marīḍun (مريد)

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no verbal counterpart
BE SICK is expressed by an adjective phrase (
marīḍun) marked by the nominative case as a predicate in a verbless sentence (if the time reference is present and the proposition of the sentence is positive). The adjective phrase agrees with the subject noun phrase in number and gender. If the time reference of the sentence is future or past, a copula (kāna) is needed, that flags the subject of the sentence. If the proposition is negative, a negative copula (laysa) is used (in present tense) that flags the subject of the sentence.
With a copula the predicate adjective phrase is marked by accusative.

verb with a similar meaning:
maraḍa (stem I) 'to become ill'

Coding frame

Verb type: A

Examples

(243)
Albintu marīḍatun.
al-bint-u
ART-girl.F-NOM
marīḍ-at-un
sick-F-NOM.IDEF
‘The girl is sick.’
(244)
Kānat albintu marīḍatan.
kānat
be.PRF.3SG.F
al-bint-u
ART-girl.F-NOM
marīḍ-at-an
sick-F-ACC.IDEF
‘The girl was sick.’
(245)
Satakūnu lbintu marīḍatan.
sa-takūnu
FUT-be.IPFV.3SG.F
l-bint-u
ART-girl.F-NOM
marīḍ-at-an
sick-F-ACC.IDEF
‘The girl will be sick.’
(246)
Laysat albintu marīḍatan.
laysat
be.NEG.3SG.F
al-bint-u
ART-girl.F-NOM
marīḍ-at-an
sick-F-ACC.IDEF
‘The girl is not sick.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BE ILL Coding set Argument type
1 sick person NP-nom X

Alternations