qatala (قتل)

show comment

A stem I verb
qatala has the meaning 'kill, fight'

Coding frame

Examples

(11)
Qatala lwaladu lḥayyata bi-lʿaṣâi.
qatala
kill.PRF.3SG.M
l-walad-u
ART-boy.M-NOM
l-ḥayyat-a
ART-snake.F-ACC
bi-l-ʿaṣâ-i
with-ART-stick.F-GEN
‘The boy killed the snake with the stick.’
(68)
Qattala lmaliku šaʿabahu.
qattala
kill.II.INT.PRF.3SG.M
l-malik-u
ART-king.M-NOM
šaʿab-a-hu
people.M-ACC-3SG.M
‘The king slaughtered his people.’
(69)
Qātala ʾaʿdāʾahu.
qātala
kill.III.REP.PRF.3SG.M
ʾaʿdāʾ-a-hu
rival.M.PL-ACC-3SG.M
‘He fought against his rivals.’
(70)
Taqātala maʿa ʾaʿdāʾihi.
taqātala
kill.VI.RECP.PRF.3SG.M
maʿa
with
ʾaʿdāʾ-i-hi
rival.M.PL-GEN-3SG.M
‘He fought his rivals (and they fought him).’
(212)
Taqātala lǧunūdu.
taqātala
kill.VI.RECP.PRF.3SG.M
l-ǧunūd-u
ART-soldier.M.PL-NOM
‘The soldiers fought each other.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# KILL Coding set Argument type
1 killer V.subj NP-nom A
2 killee NP-acc P
3 killing instrument bi+NP I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
N derivation takes place from the stem III verb with similar meaning 'fight with' <NOM ACC>
(exs. 70 and 212)
y
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(71)
‘He fought/killed his rivals (and they fought him). / He fought with his rivals.’
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n