ʾaḫfâ (أخفى)

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A stem IV verb
Causative to stem I verb of the same root:
ḫafiya 'to be hidden'.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Example

(85)
ʾAḫfat albintu lkitāba ʿalâ lmuʿallimi.
ʾaḫfat
hide.IV.CAUS.PRF.3SG.F
al-bint-u
ART-girl.F-NOM
l-kitāb-a
ART-book.M-ACC
ʿalâ
on
l-muʿallim-i
ART-teacher.M-GEN
‘The girl hid the book from the teacher.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# HIDE Coding set Argument type
1 hider V.subj NP-nom A
2 hidden thing NP-acc P
3 hiding affectee ʿalâ+NP X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(200)
‘My friend disappeared for a long time. / My friend is hidden for a long time. / My friend hides himself for a long time.’
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
R the derivation takes place from stem I of the same root. Stem II does not exists.
y
(199)
‘The thief hid behind a wall.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
R y
(200)
‘My friend disappeared for a long time. / My friend is hidden for a long time. / My friend hides himself for a long time.’
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n