
small
ento
that
ngalahin
leave
desa=ne
village=DEF
ento
that
‘The boy left the village.’
LIVE nongos
(55)
anak=e
person=DEF
tua
old
tua
old
ento
that
nongos
live
di
in
kota
city
‘The old people live in the city.’
LAUGH kedek N
(56)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
cenik
small
ento
that
kedek
laugh
‘The little girl laughed.’
SCREAM makraik N
(57)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ento
that
makraik
scream
‘The man screamed.’
FEEL PAIN nyakitang N
(58)
tiang
I
nyakitang
hurt
lima=n
hand=LIG
tiang=e
I=POSS
‘I am feeling pain in my arms.’
FEEL COLD dingin
(59)
tiang
I
dingin
cold
‘I'm cold.’
DIE mati
(60)
lelipi=ne
snake=DEF
ento
that
mati
die
‘The snake died.’
PLAY macanada N
(61)
anak=e
person=DEF
cenik
small
ento
that
macanda
play
‘The boy is playing.’
BE SAD sebet N
(62)
anak=e
person=DEF
luh
female
ento
that
sebet
sad
‘The little girl is sad.’
BE HUNGRY seduk
(63)
rare=ne
baby=DEF
ento
that
seduk
hungry
‘The baby is hungry.’
ROLL ngelilik
(64)
bola=ne
ball=DEF
ento
that
ngelilik
roll
‘The ball is rolling.’
SINK nyilem
(65)
jukung=e
boat=DEF
ento
that
nyilem
sink
‘The boat sank.’
BURN puun N
(66)
umah=e
house=DEF
ento
that
puun
burn
‘The house is burning.’
BE DRY tuh N
(67)
tanah=e
ground=DEF
ento
that
tuh
dry
‘The ground was dry.’
RAIN ujan
(68)
ujan
rain
‘It rained.’
BE A HUNTER tukangboros N
(69)
anak=e
person=DEF
muani
male
ene
this
tukangboros
hunter
‘The man is a hunter.’
LOAD menekang N
(45)
petani=ne
farmer=DEF
ento
that
menekang
load
somi
hay
ke
to
trek=e
truck=DEF
ento
that
‘The farmer loaded hay onto the truck.’