ǧāʾiʿun (جائع)

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no verbal counterpart
BE HUNGRY is expressed by an adjective phrase (
ǧāʾiʿun) marked by the nominative case as a predicate in a verbless sentence (if the time reference is present and the proposition of the sentence is positive). The adjective phrase agrees with the subject noun phrase in number and gender (see example 151). If the time reference of the sentence is future or past, a copula (kāna) is needed, that flags the subject of the sentence. If the proposition is negative, a negative copula (laysa) is used (in present tense) that flags the subject of the sentence.
With a copula the predicate adjective phrase is marked by accusative.

Coding frame

Verb type: A

Examples

(151)
ʾAnā ǧāʾiʿun.
ʾanā
1SG
ǧāʾiʿ-un
hungry-NOM.IDEF
‘I'm hungry.’
(231)
Alwaladu ǧāʾiʿun.
al-walad-u
ART-boy.M-NOM
ǧāʾiʿ-un
hungry-NOM.IDEF
‘The boy is hungry.’
(232)
Kāna lwaladu ǧāʾiʿan.
kāna
be.PRF.3SG.M
l-walad-u
ART-boy.M-NOM
ǧāʾiʿ-an
hungry-ACC.IDEF
‘The boy was hungry.’
(233)
Sayakūnu lwaladu ǧāʾiʿan.
sa-yakūnu
FUT-be.IPFV.3SG.M
l-walad-u
ART-boy.M-NOM
ǧāʾiʿ-an
hungry-ACC.IDEF
‘The boy will be hungry.’
(234)
Laysat albintu ǧāʾiʿatan.
laysat
be.NEG.3SG.F
al-bint-u
ART-girl.F-NOM
ǧāʾiʿ-at-an
hungry-F-ACC.IDEF
‘The girl is not hungry.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BE HUNGRY Coding set Argument type
1 hungry person NP-nom X

Alternations