ʾarâ (أرى)

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A stem IV verb
Causative to stem I verb of the same root:
raʾâ 'see'.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

(88)
ʾArat albintu lkitāba lilmuʿallimi.
ʾarat
see.IV.CAUS.PRF.3SG.F
al-bint-u
ART-girl.F-NOM
l-kitāb-a
ART-book.M-ACC
li-l-muʿallim-i
for-ART-teacher.M-GEN
‘The girl showed the book to the teacher.’
(26)
Limād̠ā lā taḫruǧu waturīnī nafsaka?
li-mād̠ā
for-what
NEG
taḫruǧu
go.out.IPFV.2SG.M
wa-turī-nī
and-see.IV.CAUS.IPFV.2SG.M-1SG
nafs-a-ka
self-ACC-2SG.M
‘Why don't you go out and show me yourself?’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SHOW Coding set Argument type
1 shower V.subj NP-nom A
2 showing addressee li+NP X
3 shown thing NP-acc P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
M derivation takes place from stem IV 'to show' y
(28)
‘He showed himself happy for the people./ He pretended to be happy to the people.’
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
y
C
y
C
N y
C
N y
U
R n
(206)
‘The teacher showed the book to the children.’
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n